Wakayama Prefecture

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wakayama_Prefecture
Wakayama Prefecture
和歌山県
Japanese transcription(s)
 •  Japanese和歌山県
 •  RōmajiWakayama-ken
Flag of Wakayama Prefecture
Official logo of Wakayama Prefecture
Location of Wakayama Prefecture
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshū
Capital Wakayama (city)
Subdivisions Districts: 6, Municipalities: 30
Government
 •  Governor Yoshinobu Nisaka
Area
 • Total4,724.69 km2 (1,824.21 sq mi)
Area rank 30th
Population
 (1 October 2017)
 • Total944,320
 • Rank 39th
 • Density199.87/km2 (517.7/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-30
Website www.wakayama.lg.jp/
english/
Symbols
BirdJapanese white-eye ( Zosterops japonica)
Flower Ume blossom (Prunus mume)
TreeUbame oak (Quercus phillyraeoides)

Wakayama Prefecture ( 和歌山 , Wakayama-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. [1]: 1026  Wakayama Prefecture has a population of 944,320 (as of 1 October 2017) and has a geographic area of 4,724 square kilometres (1,824  sq mi). Wakayama Prefecture borders Osaka Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture and Nara Prefecture to the northeast.

Wakayama is the capital and largest city of Wakayama Prefecture, with other major cities including Tanabe, Hashimoto, and Kinokawa. [2]: 1025  Wakayama Prefecture is located on the western coast of the Kii Peninsula on the Kii Channel, connecting the Pacific Ocean and Seto Inland Sea, across from Tokushima Prefecture on the island of Shikoku.

History

Present-day Wakayama is mostly the western part of the province of Kii. [3]

1953 flood disaster

On July 17–18, 1953, a torrential heavy rain occurred, followed by collapse of levees, river flooding and landslides in a wide area. Many bridges and houses were destroyed. According to an officially confirmed report by the Government of Japan, 1,015 people died, with 5,709 injured and 7,115 houses lost.[ citation needed]

Geography

Map of Wakayama Prefecture.
     City      Town      Village

As of 31 March 2020, 13 percent of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Setonaikai and Yoshino-Kumano National Parks; Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Kōya-Ryūjin Quasi-National Parks; and Enju Kaigan, Hatenashi Sanmyaku, Hikigawa, Jōgamori Hokodai, Kōyasanchō Ishimichi-Tamagawakyō, Kozagawa, Nishiarida, Oishi Kōgen, Ōtōsan, Ryūmonzan, Shiramisan-Wadagawakyō, and Shirasaki Kaigan Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Cities

Nine cities are in Wakayama Prefecture:

Name Area (km2) Population Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Arida, Wakayama.svg Arida 有田市 36.91 27,963 Arida in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Gobo Wakayama.JPG Gobō 御坊市 43.78 27,483 Gobo in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hashimoto, Wakayama.svg Hashimoto 橋本市 130.31 62,941 Hashimoto in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Iwade, Wakayama.svg Iwade 岩出市 38.5 53,280 Iwade in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kainan Wakayama.JPG Kainan 海南市 101.18 51,112 Kainan in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kinokawa Wakayama.JPG Kinokawa 紀の川市 228.24 61,850 Kinokawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shingu, Wakayama.svg Shingū 新宮市 255.43 26,815 Shingu in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Tanabe, Wakayama.png Tanabe 田辺市 1,026.91 70,410 Tanabe in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Wakayama, Wakayama.svg Wakayama (capital) 和歌山市 210.25 360,664 Wakayama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Name Area (km2) Population District Type Map
Rōmaji Kanji
Flag of Aridagawa, Wakayama.svg Aridagawa 有田川町 351.77 26,245 Arida District Town Aridagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hidaka Wakayama.JPG Hidaka 日高町 46.42 7,666 Hidaka District Town Hidaka in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hidakagawa, Wakayama.svg Hidakagawa 日高川町 331.61 9,615 Hidaka District Town Hidakagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Hirogawa Wakayama.JPG Hirogawa 広川町 65.35 7,059 Arida District Town Hirogawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Inami Wakayama.svg Inami 印南町 113.63 7,949 Hidaka District Town Inami in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kamitonda Wakayama.svg Kamitonda 上富田町 57.49 15,047 Nishimuro District Town Kamitonda in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Katsuragi Wakayama.JPG Katsuragi かつらぎ町 151.73 16,686 Ito District Town Katsuragi in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kimino Wakayama.svg Kimino 紀美野町 128.31 8,989 Kaisō District Town Kimino in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kitayama Wakayama.svg Kitayama 北山村 48.21 432 Higashimuro District Village Kitayama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Koya Wakayama.JPG Kōya 高野町 137.08 3,279 Ito District Town Koya in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kozagawa Wakayama.JPG Kozagawa 古座川町 294.52 2,749 Higashimuro District Town Kozagawa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kudoyama Wakayama.JPG Kudoyama 九度山町 44.19 4,295 Ito District Town Kudoyama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Kushimoto Wakayama.JPG Kushimoto 串本町 135.78 16,243 Higashimuro District Town Kushimoto in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Mihama Wakayama.JPG Mihama 美浜町 12.79 7,391 Hidaka District Town Mihama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Minabe, Wakayama.svg Minabe みなべ町 120.26 12,561 Hidaka District Town Minabe in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Nachikatsuura, Wakayama.svg Nachikatsuura 那智勝浦町 183.45 17,261 Higashimuro District Town Nachikatsuura in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Shirahama Wakayama.svg Shirahama 白浜町 201.04 23,325 Nishimuro District Town Shirahama in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Susami Wakayama.JPG Susami すさみ町 174.71 4,011 Nishimuro District Town Susami in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Taiji Wakayama.JPG Taiji 太地町 5.96 3,428 Higashimuro District Town Taiji in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yuasa Wakayama.JPG Yuasa 湯浅町 20.8 11,960 Arida District Town Yuasa in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg
Flag of Yura Wakayama.JPG Yura 由良町 30.74 5,738 Hidaka District Town Yura in Wakayama Prefecture Ja.svg

Mergers

Demographics

Since 1996, population of Wakayama Prefecture has kept declining, and since 2010, it has been the only prefecture in Kansai region with population below 1,000,000. In 2017, Wakayama is ranked 40th by population in Japan with a population of 944,320.

Politics

List of Governor of Wakayama (1947 to present)

Culture

Mount Kōya (高野山, Kōya-san) in the Ito District is the headquarters of the Shingon sect of Japanese Buddhism. It is home to one of the first Japanese style Buddhist temples in Japan and remains a pilgrimage site and an increasingly popular tourist destination as people flock to see its ancient temples set amidst the towering cedar trees at the top of the mountain. The Sacred sites and pilgrimage routes in the Kii Mountain Range extend for miles throughout the prefecture and together have been recognized as Japan's 11th UNESCO World Heritage Site. [5]

The Kumano Shrines are on the southern tip of the prefecture. Tomogashima (a cluster of four islands) is part of the prefecture.

Agriculture

Orange

Wakayama Prefecture ranks first in the production of oranges in Japan. Wakayama has its own brand of oranges, which is produced in Arida District and called 'Arida-Orange'. Arida District, where oranges have been produced for more than 400 years, [6] yields about half of the orange crops in Wakayama today. [7] Furthermore, the yield of Arida-Oranges accounts for about 10 percent of Japanese domestic production of oranges. [8]

Japanese apricot (Ume)

According to the survey by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of Japan, Wakayama stands first in the production of Japanese apricots (, Ume) in Japan. As of 2016, Wakayama made up about 70 percent of Japanese domestic production of Japanese apricots. [9]

Sister relationships

Wakayama Prefecture has friendship and sister relationships with seven places outside Japan: [10] Richmond, Canada; Shandong, People's Republic of China; Pyrénées-Orientales, France; Florida, United States; Sinaloa, Mexico; Bakersfield, California and Galicia, Spain.

Tourism

Wakayama Prefecture has hot springs such as Shirahama, Kawayu, and Yunomine Onsen.

Transportation

Rail

Road

Expressway

  • Hanwa Expressway
  • Keinawa Expressway
  • Yuasa Gobo Road
  • Nachi Katsuura Road

National Highway

Ferry

Airport

Education

Universities

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Wakayama prefecture" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 1026, p. 1026, at Google Books; "Kansai" in p. 477, p. 477, at Google Books.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Wakayama" in p. 1025, p. 1025, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" in p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ 自然公園都道府県別面積総括 [General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture] (PDF) (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  5. ^ UNESCO.org
  6. ^ 今月の旬 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  7. ^ 農林水産 特産品 Wakayama Prefecture website, accessed May 31, 2017
  8. ^ 有田みかんについて JA Arida website, accessed May 31, 2017
  9. ^ 作況調査(果樹): 農林水産省 The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries website, accessed June 1, 2017
  10. ^ 友好・姉妹提携 Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine Wakayama Prefecture website, retrieved May 16, 2008

References

External links


WAKAYAMA PREFECTURE Latitude and Longitude:

34°3′N 135°21′E / 34.050°N 135.350°E / 34.050; 135.350