genus of medium-sized
giraffids known from the
Miocene of the
Indian subcontinent and
Eurasia. It is distinguished from other giraffids by the four
ossicones on its head; one pair in front of the eyes on the anterior aspect of the
frontal bone and the other behind the eyes in the fronto
parietal region overhanging the
temporal fossae. It has a
brachydont dentition like in other giraffids and its legs and feet are of medium length.
 Giraffokeryx is considered
monotypic by most authors, in the form of G. punjabiensis, but other species have been assigned to the genus:
G. chinjensis was assigned to the genus, but later included within the extinct species
. The distribution of this latter species and Giraffa priscilla G. punjabiensis indicates that the
Himalayas still did not act as a barrier for faunal dispersal during the middle Miocene.
 G. anatoliensis, a partial skull with a postorbital horn and isolated teeth from Turkey, had shorter and less inclined horns than G. punjabiensis.
Giraffokeryx resembled either an
okapi or a small
giraffe. It is a possible ancestor of both.
Giraffokeryx Paleobiology Database retrieved June 2013
^ Bhatti, Z.H., Khan, M.A., Khan, A.M., Akhtar, M., Ghaffar, A., Iqbal, M., Ikram, T.
Giraffokeryx (Artiodactyla: Mammalia) remains from the lower Siwaliks of Pakistan, December 2012 Pakistan Journal of Zoology 44:6 pp. 1623–31
Bhatti et al. 2012, pp. 1628–9 harvnb error: no target: CITEREFBhattiKhanKhanAkhtar2012 (
^ Geraads, D., Aslan, F. Giraffidae from the middle Miocene hominoid locality of Çandır (Turkey) 2003
Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 240
Mitchell, G.; Skinner, J. D. (2003).
"On the origin, evolution and phylogeny of giraffes Giraffa camelopardalis" (PDF). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa. 58 (1): 51–73.
Pilgrim, G. E. (1910). "Notices of new mammalian genera and species from the Tertiaries of India". Records of the Geological Survey of India. 40 (1): 63–71.