Van Gogh self-portrait (1889)
|Artist||Vincent van Gogh|
|Medium||Oil on canvas|
|Dimensions||65 cm × 54 cm (26 in × 21 in)|
|Location||Musée d'Orsay, Paris|
Dutch Post-Impressionist painter Vincent van Gogh painted a self-portrait in oil on canvas in September 1889. The work, which may have been Van Gogh's last self-portrait, was painted shortly before he left Saint-Rémy-de-Provence in southern France.    The painting is now at the Musée d'Orsay in Paris. 
This self-portrait was one of about 32 produced over a 10-year period, and these were an important part of his work as a painter;   he painted himself because he often lacked the money to pay for models.  He took the painting with him to Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris, where he showed it to Dr. Paul Gachet, who thought it was "absolutely fanatical".  
Art historians are divided as to whether this painting or Self-portrait without beard is Van Gogh's final self-portrait. The art historians Ingo F. Walther and Jan Hulsker consider this to be the last, with Hulsker considering that it was painted in Arles following Van Gogh's admission to hospital after mutilating his ear, while Ronald Pickvance thinks Self-portrait without beard was the later painting.  
Van Gogh sent the picture to his younger brother, the art dealer Theo; an accompanying letter read: "You will need to study [the picture] for a time. I hope you will notice that my facial expressions have become much calmer, although my eyes have the same insecure look as before, or so it appears to me." 
Walther and Rainer Metzger consider that "the picture is not a pretty pose nor a realistic record ... [it is] one that has seen too much jeopardy, too much turmoil, to be able to keep its agitation and trembling under control."  According to Beckett the dissolving colours and same time turbulent patterns signal a feeling of strain and pressure, symbolising the artist's state of mind, which is under a mental, physical and emotional pressure. 
The Musée d'Orsay in Paris, who obtained the picture in 1986,  consider that "the model's immobility contrasts with the undulating hair and beard, echoed and amplified in the hallucinatory arabesques of the background." 
Another self-portrait from 1889, often called the Oslo self-portrait because it is owned by the Nasjonalmuseet in Norway,  was authenticated in 2020 by the Van Gogh Museum.  This painting, with the artist looking sideways, was painted while the artist was in the asylum in Saint-Rémy and is "unmistakeably" his work. Experts believe it was painted after Van Gogh's letter of 22 August 1889, which indicated that he was still "disturbed" but ready to begin painting again. It was completed prior to his letter of 20 September 1889, in which Van Gogh referred to the self-portrait as "an attempt from when I was ill". 
The Museum's report stated that "The Oslo self-portrait depicts someone who is mentally ill; his timid, sideways glance is easily recognisable and is often found in patients suffering from depression and psychosis". 
- "Vincent Van Gogh: Self-portrait". Musée d'Orsay. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Walther 2000, p. 74.
- "Van Goghself-portrait". www.google.com.
- "Musée d'Orsay: Vincent van Gogh Self-Portrait". www.musee-orsay.fr. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- "Vincent's Self-Portraits". Van Gogh Museum. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- Denvir 1994, p. 100.
- Pickvance 1986, p. 130.
- Walther 2000, p. 72.
- Walther & Metzger 2000, p. 72.
- Beckett (1994), p. 273
- "Vincent Van Gogh: Portrait de l'artiste". Musée d'Orsay. Retrieved 23 February 2015.
- "Gloomy Van Gogh self-portrait in Oslo gallery confirmed authentic". the Guardian. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
- "Contested Self-Portrait (1889) in the Nasjonalmuseet Oslo Really is a Van Gogh". Van Gogh Museum. Retrieved 18 June 2021.
"Experts Conclude That This Odd Self-Portrait of Vincent van Gogh Giving the Side Eye Really Is by the Dutch Master".
Artnet. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
an authentic work by the Dutch master. Extensive research conducted by the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam ... while he was suffering from psychosis.
- "Gloomy Van Gogh self-portrait in Oslo gallery confirmed authentic". The Guardian. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 21 January 2020.
- Beckett, Wendy (1994), The Story of Painting, The Essential Guide to the History of Western Art, Dorling Kidersley, ISBN 978-0751301335
- Denvir, Bernard (1994). Vincent: The Complete Self-Portraits. Philadelphia, PA: Running Press. ISBN 978-0-7624-0094-2.
- Pickvance, Ronald (1986). Van Gogh in Saint-Rémy and Auvers. New York: Abrams. ISBN 0-87099-477-8.
- Walther, Ingo; Metzger, Rainer (2000). Van Gogh: The Complete Paintings. Cologne: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-1215-0.
- Walther, Ingo (2000). Van Gogh. Cologne: Taschen. ISBN 978-3-8228-6322-0.