Economy of Belgrade Information

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_Belgrade

This article is about the economy of Belgrade, capital of Serbia.

Belgrade is located in the center of South East Europe, at the intersection of the strategic European transportation corridors Pan-European Corridor X and Pan-European Corridor VII, linking Western and Central Europe with the Middle East. It is lying at the confluence of the Sava and the Danube river.

As of 2017, the total nominal GDP of Belgrade stood at 16.21 billion euros, which equates to 9,614 euros per capita. [1]

History

Growth of investments in Belgrade

The troubled political and economic transition during the 1990s left Belgrade, like the rest of the country, severely affected by an internationally imposed trade embargo. The hyperinflation of the Yugoslav dinar, the highest inflation ever recorded in the world, [2] [3] decimated the city's economy In the competition for European cities and regions of the future in 2006 and 2007, organized by the Financial Times magazine, Belgrade was proclaimed "City of the Future in Southern Europe" on 16 March in Cannes.

The latest greenfield investments are also being increasingly realized in Zemun, the part of the city which will soon be on a par, according to investments, with New Belgrade, where the largest construction works have been carried out so far. The mayor expects foreign capital to start arriving faster in Belgrade and Serbia, which is also the precondition for the opening of new jobs and the start of new programs.

The competition for "Cities and Regions of the Future" is organized by the specialized edition of the Financial Times for foreign direct investments – FDI Magazine, and this prestigious annual award is presented for all the continents. The award also represents a recommendation of the world’s leading economic magazine for the locations where one should invest, since it is based on criteria such as economic potential, operating costs, human resources, transport, IT and telecommunication, as well as the quality of life for foreign investors.

Overview

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018): [4]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 4,240
Mining and quarrying 9,770
Manufacturing 66,611
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 8,774
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 8,362
Construction 36,785
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 121,667
Transportation and storage 43,393
Accommodation and food services 27,854
Information and communication 38,637
Financial and insurance activities 23,624
Real estate activities 3,371
Professional, scientific and technical activities 54,884
Administrative and support service activities 68,006
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 78,511
Education 40,812
Human health and social work activities 49,802
Arts, entertainment and recreation 14,570
Other service activities 15,616
Individual agricultural workers 2,728
Total 717,998

Business

In the recent years, investment climate in Belgrade and Serbia have been improved. The country is in the process of negotiating the accession to the European Union, and is the world’s leading reformer as stated by the World Bank.[ citation needed] In addition, the pace of structural reforms is ahead of that in other transition countries according to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.[ citation needed] Stocks are traded at the Belgrade Stock Exchange.

Most of notable Serbian companies are based in Belgrade, such as Air Serbia, AIK Banka, Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Delhaize Serbia, Delta Holding, Dunav osiguranje, Elektromreža Srbije, Elektroprivreda Srbije, Energoprojekt holding, Frikom, Galenika, Generali Osiguranje, Hesteel Serbia, Imlek, MK Group, Nordeus, Pošta Srbije, Putevi Srbije, Serbia Broadband, Serbian Railways, Telekom Srbija, Telenor Srbija, Yugoimport SDPR, Štark and many others.

Also, Belgrade is a regional center for AXA, [5] Carlsberg, [6] CBRE Group, [7] Delhaize Group, [8] ComTrade Group, General Electric, [9] Huawei, [10] Japan Tobacco, Kraft Foods, [11] Maquet, [12] Motorola, MTV Adria, [13] Mubadala, NCR Corporation, OMV, Procter & Gamble, [14] Samsung, IKEA, Ericsson, Colliers International, CB Richard Ellis, SNC-Lavalin, Sinohydro Corporation, [15] Société Générale, Unilever, Zepter International and many others. [16]

Intellectual capital

As a leading educational center in Serbia comprising 62 university-level institutions, Belgrade boasts well educated, fast learning, multilingual and IT literate labor force. Over 8,000 students graduate from Belgrade University every year, with 1/3 of them adding to the traditionally strong engineer base. According to the Gallup International, the percentage of English speakers is the highest in Central and Eastern Europe, and an increasing number of western business schools open their affiliates in Belgrade.

Sectors

Information Technology

With 6,924 companies in the IT sector (2013 data), Belgrade is one of the information technology centers in this part of Europe, with strong growth. [17] Microsoft Development Center Serbia, located in Belgrade, was, at the time of its establishment, the fifth such center in the world. [18] Many world IT companies choose Belgrade as regional or European center such as Asus, [19] Intel, [20] Dell, [21] Huawei, NCR [22] etc. What brought companies like Microsoft in the first place was a large pool of talented engineers and mathematicians in a lower wage country and these major investments had by 2018 generated over € Billion in exports. [23] Nordeus, a local video game startup, is one of Europe's fastest growing gaming companies. [24] In just five years of operation, Nordeus has grown to over 150 employees and €64 million of yearly sales. [25] Another local startup, FishingBooker, was founded in 2013 and now employs over 80 people. Like Nordeus, FishingBooker is a bootstrapped startup. [26] FishingBooker has been described as "the world’s largest online travel company that enables you to find and book fishing trips." [27] In just the first quarter of 2016, more than US$65 million has been raised by Serbian startups including US$45 million for Seven Bridges (a Bioinformatics firm) and US$14 million for Vast (a data analysis firm). [28] [29] Also in 2016, a Belgrade-based website AskGamblers which is generating over €810,000 in revenue and €620,000 in profits was sold to Catena Media for €15 million, all 30 employees will continue to work as normal. [30] The startup community is helped by a non profit organization called Startit which is an active community that acts as an incubator for new companies. Startit raised US$108,000 from its Kickstarter campaign in 2015, allowing it to expand its Belgrade center and build a second center in Inđija which was completed February 2016. [31] Other exiting developments include an Agriculture Drone startup that uses drones for land surveying, TeleSkin an app which can identify and track skin cancer and there was another successful Kickstarter for Hexiwear a customizable smartwatch for developers. [32] Progress in Serbian IT over the last six years has been tremendous with the fast growth only increasing as Serbia's many talented engineers, scientists and mathematicians break into this new industry where gross salaries average €2,000 per month (far more than the €600 national average). [33]

References

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  2. ^ Watkins, Thayer. "The Worst Episode of Hyperinflation in History: Yugoslavia 1993–94". Episodes of Hyperinflation. San José State University Department of Economics. Archived from the original on 7 December 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2007.
  3. ^ Taylor, Bryan. "Countries that Suffered the Greatest Inflation in the Twentieth century". The Century of Inflation. Global Financial Data. pp. 8, 10. Archived from the original ( Word document) on 8 August 2007. Retrieved 26 July 2007.
  4. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  5. ^ "Svjetski lider u osiguranju Aksa odabrao Beograd za centar regiona". Trazimkredit.com. 17 June 2011. Archived from the original on January 17, 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Beograd konkuriše Beču". Politika. 21 February 2008. Retrieved 5 May 2009.
  7. ^ "People and Offices".
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  9. ^ http://www.ekapija.com/website/sr/page/796726/Gaetano-Massara-generalni-direktor-General-Electric-za-Jugoistočnu-Evropu-Kako-gvozdeni-čovek-iz-Rima-živi-i-radi-u-Beogradu
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  22. ^ NCR planira da udvostruči broj zaposlenih u Srbiji u 2014 (in Serbian), eKapija, 24 July 2013, retrieved 4 November 2013
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  25. ^ "Подаци о обвезнику". fi.apr.gov.rs.
  26. ^ "Vukan Simić (FishingBooker): Svaki dan na posao dolazi 80 ljudi koji veruju u ono što stvaramo – to je naš najveći uspeh". Netokracija.rs. 20 May 2019.
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  28. ^ "Srpsko-američki Seven Bridges uzeo investiciju od 45.000.000$ za brži razvoj terapija za rak". 16 February 2016.
  29. ^ "Vast uzeo investiciju od 14 miliona dolara za razvoj B2C proizvoda i širenje u Beogradu". 12 February 2016.
  30. ^ "Domaći proizvod AskGamblers prodat za 15 miliona evra". 4 April 2016.
  31. ^ "Startit Centar — otvaranje na jesen". startit.rs. Archived from the original on 2015-08-01.
  32. ^ "Srpski AgroDrone razvija poljoprivredu budućnosti". 24 December 2015.
  33. ^ https://next.ft.com/content/7d899fac-3a42-11e3-9243-00144feab7de