Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil

From Wikipedia
Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil
Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil's portrait on Stela 51, dated to 731 [1]
King of Calakmul [2]
Predecessor Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ
Successor Wamaw Kʼawiil
Born Calakmul
SpouseLady of Stela 54 [3]
IssueDaughter, Queen of La Corona [4]
Wamaw Kʼawiil (possibly)
Lady Eveningstar, Queen of Yaxchilán (possibly)
Father Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ
Religion Maya religion

Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil[ pronunciation?] (reigned >702-731>) was a Maya ruler [5] of the Kaan kingdom ( Calakmul). [6]


Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil erected many stelae to celebrate the period ending of 702. [7] Although activity within the site is not necessarily an indicator of the strength of external relations, in the same year a variant of Tookʼ Kʼawiil's name appears in a text at Dos Pilas [8] (in external references including this one, he is called "Scroll-head Kʼawiil", one of a confusing series of alternatives and abbreviations for this king in the glyphic record). This suggests that Calakmul's sphere of influence had at least to some extent survived the Tikal victory or recovered from it.

El Peru, as well, is known to have remained a vassal, with Tookʼ Kʼawiil supervising the accession of a new ruler of that site at some unknown date; and the continuing loyalty of Naranjo is suggested by the fact that as late as 711, a king there is still professing his allegiance to the late Yuknoom Yichʼaak Kʼahkʼ. [9]

The kʼatun ending in 731 saw an even more impressive spate of monument erection by Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil; before looters sawed off their faces in the 1960s, the stelae erected at the base of Structure 1 were the finest surviving sculptures from Calakmul. The magnificent Stela 51, a depiction of Yuknoom, survives in the National Museum of Anthropology in Mexico City.

The inference that Calakmul had fully recovered its bygone vitality, however, is belied by an altar [10] at Tikal showing a bound Calakmul prisoner; this dates to between 733 and 736 and is paired with a stela bearing the latter date. [11] Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil may be named in the damaged caption, and Wamaw Kʼawiil is known to have replaced him on the throne in 736. [12]


Wife of Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil was possibly Lady of Stela 54.

A daughter of Yuknoom Tookʼ Kʼawiil married a lord of La Corona in 721.


  1. ^ Martin & Grube 2000 p.113.
  2. ^ The Ancient Maya, 6th Edition by Robert J. Sharer,Loa P. Traxer
  3. ^ http://www.famsi.org/mayawriting/calvin/royal_dynasties_i.pdf [Kings] of Calakmul
  4. ^ Maya queens and princesses
  5. ^ Maya Kings[ dead link]
  6. ^ Braswell, Geoffrey E.; Gunn, Joel D.; Dominguez Carrasco, María del Rosario; Folan, William J.; Fletcher, Laraine A.; Morales López, Abel; Glascock, Michael D. (2005). "Defining the Terminal Classic at Calakmul, Campeche". In Arthur A. Demarest; Prudence M. Rice; Don S. Rice (eds.). The Terminal Classic in the Maya lowlands: Collapse, transition, and transformation. Boulder: University Press of Colorado. pp.  162–194. ISBN  0-87081-822-8. OCLC  61719499.
  7. ^ Martin and Grube 2008:112
  8. ^ Martin & Grube 2000, pp.111-112.
  9. ^ Travel Cancun : Cozumel, Playa del Carmen, Tulum, Xcaret, Mexican Riviera, and Yucatan Peninsula. This illustrated Travel Guide is designed for optimal navigation on Kindle and other electronic devices.
  10. ^ Martin & Grube 2000, p.113.
  11. ^ Jones and Linton Satterthwaite (1982)
  12. ^ Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens by Simon Martin and Nikolai Grube (2008:112-113)