Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis Information

From Wikipedia

The Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis (abbreviated as HWV) is the Catalogue of Handel's Works. It was published in three volumes (in German) by Bernd Baselt between 1978 and 1986, and lists every piece of music known to have been written by George Frideric Handel. The catalogue also includes the first few bars of each piece and large amounts of factual information including manuscript sources, early prints, photographs, spurious works, etc. The catalogue does not include the full scores of Handel's works (for the full scores, see Händel-Gesellschaft and Hallische Händel-Ausgabe).


The HWV thematic catalogue serves as the modern numbering system for Handel's compositions. For example, Handel's Messiah is numbered as HWV 56. [1] The HWV numbers range from 1 to 612, however they do not represent a global date-ordering of composition; i.e. HWV 1 is not Handel's first work, nor is HWV 612 his last. Instead, the HWV numbers group works into musical categories, and provide a good ordering of the date of composition within each category. The following table lists the categories and the HWV number ranges.

HWV numbers Category
1–42 Operas
43–45, 218 Incidental music
46–48, 50–71 Oratorios
49, 72–76 Odes and masques
77–177 Cantatas
178–199 Italian duets
200, 201 Italian trios
202–210, 269–277, 284–286 Hymns
211–217, 219–227 Italian arias
226, 228 English songs
229 German church cantatas
230, 233, 234 Italian sacred cantatas
231, 232, 235–245, 269–274, 276, 277 Latin church music
246–268 Anthems
278–283 Canticles
287–311, 343 Concertos
312–335 Concerti grossi
336–345, 347–356, 413 Orchestral works
357–379, 406–409, 412, 419–421 Solo sonatas
380–405 Trio sonatas
346, 410, 411, 414–418, 422–424 Wind ensemble works
425–612 Keyboard works
A1, A3, A4, A6–A9, A10, A12 Arrangements by other composers

There are gaps and anomalies in the HWV numbering system, so the above table is only useful as a guide (see the List of compositions by George Frideric Handel for more details).

The HWV numbers do not imply that Handel wrote exactly 612 works. The combination of unnumbered works, lost works, misattributed works, spurious works, variants (e.g. HWV 251 a–d), grouped works (e.g. HWV 229 1–7), and arrangements (e.g. HWV 482 1–4), all render meaningless the determination of the exact number of Handel's compositions.


  1. ^ Hicks, Anthony (2001). "Handel, George Frideric". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John (eds.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. Vol. x (2nd ed.). London: Macmillan. p. 785.

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