Incisive foramen Information

From Wikipedia
Incisive foramen
The bony palate and alveolar arch.
Part of hard palate
Latinforamen incisivum
TA98 A02.1.00.060
TA2 464
FMA 57737 75305, 57737
Anatomical terms of bone

In the human mouth, the incisive foramen (also known as: "anterior palatine foramen", or "nasopalatine foramen") is the opening of the incisive canals on the hard palate immediately behind the incisor teeth. It gives passage blood vessels and nerves. The incisive foramen is situated within the incisive fossa of the maxilla.

The incisive foramen is used as an anatomical landmark for defining the severity of cleft lip and cleft palate.

The incisive foramen exists in a variety of species.


The incisive foramen is a funnel-shaped opening of the in the bone of the oral hard palate representing the inferior termination of the incisive canal.[ citation needed] An oral prominence - the incisive papilla - overlies the incisive fossa. [1]

The incisive foramen is situated immediately behind the incisor teeth, and in between the two premaxillae.[ citation needed]


The incisive foramen allows for blood vessels and nerves to pass. These include:

Clinical significance

As many nerves exit the incisive canal at the incisive foramen, it may be used for injection of local anaesthetic. [3]

When plain radiographs are taken of the mouth, the incisive foramen may be mistaken for a periapical lesion. [5]

The incisive foramen can be used as a landmark when describing cleft lip and cleft palate, which can either extend in front of (primary) or behind (secondary) the foramen. [6] [7] It is also important as a surgical landmark to avoid damaging its nerves and vascular structures. [3]


The incisive foramen is also known as the anterior palatine foramen, [5] the nasopalatine foramen, and the incisive fossa.

Other animals

In many other species, the incisive foramina allow for passage of ducts to the vomeronasal organ. [2] It can be found in cats, [6] and alligators. [8]

Additional images


Public domain This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 162 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical Basis of Clinical Practice. Susan Standring (41st ed.). Philadelphia. 2016. p. 510. ISBN  978-0-7020-5230-9. OCLC  920806541.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: others ( link)
  2. ^ a b Maynard, Robert Lewis; Downes, Noel (2019-01-01). "10 - Nasal Cavity". Anatomy and Histology of the Laboratory Rat in Toxicology and Biomedical Research. Academic Press. pp. 109–121. ISBN  978-0-12-811837-5.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year ( link)
  3. ^ a b c d Tomaszewska, Iwona M.; Popieluszko, Patrick; Tomaszewski, Krzysztof A.; Walocha, Jerzy A. (2019), Iwanaga, Joe; Tubbs, R. Shane (eds.), "Anatomy and Variations of the Incisive Foramen", Anatomical Variations in Clinical Dentistry, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 117–123, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-97961-8_11, ISBN  978-3-319-97961-8, retrieved 2021-09-16
  4. ^ Moskovitz, Joshua B.; Choi, Andrew (2015). "11 - Regional Nerve Blocks of the Head and Neck". Nerves and nerve injuries. Vol. 1 - History, embryology, anatomy, imaging, and diagnostics. Amsterdam: Academic Press. pp. 147–151. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-410390-0.00011-1. ISBN  978-0-12-410447-1. OCLC  908128669.
  5. ^ a b Gorrel, Cecilia; Andersson, Susanne; Verhaert, Leen (2013-01-01). "7 - Dental radiography". Veterinary Dentistry for the General Practitioner (2nd ed.). Saunders. pp. 67–80. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-7020-4943-9.00012-0. ISBN  978-0-7020-4943-9.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year ( link)
  6. ^ a b Rochette, Judy (2016). "103 - Disorders and Normal Variations of the Oral Cavity of Kittens and Senior Cats". August's Consultations in Feline Internal Medicine. Vol. 7. Saunders. pp. 1024–1033. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-323-22652-3.00103-1. ISBN  978-0-323-22652-3.
  7. ^ Mitchell, Barry S.; Sharma, Ram (2009). "11 - Development of the head and neck, the eye and ear". Embryology (2nd ed.). Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone. pp. 63–72. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-7020-3225-7.50014-2. ISBN  978-0-7020-3225-7. OCLC  245507391.
  8. ^ De Iuliis, Gerardo; Pulerà, Dino (2011-01-01). "8 - Reptile Skulls and Mandibles". The Dissection of Vertebrates (2nd ed.). Academic Press. pp. 253–285. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-375060-0.00008-5. ISBN  978-0-12-375060-0.{{ cite book}}: CS1 maint: date and year ( link)

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