Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color Information

From Wikipedia

Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color ( ISBN  0814103774) is a 1993 book by Washington State University Regents Professor Victor Villanueva that uses his personal history as a struggling Puerto Rican academic to initiate a broader discussion of race and language in academia. [1] [2]

The book is notable for introducing the concept of Puerto Rican rhetoric in English. [3] Villanueva initially believed the book's personal critique of the obstacles he faced as a Puerto Rican academic would "end his academic career," and later expressed surprise at its success. [4] Later academics of color have referenced the book as "significant" in conceptualizing the relationship between people of color and fluency in English. [5]


  1. ^ Casanave, Christine Pearson (2002). Writing Games: Multicultural Case Studies of Academic Literacy Practices in Higher Education. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. p. 232. ISBN  0-8058-3530-X.
  2. ^ Sanchez, Raul; Villanueva, Victor (1995). "Review of Bootstraps: From an American Academic of Color, Victor Villanueva, Jr". JAC. 15 (1): 163–168. JSTOR  20866016.
  3. ^ Stanford, Nichole E. (2016-10-14). Good God but You Smart!: Language Prejudice and Upwardly Mobile Cajuns. University Press of Colorado. ISBN  9781607325086.
  4. ^ Kirklighter, Cristina (February 2012). Traversing the Democratic Borders of the Essay. SUNY Press. ISBN  9780791488119.
  5. ^ Young, Morris (2004-03-12). Minor Re/Visions: Asian American Literacy Narratives as a Rhetoric of Citizenship. SIU Press. ISBN  9780809325542.