Tropical Eastern Pacific

From Wikipedia
School of goatfish off the coast of the Galápagos Islands, Ecuador

The Tropical Eastern Pacific is one of the twelve marine realms that cover the shallow oceans of the world. The Tropical Eastern Pacific extends along the Pacific Coast of the Americas, from the southern tip of the Baja California Peninsula in the north to northern Peru in the south.It also includes a number of islands and island groups, including the Galápagos, Revillagigedo, Cocos, and Clipperton. It is bounded on the north by the Temperate Northern Pacific realm, and on the south by the Temperate South America realm.

The WWF and Nature Conservancy divide the Tropical Eastern Pacific realm into two marine provinces, Tropical East Pacific and Galápagos, which are further subdivided into marine ecoregions.



  • Spalding, Mark D., Helen E. Fox, Gerald R. Allen, Nick Davidson et al. "Marine Ecoregions of the World: A Bioregionalization of Coastal and Shelf Areas". Bioscience Vol. 57 No. 7, July/August 2007, pp. 573–583. [1]