|Christianity (mostly Anglicanism and Presbyterianism)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Welsh, Scottish Australians, Irish Australians, English Australians, Welsh New Zealanders, Welsh Argentines, Welsh Americans, Welsh Canadians|
The name Jones, which is often considered distinctively Welsh, is one of most-common surnames in Australia, accounting for over 1% of Australians, which suggests a higher rate of Welsh ancestry than indicated by self-identification.
A 1996 study gives the total ethnic strength of Welsh Australians as 243,400. This is made up by 44,100 of un-mixed origin and 683,700 of mixed origin.  This would make the Welsh the fifth largest Anglo-Celtic group in Australia after the English, Irish, Scottish and Cornish.
It is believed that the eastern coast of Australia reminded Captain James Cook of the coast of South Wales (especially the Vale of Glamorgan coast, which he knew), hence the name he gave to it, "New South Wales". The first European colony in Australia was in New South Wales, beginning with the First Fleet of 1788. Welsh people numbered amongst these first settlers, and continued to arrive in the new colony through the British policy of penal transportation that was implemented for many criminal acts.
Mass emigration from Wales to Australia began in the nineteenth century with New South Wales and Victoria being popular destinations. Nineteenth-century Welsh settlers were mostly farmers, followed later by gold diggers and coal miners.
A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, and the Eureka Stockade rebellion in 1854 was an early expression of nationalist sentiment. Amongst its leaders was the Welsh-born Chartist John Basson Humffray, one of a significant group of immigrants that came over from Wales at this time.
|Name||Born-Died||Notable for||Connection with Australia||Connection with Wales|
|Tony Abbott||1957–||former prime minister||has lived in Australia since he was three years old||born in England and maternal grandmother was Welsh|
|James Atkin, Baron Atkin of Aberdovey (also known as Lord Atkin)||1867–1944||lawyer and judge||born in Australia||grew up in Wales from age 4; always thought of himself as Welsh|
|John Beard||1943–||artist||lives in Australia||born in Wales|
|Edgeworth David||1858–1934||geologist and explorer (discovered the Hunter Valley coalfield)||spent most of his life in Australia||born in Wales|
|Stella Donnelly||1992–||Musician||Moved to Australia at age ten||born in Wales|
|Hughie Edwards||1914–1982||senior officer in the RAF, former governor of Western Australia, recipient of Victoria Cross, most highly decorated serviceman of WW2||Born in Australia||Welsh parents|
|Tyson Frizell||1991–||Rugby League footballer||Born in Australia||Welsh father|
|Julia Gillard||1961–||Former prime minister||Migrated to Australia at age five||born in Wales|
|Samuel Griffith||1845–1920||former premier of Queensland, chief justice of the High Court; principal author of the Constitution of Australia||migrated to Australia in 1853||born in Wales|
|Rolf Harris||1930–||artist, entertainer and convicted child sex offender||born in Australia, lived in the United Kingdom since 1953||Welsh parents|
|Billy Hughes||1862–1952||former prime minister||migrated to Australia 1884||Welsh parents|
|Jean Jenkins||1938–||former senator||migrated to Australia 1969||Welsh parents and upbringing|
|Joseph Jenkins||1818–1898||diarist, poet and swagman||resident in Australia 1869-1894||born in Wales|
|Andrew Johns||1974–||Rugby League footballer||born in Australia, represented New South Wales and Australia||Welsh grandfather|
|David Jones (merchant)||1793–1873||retailer and businessman||set up his business in Australia||born in Wales|
|T. Harri Jones||1921–1965||poet and lecturer||migrated to Australia||born in Wales|
|John McCarthy||1967–||Australian rules footballer||migrated to Australia||born in Wales|
|Dannii Minogue||1971–||singer and entertainer||born in Australia||mother born in Wales|
|Kylie Minogue||1968–||singer and actress||born in Australia||mother born in Wales|
|Alf Morgans||1850–1933||former premier of Western Australia||moved to Australia in 1896||born in Wales|
|Thomas Price (South Australian politician)||1852–1909||former premier of South Australia||moved to Australia in 1883||born in Wales|
|Naomi Watts||1968–||actress||moved to Australia when she was 15||lived in Wales between the ages of seven and 14; mother's parents Welsh|
|Rhys Williams||1988–||professional soccer player||born in and grew up in Australia; member of the Socceroos in 2009–2010||Welsh grandparents on his father's side; played for the Welsh under-21 team  |
- "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia". 2006 census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original (Microsoft Excel download) on March 10, 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
- "20680-Country of Birth of Person (full classification list) by Sex - Australia" (Microsoft Excel download). 2006 census. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- James Jupp (1 October 2001). The Australian People: An Encyclopedia of the Nation, Its People and Their Origins. Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-521-80789-0.
- "Rhys Williams opts to play for Australia instead of Wales". Herald Sun. 2009-05-12. Retrieved 2009-05-12.[ dead link]
- "Introducing Rhys Williams". Middlesbrough F.C. Archived from the original on 2007-09-20. Retrieved 2009-05-31.