Help:IPA/Lithuanian Information

From Wikipedia

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Lithuanian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{ IPA-lt}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

See Lithuanian phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Lithuanian.

IPA Examples IPA Examples [1] English approximation
b butas labiau boot; beautiful
d du didelis do; adieu
dz dzūkas dzʲ dziedas adze
ar iaugsmas jeans
f [2] fabrikas [2] fizika fool; few
ɡ galva ɡʲ gerai goo; argue
ɣ [2] halas ɣʲ [2] himnas between go and ahead
j jauna, ji yes, boy
k kas kiek school; skew
ɫ labas lietus pill; least
m mama miltai moot; mute
n namas niekas noon; newt (for some dialects)
ŋ [3] ranka ŋʲ [3] rengti sing
p padas pienas spoon; spew
r ratas rėtis trilled r, like in Spanish
s saulė siena soup; assume (for some dialects)
ʃ šaukštas ɕ šienas, šis sheet
t tai ten stool; stew (for some dialects)
ts caras tsʲ citrina cats
čaižus čia chip
v vanduo visi vapor; view
x [2] choras [2] chimera loch; huge (for some dialects).
z zaunyti zylė zoo; Zeus (for some dialects)
ʒ žodis ʑ žilas asia
IPA Examples English approximation
ratas, kąsti father
ɛː tęsti pet (but longer)
æː retas bad
ɐ kas, ta putt
tėtė fairy
ɛ mesti met
vyras, į need
ɪ ji, kitas sit
voras chore
ɔ [2] choras off
rūta, namų moon
ʊ kur, du foot
Stress and tone
ˈ primary stress follows
ǐː "circumflex" or rising tone
îː "acute" or falling tone


  1. ^ Lithuanian makes contrasts between palatalized and unpalatalized consonants. Palatalized consonants are denoted by [ʲ] and are pronounced with the body of the tongue raised toward the hard palate, like the articulation of the y sound in yes.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Phonemes /f/, /fʲ/, /ɣ/, /ɣʲ/, /x/, /xʲ/, and /ɔ/ occur only in loanwords.
  3. ^ a b [ŋ] and [ŋʲ] are allophones of /n/ and //, respectively, before velar consonants.