|Formation||28 October 1990|
|Headquarters||Helsinki, Finland, Europe|
|EMS has as its members around 60 national mathematical societies in Europe, 50 mathematical research centres and departments, and 3000 individuals.|
|Jan Philip Solovej|
|Affiliations||International Mathematical Union|
The European Mathematical Society (EMS) is a European organization dedicated to the development of mathematics in Europe. Its members are different mathematical societies in Europe, academic institutions and individual mathematicians. The current president is Jan Philip Solovej,  professor at the Department of Mathematics at the University of Copenhagen.
The Society seeks to serve all kinds of mathematicians in universities, research institutes and other forms of higher education. Its aims are to
The EMS is itself an Affiliate Member  of the International Mathematical Union and an Associate Member  of the International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
The precursor to the EMS, the European Mathematical Council was founded in 1978  at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Helsinki. This informal federation of mathematical societies was chaired by Sir Michael Atiyah. The European Mathematical Society was founded on 28 October 1990 in Mądralin near Warsaw, Poland, with Friedrich Hirzebruch as founding President. Initially, the EMS had 27 member societies. The first European Congress of Mathematics (ECM) was held at the Sorbonne and Panthéon-Sorbonne universities in Paris in 1992, and is now held every 4 years at different locations around Europe, organised by the EMS. The last ECM (postponed for a year due to the covid pandemic) was in 2021 in Portorož in Slovenia.
The governing body  of the EMS is its Council, which comprises delegates representing all of the societies which are themselves members of the EMS, along with delegates representing the institutional and individual EMS members. The Council meets every 2 years, and appoints the President and Executive Committee who are responsible for the running of the society.
Besides the Executive Committee, the EMS has standing committees on:  Applications and Interdisciplinary Relations, Developing Countries, Mathematical Education, ERCOM (Directors of European Research Centres in the Mathematical Sciences), Ethics, European Solidarity, Meetings, Publications and Electronic Dissemination, Raising Public Awareness of Mathematics,  Women in Mathematics.
The European Congress of Mathematics (ECM) is held every four years under the Society's auspices, at which ten EMS Prizes are awarded to "recognize excellent contributions in Mathematics by young researchers not older than 35 years". 
Since 2000, the Felix Klein Prize (endowed by the Institute for Industrial Mathematics in Kaiserslautern) has been awarded to "a young scientist or a small group of young scientists (normally under the age of 38) for using sophisticated methods to give an outstanding solution, which meets with the complete satisfaction of industry, to a concrete and difficult industrial problem."
Since 2012, the Otto Neugebauer Prize (endowed by Springer Verlag) has been awarded to a researcher or group of researchers '"for highly original and influential work in the field of history of mathematics that enhances our understanding of either the development of mathematics or a particular mathematical subject in any period and in any geographical region".
EMS Prizes: Richard Borcherds (UK)F – Jens Franke (Germany) – Alexander Goncharov (Russia) – Maxim Kontsevich (Russia)F – François Labourie (France) – Tomasz Łuczak (Poland) – Stefan Müller (Germany) – Vladimír Šverák (Czechoslovakia) – Gábor Tardos (Hungary) – Claire Voisin (France)
EMS Prizes: Alexis Bonnet (France) – Timothy Gowers (UK)F – Annette Huber-Klawitter (Germany) – Aise Johan de Jong (Netherlands) – Dmitry Kramkov (Russia) – Jiří Matoušek (Czech Republic) – Loïc Merel (France) – Grigori Perelman (Russia)F, declined – Ricardo Pérez-Marco (Spain/France) – Leonid Polterovich (Russia/Israel)
EMS Prizes: Semyon Alesker (Israel) – Raphaël Cerf (France) – Dennis Gaitsgory (Moldova) – Emmanuel Grenier (France) – Dominic Joyce (UK) – Vincent Lafforgue (France) – Michael McQuillan (UK) – Stefan Nemirovski (Russia) – Paul Seidel (UK/Italy) – Wendelin Werner (France)F
Felix Klein Prize: David C. Dobson (USA)
EMS Prizes: Franck Barthe (France) – Stefano Bianchini (Italy) – Paul Biran (Israel) – Elon Lindenstrauss (Israel)F – Andrei Okounkov (Russia)F – Sylvia Serfaty (France) – Stanislav Smirnov (Russia)F – Xavier Tolsa (Spain) – Warwick Tucker (Australia/Sweden) – Otmar Venjakob (Germany)
Felix Klein Prize: Not Awarded
EMS Prizes: Artur Avila (Brazil)F – Alexei Borodin (Russia) – Ben J. Green (UK) – Olga Holtz (Russia) – Boáz Klartag (Israel) – Alexander Kuznetsov (Russia) – Assaf Naor (USA/Israel) – Laure Saint-Raymond (France) – Agata Smoktunowicz (Poland) – Cédric Villani (France)F
Felix Klein Prize: Josselin Garnier (France)
EMS Prizes: Simon Brendle (Germany) - Emmanuel Breuillard (France) - Alessio Figalli (Italy)F - Adrian Ioana (Romania) - Mathieu Lewin (France) - Ciprian Manolescu (Romania) - Grégory Miermont (France) - Sophie Morel (France) - Tom Sanders (UK) - Corinna Ulcigrai (Italy) -
Felix Klein Prize: Emmanuel Trélat (France)
Otto Neugebauer Prize: Jan P. Hogendijk (Netherlands)
EMS Prizes: Sara Zahedi (Iran-Sweden) - Mark Braverman (Israel) - Vincent Calvez (France) - Guido de Philippis (Italy) - Peter Scholze (Germany)F - Péter Varjú (Hungary) - Thomas Willwacher (Germany) - James Maynard (UK)F - Hugo Duminil-Copin (France)F - Geordie Williamson (Australia)
Felix Klein Prize: Patrice Hauret (France)
Otto Neugebauer Prize: Jeremy Gray (UK)
EMS Prizes: Karim Adiprasito (Germany) - Ana Caraiani (Romania) - Alexander Efimov (Russia) - Simion Filip (Moldova) - Aleksandr Logunov (Russia) - Kaisa Matomäki (Finland) - Phan Thành Nam (Vietnam) - Joaquim Serra (Spain) - Jack Thorne (UK) - Maryna Viazovska (Ukraine)F
Felix Klein Prize: Arnulf Jentzen (Germany)
Otto Neugebauer Prize: Karine Chemla (France)
In addition, since 2021 it publishes the Magazine of the European Mathematical Society, often called EMS Magazine (ISSN 2747-7894, eISSN 2747-7908), formerly known as the Newsletter of the European Mathematical Society (ISSN 1027-488X) which was established in 1991. It features news and expositions of recent developments in mathematical research.   It is quarterly and open access.  The current editor-in-chief is Fernando da Costa (2020–) (succeeding Valentin Zagrebnov (2016–2020)).  The Encyclopedia of Mathematics is also sponsored by the EMS.