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References and footnotes 
Sir Edmund Taylor Whittaker was a British mathematician, physicist, historian of science, and philosopher who authored three titles that remain in circulation over a century after their initial publications. His bibliography includes several books and over one hundred published papers on a variety of subjects, including mathematics, astronomy, mathematical physics, theoretical physics, philosophy, and theism. Whittaker's bibliography in the Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society categorises his publications into three categories: books and monographs, maths and physics articles, and biographical articles; the bibliography excludes works published in popular magazines like Scientific American.^{ [1]} The bibliography includes eleven total books and monographs, fiftysix maths and physics articles, thirtyfive philosophy and history articles, and twentyone biographical articles.^{ [1]} In the bibliography compiled by William Hunter McCrea in 1957, there are thirteen books and monographs and the same journal articles; McCrea counts all three volumes of A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity as separate books and excludes the same papers.^{ [2]} Whittaker's contributions to Scientific American include two book reviews and a popular article on mathematics.
John Lighton Synge reviewed ten of Whittaker's papers when he wrote about Whittaker's contributions to electromagnetism and general relativity.^{ [3]} Among other tributes as part of the same memorial volume of the Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, George Frederick James Temple wrote about Whittaker's work on harmonic functions, and Alexander Aitken wrote about Whittaker's work on algebra and numerical analysis. Whittaker also published several biographical articles, including one for Albert Einstein written just a few months before his death.
Whittaker wrote three scientific treatises that were highly influential in their fields, A Course of Modern Analysis, Analytical Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies, and The Calculus of Observations.^{ [4]} In 1956, Gerald James Whitrow stated that two of these books, Modern Analysis and Analytical Dynamics, were not only required reading for British mathematicians but were regarded as fundamental components of their personal libraries.^{ [5]} Despite the success of these textbooks, the second edition of A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity has been called Whittaker's magnum opus.^{ [6]}^{ [5]}^{ [7]} Due to the title's popularity, William Hunter McCrea predicted that future readers would have a hard time acknowledging it was the result of just "a few years at both ends of a career of the highest distinction in other pursuits."^{ [8]} Whittaker also wrote The theory of optical instruments during his time as Royal Astronomer of Ireland and wrote several other books on various subjects throughout his career.^{ [4]}
Whittaker was the original author of the textbook A Course of Modern Analysis, first published in 1902.^{ [publication 1]} The book was reviewed by George Ballard Mathews,^{ [9]} Arthur Stafford Hathaway,^{ [10]} and Maxime Bôcher,^{ [11]} among others. The book's later editions were written in collaboration with Whittaker's former student George Neville Watson, resulting in the textbook taking the famous colloquial name Whittaker & Watson, published in 1915,^{ [publication 2]} 1920,^{ [publication 3]} and 1927.^{ [publication 4]} Reviewers of the book's later editions include Philip Jourdain,^{ [12]} Eric Harold Neville,^{ [13]} and Dorothy Maud Wrinch.^{ [14]} The book is subtitled an introduction to the general theory of infinite processes and of analytic functions; with an account of the principal transcendental functions and is a classic textbook in mathematical analysis.^{ [15]}
Whittaker's second major work, A Treatise on the Analytical Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies, was first published in 1904^{ [publication 5]} and quickly became a classic textbook in its subject.^{ [16]} The book went through four editions, published in 1917,^{ [publication 6]} 1927,^{ [publication 7]} and 1937.^{ [publication 8]} It has remained in circulation for over a hundred years.^{ [16]} The book represented the forefront of development at the time of publication; many reviewers noted it contained material otherwise nonexistent in the English language.^{ [16]} The book has received acclaim from sources other than book reviews as well, including physicist Victor Lenzen, who said in 1952 that the book was "still the best exposition of the subject on the highest possible level".^{ [17]} One hundred and ten years after its initial publication, a 2014 "biography" of the book's development noted that the book remained influential as more than a "historical document".^{ [16]}
Whittaker's third major work, A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity, From the Age of Descartes to the Close of the Nineteenth Century, was published in 1910.^{ [publication 9]} The book gives a detailed account of the history of electromagnetism and aether theories from René Descartes to Hendrik Lorentz and Albert Einstein, including the contributions of Hermann Minkowski and a chapter each devoted to Michael Faraday and James Clerk Maxwell. The book was well received and is an authoritative reference work in the history of physics; the title established Whittaker as a respected historian of science.^{ [18]} Pending the release of a second edition, the book remained out of print for many years, though it is now free to be reprinted in the United States, as it qualifies as public domain. Dover Publications released a reprint of the book in 1989.^{ [publication 10]} Along with several others, Edwin Bidwell Wilson reviewed the treatise in 1913.^{ [19]}
Whittaker's fourth major work, The Calculus of Observations a Treatise on Numerical Analysis, coauthored with George Robinson,^{ [publication 11]} was a pioneering textbook in numerical analysis that was originally published in 1923 and provides an introduction to methods of practical computation.^{ [20]} The first four chapters, on interpolation, were published separately under A Short Course in Interpolation,^{ [publication 12]} in 1924.^{ [21]} The book went through four total editions,^{ [publication 13]}^{ [publication 14]} with the fourth in 1944.^{ [publication 15]} The book received positive reviews upon its initial release.^{ [22]} It was reviewed by William Fleetwood Sheppard,^{ [21]}^{ [23]} Lewis Fry Richardson,^{ [24]} and Jack Howlett,^{ [25]} among others.^{ [26]}^{ [27]}^{ [28]}^{ [29]} Several of the book's reviewers found that it was advanced and intended mostly for mathematicians.^{ [21]}^{ [28]}^{ [24]} Some reviewers also noted that the book was the first to be devoted fully to the subject in the English language.^{ [21]}^{ [29]} Fortythree years after its initial publication, Jack Howlett reviewed a reprint of the fourth edition by Dover Publications^{ [publication 16]} in 1969 in a comparison of the book with two newer works.^{ [25]} He wrote that "one can hardly call it a modern book" and noted that the book had changed relatively little since its original print in 1924 and from the lectures that Whittaker delivered at the Edinburgh Mathematical Laboratory between 1913 and 1923.^{ [25]} He went on to remark that there are only a few useful chapters in the book concerning the calculus of finite differences and its applications, including interpolation and difference formulae, but that the rest of the book seemed "completely outmoded".^{ [25]}
Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington, one of Whittaker's former students, held philosophical views similar to Whittaker's.^{ [30]}^{ [31]} At the end of his career, Whittaker was influenced by the philosophical ideas Eddington had advocated for and, in addition to editing the latter's Fundamental Theory, he published several articles and books exploring the topic.^{ [32]} Whittaker's presentation at the 1947 Tarner Lecture was published as From Euclid to Eddington by the Cambridge University Press and his other book on the topic, Eddington's principle in the philosophy of science, was published two years later.
Whittaker edited Arthur Eddington's Fundamental Theory, which was published posthumously in 1946 by the Cambridge University Press.^{ [publication 17]} Eddington died in November 1944 and Whittaker was given the task of editing and publishing the book, which was nearly complete.^{ [32]} The book received several reviews and responses,^{ [33]} including a review by William Hunter McCrea^{ [34]} and Clive W. Kilmister.^{ [35]} Kilmister later wrote a book on the topic, titled Eddington's search for a fundamental theory, which was published by Cambridge University Press in 1994,^{ [36]} and was itself reviewed by David Kaiser,^{ [37]} among others.^{ [38]}^{ [39]}^{ [40]}
Whittaker's philosophy book From Euclid to Eddington : A study of the conceptions of the external world was published in 1949 by the Cambridge University Press.^{ [publication 18]} The book is a published lecture originating from the 1947 Tarner Lecture at Trinity College, Cambridge.^{ [32]} The volume recounts the history of the theories of natural philosophy beginning with Euclid and stretching to Eddington, including the philosophical ideas of Plato, Aristotle, and Einstein.^{ [32]} The original edition of the book received reviews from Peter Bergmann,^{ [41]} Edward Arthur Milne,^{ [42]} and Israel Monroe Levitt.^{ [43]} A 1960 reprint of the book by Dover Publications has also received reviews.^{ [44]}^{ [45]}
Whittaker spoke at the annual Arthur Stanley Eddington Memorial Lecture in 1952, which was subsequently published by American Scientist^{ [publication 19]} and Cambridge University Press.^{ [publication 20]} In the book's preface, Whittaker articulates Eddington's principle as "all the quantitative propositions of physics… may be deduced by logical reasoning from qualitative assertions".^{ [30]}^{ [31]} One reviewer noted some caveats to the interpretation and stated that Eddington would not necessarily have been satisfied with this wording.^{ [31]} The work expounded on the principle, traced its development to Gottfried Leibniz, discussed its mathematical basis, and addresses potential objections.^{ [30]} Whittaker also describes Eddington's views on universal constants. and discusses their connection to the philosophy of religion.^{ [30]} William Hunter McCrea^{ [30]} and Thomas Cowling^{ [31]} reviewed the work in 1952.
Whittaker published an extended and revised edition of his Theories of Aether in two volumes, with volume one in 1951^{ [publication 21]} and the second in 1953.^{ [publication 22]} Notwithstanding a notorious controversy on Whitaker's views on the history of special relativity, covered in volume two of the second edition, the books are considered authoritative references on the history of classical electromagnetism^{ [46]} as well as classic books in the history of physics.^{ [47]} The first volume, subtitled the classical theories, serves as a revised and updated edition of the original 1910 book.^{ [48]} Among others, Arthur Mannering Tyndall,^{ [49]} Carl Eckart,^{ [50]} Victor Lenzen,^{ [51]} William Hunter McCrea,^{ [18]} Julius Sumner Miller,^{ [52]} John Lighton Synge,^{ [53]} and Stephen Toulmin^{ [54]} reviewed the book. The second volume extended this work covering the years 1900 to 1926, including the early development of special relativity, general relativity, old quantum theory, and quantum mechanics. Among others, Max Born,^{ [55]} Freeman Dyson,^{ [56]} Rolf Hagedorn,^{ [57]} and Percy Williams Bridgman^{ [58]} reviewed the book. Whittaker's role in the relativity priority dispute centres on chapter two of the second volume, where he claims that Lorentz and Poincare had developed the theory of relativity before Einstein. Due to the controversy this sparked, the second volume is cited far less than the first volume and first edition, except in connection with the priority dispute.^{ [59]}
Title  Subject  Year  Publication^{ [2]}^{ [1]}  Identifier  Notes 

Report on the progress of the solution of the problem of three bodies  Physics— threebody problem  1899  British Association for the Advancement of Science^{ [publication 23]}  Became the core of Whittaker's 1902 A Treatise on the Analytical Dynamics of Particles and Rigid Bodies.  
The Theory of Optical Instruments Cambridge Tracts in Mathematics, No. 7 
Physics— optics  1907  Cambridge University Press^{ [publication 24]}  OCLC 976959487  Published review^{ [60]} 
Prinzipien der Störungstheorie und allgemeine Theorie der Bahnkurven in dynamischen Problemen [Principles of perturbation theory and general theory of trajectories in dynamic problem] 
Mathematics  1912  Klein's Encyclopedia of Mathematical Sciences^{ [publication 25]}  In German  
Introduction to a reprint of Isaac Newton's Opticks  History  1931  Bell and Sons^{ [publication 26]}  OCLC 1164453  Foreword written by Albert Einstein 
The Beginning and End of the World Delivered before the University of Durham at King's college, Newcastle upon Tyne in February 1942 Riddell Memorial Lecture of 1942 
Theology  1943  Oxford University Press^{ [publication 27]}  OCLC 702585376  Published reviews^{ [61]}^{ [62]} 
Space and Spirit: Theories of the Universe and the Arguments for the Existence of God 
Theology  1946  Thomas Nelson^{ [publication 28]}  ISBN 9781258916992  Published reviews^{ [63]}^{ [64]}^{ [65]} 
The modern approach to Descartes' problem; the relation of the mathematical and physical sciences to philosophy 
Philosophy— philosophy of science  1948  Thomas Nelson^{ [publication 29]}  OCLC 4732609  Published reviews^{ [66]}^{ [67]} 
Whittaker wrote many maths, physics, and astronomy articles over his career in addition to many others in subjects like history, philosophy, and theism. He also wrote several popular articles in magazines such as Scientific American as well as several book reviews. Whittaker wrote over twenty biographical articles and obituaries throughout his life, including one for Albert Einstein just a few months before his own death.^{ [68]} John Lighton Synge reviewed ten of Whittaker's papers when he wrote about Whittaker's contributions to electromagnetism and general relativity.^{ [3]} Among other tributes as part of the same memorial volume of the Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, George Frederick James Temple wrote about Whittaker's work on harmonic functions, and Alexander Aitken wrote about his work on algebra and numerical analysis.
Title  Date  Publication^{ [2]}^{ [1]}  Identifier  Topic and notes 

"On Lagrange's parentheses in the planetary theory"  1897  Messenger of Math^{ [publication 30]}  Messenger of Mathematics, p. 141, at Google Books  Dynamics.^{ [69]} Uses Lagrange brackets to obtain equations of the orbital motions of planets.^{ [69]} 
"On the connexion of algebraic functions with automorphic functions"  January 1898  Proc. R. Soc. Lond.^{ [publication 31]}  doi: 10.1098/rspl.1898.0033  Automorphic functions.^{ [70]}^{ [71]} Reviewed by Robert Alexander Rankin in 1958.^{ [70]} 
"On the reductions of the order of the differential equations of a dynamical system, by use of the integral of energy"  1900  Messenger of Math.^{ [publication 32]}  Messenger of Mathematics, p. 93, at Google Books  Dynamics.^{ [69]} Presents a general process of reducing the order of the differential equations of dynamical systems.^{ [69]} 
"On periodic orbits"  January 1902  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 33]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/62.3.186  Dynamics.^{ [69]} Presented a new method for detecting periodic orbits.^{ [69]} 
"On the solution of dynamical problems in terms of trigonometric series"  1902  Proc. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 34]}  Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, p. 206, at Google Books  Hamiltonian dynamics.^{ [69]} Presents of transformation method for solving a set of Hamiltonians in terms of trigonometric series.^{ [69]} 
"On periodic orbits in the restricted problem of three bodies"  1902  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 35]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/62.5.346a  Dynamics; threebody problem^{ [69]} 
"Note on a function analogous to Weierstrass' Sigmafunction"  1902  Messenger of Math.^{ [publication 36]}  Messenger of Mathematics, p. 145, at Google Books  Automorphic functions.^{ [70]}^{ [71]} Reviewed by Robert Alexander Rankin in 1958.^{ [70]} 
"On the General Solution of Laplace's Equation and the Equation of Wave Motions, and on an undulatory explanation of Gravity"  July 1902  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 37]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/62.9.617  Special functions of mathematical physics^{ [72]} Integral representations of harmonic functions.^{ [73]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1958.^{ [73]} Note on a general solution of Laplace's equation.^{ [72]} 
"On a new connexion of Bessel Functions with Legendre Functions"  May 1903  Proc. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 38]}  doi: 10.1112/plms/s135.1.198  Mathematical analysis.^{ [74]} Presents an integral expression for Bessel functions involving Legendre functions.^{ [74]} 
"On the functions associated with the parabolic cylinder in harmonic analysis"  May 1902  Proc. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 39]}  doi: 10.1112/plms/s135.1.417  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} 
"An expression of certain known functions as generalized hypergeometric functions"  1903  Bull. Am. Math. Soc.^{ [publication 40]}  doi: 10.1090/S000299041903010775  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Presented 31 August 1903 to the American Mathematical Society. 
"On the partial differential equations of mathematical physics"  September 1903  Mathematische Annalen^{ [publication 41]}  doi: 10.1007/BF01444290  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Integral representations of harmonic functions.^{ [73]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1958.^{ [73]} Gave a general solution of Laplace's equation.^{ [72]} 
"On an Expression of the Electromagnetic Field due to Electrons by Means of Two Scalar Potential Functions"  January 1904  Proc. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 42]}  doi: 10.1112/plms/s21.1.367  Electromagnetism.^{ [75]} His first paper over theoretical physics (aside from dynamics)^{ [75]} 
"On the distribution of energy in the continuous spectrum"  November 1906  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 43]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/67.1.85  Theory of radiation.^{ [76]} 
"On the resolving power of spectroscopes"  November 1906  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 44]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/67.1.88  Astronomy^{ [77]} 
"On the theory of capillarity"  July 1908  Proc. Royal Soc.^{ [publication 45]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1908.0060  Physics, capillary action. 
"Sunspots and solar temperature"  1908  The Observatory^{ [publication 46]}  Bibcode: 1908Obs....31..372W  Astronomy^{ [77]} 
"On the variable RW. Cassiopeiæ" Coauthored with C. Martin 
April 1911  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 47]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/71.6.511  Observational astronomy^{ [77]} 
"On the dynamical nature of the molecular vibrators which emit spectra of the banded type"  June 1911  Proc. Royal Soc.^{ [publication 48]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1911.0038  Theory of radiation^{ [76]} Dynamics^{ [69]} 
"On the law which governs the variations of SS Cygni"  June 1911  Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc.^{ [publication 49]}  doi: 10.1093/mnras/71.8.686  Observational astronomy^{ [77]} 
"On the functions associated with the elliptic cylinder in harmonic analysis"  1912  Proc V Internat. Congr. Math.^{ [publication 50]}  Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Mathematicians at the Internet Archive  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Integral representations of harmonic functions.^{ [73]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1958.^{ [73]} 
"On the general solution of Mathieu's equation"  February 1913  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 51]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500035069  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Integral representations of harmonic functions.^{ [73]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1958.^{ [73]} 
"On the continued fractions which represent the functions of Hermite and other functions defined by differential equations"  February 1913  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 52]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500035057  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]}^{ [78]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On an integralequation whose solutions are the functions of Lamé"  1914  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 53]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600017697  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} 
"On Lamé's differential equation, and ellipsoidal harmonics"  1914  Proc. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 54]}  doi: 10.1112/plms/s2_14.1.260  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} 
"On a class of Differential Equations whose solutions satisfy Integral Equations"  February 1914  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 55]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500002297  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Integral representations of harmonic functions.^{ [73]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1958.^{ [73]} 
"On the functions represented by the expansions of the interpolation theory"  1915  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 56]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600017806  Interpolation theory.^{ [79]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1956.^{ [79]} 
"A simple monogram for the solution of quadratic equations"  December 1915  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 57]}  doi: 10.1017/S1757748900001523  Algebra.^{ [78]} Paper reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1956.^{ [78]} 
"On the theory of continued fractions"  1916  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 58]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600018277  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]}^{ [78]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On the Latent Roots of Compound Determinants and Brill's Determinants"  February 1916  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 59]}  doi: 10.1017/s0013091500029631  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]}^{ [78]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On the adelphic integral of the differential equations of dynamics"  1917  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 60]}  doi: 10.1017/S037016460002352X  Dynamics.^{ [69]} Paper reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1956.^{ [69]} 
"A Formula for the Solution of Algebraic or Transcendental Equations"  February 1917  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 61]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500035288  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]}^{ [78]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On Determinants whose elements are Determinants"  February 1917  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 62]}  doi: 10.1017/S001309150003529X  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]}^{ [78]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On the numerical solution of integralequations"  June 1918  Proc. R. Soc. Lond.^{ [publication 63]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1918.0024  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]} Reviewed by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On some disputed questions of probability"  1919  Trans. Fac. Actuaries^{ [publication 64]}  doi: 10.1017/S0071368600004389  Mathematics and probability theory. Read 9 February 1920 before the Faculty of Actuaries. 
"On tubes of electromagnetic force"  1921  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 65]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600023798  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [80]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [80]} 
"On Sylvester's Dialytic Method of Elimination"  February 1921  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 66]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500036026  Algebra 
"On the quantum mechanism in the atom"  1922  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 67]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600023889  Quantum mechanics.^{ [81]} The paper received a response from R. A. Houstoun.^{ [82]} 
"On a New Method of Graduation"  February 1922  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 68]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500077853 
Algebra and
numerical analysis.^{
[7]} There was correspondence between Whittaker and
George James Lidstone on the paper.^{
[83]}^{
[publication 69]}^{
[84]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1956^{ [79]} and by Alexander Aitken in 1958^{ [7]} 
"On the theory of graduation"  1924  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 70]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600020800  Algebra and numerical analysis.^{ [7]} Reviewed by George Frederick James Temple in 1956^{ [79]} and by Alexander Aitken in 1958.^{ [7]} 
"On the adjustment of Sir J. J. Thomson's theory of light to the classical electromagnetic theory"  1926  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 71]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600021945  Theory of radiation^{ [76]} and Quantum mechanics.^{ [81]} 
"On a simple lightquantum"  November 1926  Phil. Mag.^{ [publication 72]}  doi: 10.1080/14786442608564145  Theory of radiation^{ [76]} and Quantum mechanics.^{ [81]} 
"On Hilbert's worldfunction"  January 1927  Proc. Royal Soc. A^{ [publication 73]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1927.0003  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [85]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [85]} 
"On electric phenomena in a gravitational field"  November 1927  Proc. Royal Soc. A^{ [publication 74]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1927.0160  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [86]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [86]} 
"Note on the law that lightrays are the null geodesics of a gravitational field"  January 1928  Math. Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc.^{ [publication 75]}  doi: 10.1017/S0305004100011816  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [87]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [87]} 
"The Influence of Gravitation on Electromagnetic Phenomena"  June 1928  Nature^{ [publication 76]}  doi: 10.1038/1211022a0  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [88]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [88]} 
"On the potential of electromagnetic phenomena in a gravitational field"  August 1928  Proc. Royal Soc.^{ [publication 77]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1928.0130  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [89]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [89]} 
"On the recurrenceformulae for Mathieu functions"  April 1929  J. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 78]}  doi: 10.1112/jlms/s14.14.88  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} 
"On Hyperlemniscate Functions, a Family of Automorphic Functions"  October 1929  J. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 79]}  doi: 10.1112/jlms/s14.4.274  Automorphic functions.^{ [70]}^{ [71]} Reviewed by Robert Alexander Rankin in 1958.^{ [70]} 
"On the Solution of Differential Equations by Definite Integrals"  June 1931  Proc. Edinburgh Math. Soc.^{ [publication 80]}  doi: 10.1017/S0013091500007768  Special functions of mathematical physics.^{ [72]} Algebraic analysis.^{ [90]} The published form of a "research lecture" at Edinburgh proposing a theorem on the transformation of definite integrals. Inspired subsequent work by William Ogilvy Kermack and William Hunter McCrea^{ [90]} 
"On the definition of distance in curved space, and the displacement of spectral lines of distant sources"  September 1931  Proc. Royal Soc. A^{ [publication 81]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1931.0132  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [91]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [91]} 
"On properties of null geodesics and their application to the theory of radiation" Coauthored with William Ogilvy Kermack and William Hunter McCrea 
1933  Proc. Royal Soc. Edinburgh^{ [publication 82]}  doi: 10.1017/S0370164600015479  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [92]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [92]} 
"On Gauss' theorem and the concept of mass in general relativity"  April 1935  Proc. Royal Soc. A^{ [publication 83]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1935.0069  Electromagnetism and the theory of relativity.^{ [93]}^{ [75]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [93]} 
"On the relations of the tensorcalculus to the spinorcalculus"  January 1937  Proc. Royal Soc. A^{ [publication 84]}  doi: 10.1098/rspa.1937.0003  Quantum mechanics, Electromagnetism, and the theory of relativity.^{ [94]}^{ [81]} Reviewed by John Lighton Synge in 1958.^{ [94]} 
"On Hamilton's principal function quantum mechanics"  1941  Proc. RoyalSoc. Edinburgh A^{ [publication 85]}  doi: 10.1017/S0080454100006026  Quantum mechanics.^{ [81]} 
"On the reversion of series"  1950  Gaz. Mat. Lisboa^{ [publication 86]}  Mathematical analysis.^{ [95]} Development of power series of the inverse of analytic functions near simple zeros.^{ [95]} 
Title  Date  Publication^{ [2]}^{ [1]}  Identifier  Topic and Notes 

"Newton's work on optics"  1927  The Mathematical Association^{ [publication 87]}  The Mathematical Association, p. 70, at Google Books  History of physics 
"The Outstanding Problems of Relativity"  September 1927  Science Magazine^{ [publication 88]}  doi: 10.1126/science.66.1706.223  Philosophy 
"The Outstanding Problems of Relativity"  September 1927  Nature^{ [publication 89]}  doi: 10.1038/120368a0  Philosophy 
"Eddington on the Nature of the World"  January 1929  Nature^{ [publication 90]}  doi: 10.1038/123004a0  Philosophy 
"What Is Energy?"  April 1929  The Mathematical Gazette^{ [publication 91]}  doi: 10.2307/3606954  Philosophy 
"Parallelism and teleparallelism in the newer theories of space"  January 1930  J. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 92]}  doi: 10.1112/jlms/s15.1.68  Philosophy 
"Bishop Barnes and the mathematical theorists"  1933  Dublin Review^{ [publication 93]}  
"The new background: man and the universe"  1935  Philosophy. Originally published in (1934–1935) Year–book of the Univ. Catholic Societies Federation of Great Britain, 25–33^{ [2]}  
"The relativity theory of protons and electrons"  1937  The Observatory^{ [publication 94]}  The Observatory, p. 14, at Google Books  
"A chapter on religion"  1937  The Student^{ [publication 95]}  Theology  
"The physical universe"  1940  Religion and Science^{ [publication 96]}  Theology  
"The Hamiltonian revival"  1940  Math. Gaz.^{ [publication 97]}  doi: 10.2307/3605704  There is published correspondence between Whittaker and Edward Arthur Milne over the paper.^{ [publication 98]}^{ [publication 99]}^{ [publication 100]} 
"Some disputed questions in the philosophy of the physical sciences"  May 1942  Phil. Mag.^{ [publication 101]}  doi: 10.1080/14786444208520810  Philosophy— Edington's Principle.^{ [96]} Published form of the annual address of the President to the Royal Society of Edinburgh 27 October 1941. 
"Aristotle, Newton, Einstein"  September 1943  Science Magazine^{ [publication 102]}  doi: 10.1126/science.98.2542.249  Part one of two. Published form of the annual address of the President to the Royal Society of Edinburgh 26 October 1942. The lecture was reviewed by C. D. Hardie Spring 1943.^{ [97]} 
"Aristotle, Newton, Einstein II"  September 1943  Science Magazine^{ [publication 103]}  doi: 10.1126/science.98.2543.267  Part two of two. Published form of the annual address of the President to the Royal Society of Edinburgh 26 October 1942. The lecture was reviewed by C. D. Hardie Spring 1943.^{ [97]} 
"The aether: past and present"  1943  Endeavour^{ [publication 104]}  History of the aether  
"The earth, and the sun, from Copernicus to Galileo"  1943  Prisoners of War News^{
[publication 105]} ( British Red Cross Society) 
History of Solar System models  
"Chance, freewill and necessity, in the scientific conception of the universe"  1943  Proc. Phys. Soc.^{ [publication 106]}  doi: 10.1088/09595309/55/6/303  Determinism and free will.^{ [98]} Presented at the Twentyseventh Guthrie Lecture on 18 May 1943. There was published correspondence over the theme of the work and a comparison to another lecture.^{ [99]}^{ [100]}^{ [101]}^{ [publication 107]} 
"The new physics and metaphysical materialism"  1943  Proc. Arist. Soc.^{ [publication 108]}  JSTOR 4544379  Philosophy. Published Symposium, other speakers were Susan Stebbing, J. H. Jeans, and R. B. Braithwaite 
"The new algebras, and their significance for physics and philosophy"  December 1943  Phil. Mag.^{ [publication 109]}  doi: 10.1080/14786444408520865  Reviewed by Alonzo Church in June 1944.^{ [102]} 
"Old and new ideas of gravitation"  1944  Endeavour^{ [publication 110]}  History of physics  
"The new physics and the philosophy of Catholics"  1944  The Month^{ [publication 111]}^{ [publication 112]}  Theology  
"Spin in the universe"  1945  Royal Society of Edinburgh  Philosophy. Originally published in the 1945 Year Book of the Royal Society of Edinburgh pages 5–13^{ [2]} The publication was the result of the annual presidential address to the Royal Society of Edinburgh, where Whittaker discussed the "spin of the universe" on 23 October 1944. The work was reviewed in Nature in May of the next year^{ [103]}  
"The sequence of ideas in the discovery of quaternions"  1945  Proc. Royal Irish Acad.^{ [publication 113]}  JSTOR 20520633  History of physics and mathematics 
"Eddington's theory of thee constants of nature"  October 1945  The Mathematical Gazette^{ [publication 114]}  doi: 10.2307/3609461  Philosophy 
"The mind behind material nature"  1946  The Listener^{ [publication 115]}  Philosophy and theism^{ [104]} Made the front cover of the weekly BBC magazine The Listener.^{ [104]}  
"Whitehead's Collected Essays"  September 1947  Nature^{ [publication 116]}  doi: 10.1038/160415a0  Collected papers of Alfred North Whitehead. 
"The concept of nature, from Copernicus to Newton"  1946  Advanced Science^{ [publication 117]}  History of philosophy 
Book  Author  Identifier  Review date  Review publication  Review doi 

Partial Differential Equations of Mathematical Physics  Bateman, Harry 
Cambridge University Press (1932) 
June 1932  Nature^{ [publication 146]}^{ [105]}^{ [106]}  doi: 10.1038/129850a0 
God and the Astronomers  Inge, William Ralph 
Longmans, Green & Co (1933) ISBN 9781376169393 
December 1933  The Cambridge Review^{ [publication 147]}  
Relativity, Gravitation and Worldstructure  Milne, Edward Arthur 
Oxford University Press (1935) OCLC 1319934 
1935  The Observatory^{ [publication 148]}  The Observatory, p. 179, at Google Books 
The Methodology of Pierre Duhem  Lowinger, Armand 
Columbia University Press (1941) ISBN 9780404040581 
February 1943  Math. Gaz.^{ [publication 149]}  doi: 10.2307/3605677 

Greenwood, Thomas 

March 1944  Nature^{ [publication 150]}  doi: 10.1038/153268a0 
Fact and Fiction in Modern Science  Gill, Henry V. 
M. H. Gill and Son (1943) 
September 1944  Nature^{ [publication 151]}  doi: 10.1038/154351a0 
Experiment and theory in physics  Born, Max 
Cambridge University Press (1944) ISBN 9781107665668 
October 1944  Blackfriars^{ [publication 152]}  JSTOR 43701059 
The Philosophy of Bertrand Russell Library of Living Philosophers (Vol. 5) 
Schilpp, Paul Arthur 
Library of Living Philosophers (1944) ISBN 9780875481388 
February 1945  Nature^{ [publication 153]}  doi: 10.1038/155128a0 
The Idea of Nature  Collingwood, R. G. 
Oxford University Press (1945) ISBN 9780195002171 
November 1945  Philosophy^{ [publication 154]}  doi: 10.1017/S0031819100026565 
Philosophic Foundations of Quantum Mechanics  Reichenbach, Hans 
Cambridge University Press (1944) ISBN 9780520047655 
September 1946  Nature^{ [publication 155]}  doi: 10.1038/158356a0 
The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences 
Clifford, William Kingdon Edited by Karl Pearson Introduction by James R. Newman 
Alfred A. Knopf (1946) 
February 1947  Nature^{ [publication 156]}  doi: 10.1038/159248a0 
The Mathematics of Great Amateurs  Coolidge, Julian Lowell 
Oxford University Press (1949) 
September 1949  Nature^{ [publication 157]}  doi: 10.1038/164374a0 
Natural Philosophy of Cause and Chance  Born, Max 
Oxford University Press (1949) ISBN 9780353292680 
January 1950  Scientific American^{ [publication 158]}  doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican015056 
Some Problems in Natural Philosophy 
Weyl, Hermann. Translated by Olaf Helmer 
Princeton University Press (1949) 
June 1950  Nature^{ [publication 159]}  doi: 10.1038/165865a0 
Albert Einstein: philosopherscientist Library of Living Philosophers (Vol. 7) 
Schilpp, Paul Arthur 
Library of Living Philosophers (1949) ISBN 9788832820232 
May 1950  Scientific American^{ [publication 160]}  doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican055056 
Title  Date  Publication  DOI  Notes 

"Mathematics at the British Association"  October 1900  Nature^{ [publication 161]}  doi: 10.1038/062561a0  
"Recent Researches on Space, Time, and Force"  1910  J. London Math. Soc.^{ [publication 162]}  Recent Researches on Space, Time, and Force  
"Mathematics"  September 1950  Scientific American^{ [publication 163]}  doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican095040  Gives a short account of the state of mathematics at the time of publication; discusses mathematical logic and the Principia Mathematica, along with Giuseppe Peano, Kurt Gödel, and intuitionism.^{ [107]} 
"Religion and the nature of the universe"  June 1950  The Listener^{ [publication 164]}  Philosophy and theism.^{ [104]} Made the front cover of the weekly BBC magazine The Listener.^{ [104]} A response to Fred Hoyle's series in the same magazine that was later published as The nature of the universe: a series of broadcast lectures in 1950.^{ [104]}  
"Energy and Eternity"  October 1950  American Vogue^{ [publication 165]}  Philosophy and theism.^{ [104]} Reprint of "Religion and the nature of the universe" originally published in The Listener.^{ [104]}  
"Are there eternal truths?"  August 1952  The Listener^{ [publication 166]}  Philosophy and theism.^{ [104]} Made the front cover of the weekly BBC magazine The Listener.^{ [104]}  
"G. F. FitzGerald"  November 1953  Scientific American^{ [publication 167]}  doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican115393  
"William Rowan Hamilton"  May 1954  Scientific American^{ [publication 168]}  doi: 10.1038/scientificamerican055482  Julius Sumner Miller published a response to the biography in August of the same year.^{ [108]} 
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The story of the development of our understanding of electricity and magnetism is, of course, much longer and richer than the mention of a few names from one century would indicate. For a detailed account of the fascinating history, the reader should consult the authoritative volumes by Whittaker