Triton cockatoo

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Triton_cockatoo

Triton cockatoo
Triton cockatoo (Cacatua galerita triton), Gembira Loka Zoo, Yogyakarta, 2015-03-15 04.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Genus: Cacatua
Species:
Subspecies:
C. g. triton
Trinomial name
Cacatua galerita triton
Temminick, 1849

The Triton cockatoo (Cacatua galerita triton) is one of the four subspecies of the sulphur-crested cockatoo. [1] [2] The cockatoo was first described by Dutch zoologist, Coenraad Jacob Temminck, in 1849. There is no documentation as to why Temminck selected this name however it is suggested that it was named after the Dutch corvette, Triton, which operated off the Dutch New Guinea coastline, in 19th century. [3]

It is considered a pest in its natural habitat. [4]

Description

It is white, with a large yellow crest that it can raise. It is 45–55 cm (18–22 in) long and can live up to 40 years. [5] This subspecies differs from the Australian greater sulphur-crested cockatoo in that it is smaller, with broader crest feathers and has a pale blue periophthalmic ring instead of white. [6] [7]

Distribution

It can be found across most of New Guinea and the surrounding islands, including the Western Islands, the D'Entrecasteaux Islands and the Louisiade Archipelago. [5] It can also be found throughout most of the islands in the western area of the Solomon Sea, [8] with the exception of Aru Islands. [6]

Habitat

In flight

The Triton Cockatoo is almost exclusively arboreal and are rarely found in groups numbering more than half a dozen individuals. They prefer the thick jungle forest found on hillsides and whilst most are commonly found in lower and moderate elevations they have been found in forests 1,850 m (6,070 ft) above sea level. [8] [9]

Diet

They mainly eat seeds, fruits and occasionally insects. [5]

Breeding

They are aggressive, solitary and territorial during breeding season, which is from May to September. It nests in tree cavities, like most cockatoos. They fill the nest with leaves and vines as padding and lay 2-3 eggs, which both parents incubate for approximately 26 days. [5]

References

  1. ^ "ITIS Standard Report Page: Cacatua galerita triton". www.itis.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  2. ^ "Taxonomy browser (Cacatua galerita triton)". www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 30 July 2020.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2020). The Eponym Dictionary of Birds. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN  9781472982698.
  4. ^ "Triton Cockatoos | Beauty of Birds". www.beautyofbirds.com. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  5. ^ a b c d "Triton sulphur-crested cockatoo". www.zoobarcelona.cat. Retrieved 2020-07-29.
  6. ^ a b Beehler, Bruce M.; Pratt, Thane K. (2016). Birds of New Guinea: Distribution, Taxonomy, and Systematics. Princeton University Press. p. 240. ISBN  9781400880713.
  7. ^ Harman, Ian (1981). Australian Parrots in Bush and Aviary. David & Charles. p. 190. ISBN  9780715382592.
  8. ^ a b Mulawka, Edward John (2016). The Cockatoos: A Complete Guide to the 21 Species. McFarland. p. 67. ISBN  9781476614717.
  9. ^ " Scientific American: Supplement". 35. Munn and Company. 1893: 14548. Cite journal requires |journal= ( help)