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Albrecht Dürer: Melencolia I   wikidata:Q1362177  reasonator:Q1362177
creator QS:P170,Q5580
  Edit this at Wikidata
Albrecht Dürer: Melencolia I
Latin: Melencolia I  Edit this at Wikidata
Melencolia I
title QS:P1476,la:"Melencolia I  Edit this at Wikidata"
label QS:Lla,"Melencolia I  Edit this at Wikidata"
label QS:Les,"Melancolía I"
label QS:Lru,"Меланхолия"
label QS:Lde,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lhy,"Մելանխոլիա I"
label QS:Lzh,"忧郁 I"
label QS:Lda,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Ltr,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lja,"メランコリア I"
label QS:Lsv,"Melankolien"
label QS:Lhe,"מלנכוליה"
label QS:Lzh-hant,"梅倫科利亞一世"
label QS:Lzh-cn,"梅伦科利亚一世"
label QS:Lfi,"Melankolia I"
label QS:Lit,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lfr,"Melencolia"
label QS:Let,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lpt,"Melancolia I"
label QS:Lsl,"Melancholia I"
label QS:Lpt-br,"Melancolia I"
label QS:Laz,"Melanxoliya I"
label QS:Lmk,"Меланхолија I"
label QS:Lpl,"Melancholia I"
label QS:Lnb,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lnl,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lfa,"ملانکولیا ۱"
label QS:Luk,"Меланхолія"
label QS:Lhr,"Melenkolija I"
label QS:Lko,"멜랑콜리아 I"
label QS:Len,"Melencolia I"
label QS:Lar,"سوداوية 1 (ملنخوليا)"
label QS:Lzh-hans,"梅伦科利亚一世"
label QS:Lcs,"Melancholie I"
Part of Meisterstiche  Edit this at Wikidata
Object type copper engraving print / print  Edit this at Wikidata
Genre allegory  Edit this at Wikidata
Date 1514
date QS:P571,+1514-00-00T00:00:00Z/9
Medium copper plate
Dimensions height: 24.2 cm (9.5 in)  Edit this at Wikidata; width: 18.8 cm (7.4 in)  Edit this at Wikidata
dimensions QS:P2048,+24.2U174728
dimensions QS:P2049,+18.8U174728
institution QS:P195,Q163804
Accession number
33377 D
Place of creation Nuremberg  Edit this at Wikidata
  • Melencolia I  Edit this at Wikidata
English: Melancholia I The bat-like creature flying through a night sky declares the subject of this famous engraving: Melancolia I. That dark temperament is personified by a female figure seated in the foreground. The winged infant beside her is a 'genius' (in the ancient sense, meaning an accompanying spirit).

Melancholy has wings and from her belt hang keys and a money bag, symbolizing power and wealth. She is surrounded by measuring instruments. Above her head is a panel of 'magic' numbers (they add up to 34 in all directions). At her feet are the tools that can fashion the material world. Yet she does nothing: lost in thought, she turns away from the light.

Renaissance philosophers had suggested a new interpretation for melancholy, as the temperament of genius (in the modern sense). Melancholy was possessed by artists, in whom 'Imagination' predominates; 'Reason' dominates scholars; while the final stage of 'Spirit' was the preserve of theologians. If this interpretation is correct, Dürer has presented us with a portrait of his mental behaviour, as he knew about the danger of too much spirital work as an artist. Although he was born in the name of mercure, not saturn and therefor after a letter from Beheim to Pirckheimer, not a melancholic.
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Albrecht Dürer's Melancholia I (1514) includes an order 4 square with magic sum 34

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current 16:09, 27 December 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 16:09, 27 December 20123,146 × 4,000 (8.97 MB)Jan ArkesteijnReverted to version as of 10:54, 6 October 2012, useless lossy edit
07:43, 27 December 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 07:43, 27 December 20123,056 × 3,921 (6.47 MB)YuviPandaReplacing with cropped versions
10:54, 6 October 2012 Thumbnail for version as of 10:54, 6 October 20123,146 × 4,000 (8.97 MB)Jan Arkesteijnhigher resolution
14:15, 28 May 2010 Thumbnail for version as of 14:15, 28 May 20102,192 × 2,831 (5.15 MB)Rainer Zenz
09:30, 31 January 2007 Thumbnail for version as of 09:30, 31 January 20072,196 × 2,835 (2.06 MB)Donarreiskoffer{{Information |Description=Melancholia I |Source= |Date= |Author= Albrecht Dürer |Permission= |other_versions= }}

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