Borders of Russia Information

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borders_of_Russia

Typical border marker of Russia

Russia, the largest country in the world, has international land borders with 14 sovereign states [1] as well as 2 narrow maritime boundaries with the United States and Japan. There are also two breakaway states bordering Russia, namely Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The country has an internationally recognized land border running 22,407 kilometres (13,923 mi) in total, [1] and has the second-longest land border of any country in the world, after China. The borders of the Russian Federation (formerly the Russian SFSR) were mostly drawn since 1956 (save for minor border changes, e.g., with China), and have remained the same after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. In 2014, Russia annexed Ukraine's Crimean peninsula in a move that remains internationally unrecognized.

As a transcontinental country in Eurasia, Russia shares borders in both Europe and Asia. Out of the 18 total land borders and maritime boundaries, 12 are in Europe and 5 are in Asia, while 1 border lies in the Bering Strait; between North America and Asia.

Overview

Russia shares borders with more countries than any other state in the world, owing to its large expanse. Both tables include two country pairs with exclusively aquatic boundaries (see below; in italics).

Table of countries and territories that have a border with Russia (listed counterclockwise around Russia). [2]

Internationally Recognized

Country Land Sea More information
  Norway 195.8 km (121.7 mi) 23.3 km (14.5 mi) Norway–Russia border
  Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) 54.0 km (33.6 mi) Finland–Russia border
  Estonia 324.8 km (201.8 mi) 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Estonia–Russia border
  Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) none Latvia–Russia border
  Lithuania 266.0 km (165.3 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Lithuania–Russia border
  Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) 32.2 km (20.0 mi) Poland–Russia border
  Belarus 1,239.0 km (769.9 mi) none Belarus–Russia border
  Ukraine 1,974.04 km (1,226.61 mi) 321 km (199 mi) Russia–Ukraine border
  Georgia 894 km (556 mi) none Georgia–Russia border
  Azerbaijan 327.6 km (203.6 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Azerbaijan–Russia border
  Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) 85.8 km (53.3 mi) Kazakhstan–Russia border
  China 4,209.3 km (2,615.5 mi) none China–Russia border
  Mongolia 3,485.0 km (2,165.5 mi) none Mongolia–Russia border
  North Korea 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 22.1 km (13.7 mi) North Korea–Russia border
  Japan (Russian claim) none 194.3 km (120.7 mi) Japan–Russia border, Kuril Islands dispute
  Japan (Japanese claim) none ?
  United States none 49.0 km (30.4 mi) USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

Actual Control

This table includes four partially recognized entities.

Country Land Sea More information
  Norway 195.8 km (121.7 mi) 23.3 km (14.5 mi) Norway–Russia border
  Finland 1,271.8 km (790.3 mi) 54.0 km (33.6 mi) Finland–Russia border
  Estonia 324.8 km (201.8 mi) 142.0 km (88.2 mi) Estonia–Russia border
  Latvia 270.5 km (168.1 mi) none Latvia–Russia border
  Lithuania 266.0 km (165.3 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Lithuania–Russia border
  Poland 204.1 km (126.8 mi) 32.2 km (20.0 mi) Poland–Russia border
  Belarus 1,239.0 km (769.9 mi) none Belarus–Russia border
  Ukraine 2,093.6 km (1,300.9 mi) 567.0 km (352.3 mi) Russia–Ukraine border
  Georgia 572.5 km (355.7 mi) none Georgia–Russia border
  Abkhazia [3] 255.4 km (158.7 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Abkhazia–Russia border
  South Ossetia [4] 70 km (43 mi) none South Ossetia–Russia border
  Azerbaijan 327.6 km (203.6 mi) 22.4 km (13.9 mi) Azerbaijan–Russia border
  Kazakhstan 7,512.8 km (4,668.2 mi) 85.8 km (53.3 mi) Kazakhstan–Russia border
  China 4,209.3 km (2,615.5 mi) none China–Russia border
  Mongolia 3,485.0 km (2,165.5 mi) none Mongolia–Russia border
  North Korea 17.3 km (10.7 mi) 22.1 km (13.7 mi) North Korea–Russia border
  Japan none 194.3 km (120.7 mi) Japan–Russia border [a]
  United States none 49.0 km (30.4 mi) USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement

Border details

Below is a list of subjects with both neighbouring regions of Russia with them, and in the neighbouring regions of foreign countries.

Northwestern Federal District

Flag of Karelia.svg Republic of Karelia

Flag of Komi.svg Komi Republic

Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast.svg Arkhangelsk Oblast

Flag of Vologda oblast.svg Vologda Oblast

Flag of Kaliningrad Oblast.svg Kaliningrad Oblast

Flag of Leningrad Oblast.svg Leningrad Oblast

Flag of Murmansk Oblast.svg Murmansk Oblast

Flag of Novgorod Oblast.svg Novgorod Oblast

Flag of Pskov Oblast.svg Pskov Oblast

Flag of Saint Petersburg.svg Saint Petersburg

Flag of Nenets Autonomous District.svg Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Volga Federal District

Southern Federal District

North Caucasian Federal District

Ural Federal District

Siberian Federal District

Far Eastern Federal District

Crimea

The status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is currently under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community consider the Crimea to be an autonomous republic of Ukraine and Sevastopol to be one of Ukraine's cities with special status, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea to be a federal subject of Russia and Sevastopol to be one of Russia's three federal cities since the March 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia. [5] [6]

In 2022, Russia declared the annexation of Ukraine's Donetsk, Kherson, Luhansk and Zaporizhia regions, which remains internationally unrecognized. [7]

Republic of Crimea

Sevastopol

See also

Notes

  1. ^ See Kuril Islands dispute for information about territorial dispute between Russia and Japan over islands occupied during World War II.

References

  1. ^ a b "Russia", The World Factbook, Central Intelligence Agency, 12 October 2022, retrieved 14 October 2022
  2. ^ "Сопредельные страны | Росграница". 13 March 2017. Archived from the original on 13 March 2017.
  3. ^ The political status of Abkhazia is disputed. Having unilaterally declared independence from Georgia in 1992, Abkhazia is formally recognised as an independent state by 5 UN member states (two other state recognised it but then withdrew its recognition), while Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own territory, designating it as Russian-occupied territory.
  4. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.
  5. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Archived from the original on 18 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Ukraine crisis: Timeline". 13 November 2014 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  7. ^ "Russia's Federation Council ratifies annexation of four Ukrainian regions". Reuters. 4 October 2022.

External links