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This is a list of current and former French intelligence agencies.

Currently active

Former agencies

See also

Further reading

  • Alexander, Martin S. "Did the Deuxième Bureau work? The role of intelligence in french defence policy and strategy, 1919–39." Intelligence and National Security 6.2 (1991): 293-333.
  • Andrew, Christopher. The Secret World: A History of Intelligence (2018)pp 902–914.
  • Andrew, Christopher. "France and the German Menace." in Knowing One's Enemies: Intelligence Assessment Before the Two World Wars edited by Ernest R. May. (1984).
  • Armes, Keith. "French Intelligence on the Russian Army on the Eve of the First World War." Journal of Military History 82.3 (2018).
  • Bauer, Deborah Susan. Marianne is Watching: Knowledge, Secrecy, Intelligence and the Origins of the French Surveillance State (1870-1914). (PhD Dissertation, UCLA, 2013.) Online Bibliography pp 536–59
  • Chopin, Olivier. "Intelligence reform and the transformation of the state: the end of a French exception." Journal of Strategic Studies 40.4 (2017): 532-553.
  • Deacon, Richard. The French Secret Service (1990).
  • Forcade, Olivier. La République secrète: histoire des services spéciaux français de 1918 à 1939. (Paris: Nouveau monde, 2008).
  • Hayez, Philippe. "'Renseignement': The new French intelligence policy." International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence 23.3 (2010): 474-486.
  • Jackson, Peter. "French Military Intelligence responds to the German Remilitarisation of the Rhineland, 1936-A look at French intelligence machinery in 1936." Intelligence and National Security 22.4 (2007): 546-562.
  • Jackson, Peter. France and the Nazi Menace: Intelligence and Policy Making, 1933-1939 (2000).
  • Keiger, John. France and the World since 1870 (2001) ch 4: "French Intelligence" pp 80–109.
  • Parry, D. L. L. "Clemenceau, Caillaux and the Political Use of Intelligence." Intelligence and National Security 9#3 (1994): 472-494.
  • Porch, Douglas. The French Secret Services: A History of French Intelligence from the Drefus Affair to the Gulf War (Macmillan, 2003).
  • Warner, Michael. The Rise and Fall of Intelligence: An International Security History (2014)


  1. ^ "Tracfin".