Solution stack

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In computing, a solution stack or software stack is a set of software subsystems or components needed to create a complete platform such that no additional software is needed to support applications. [1] Applications are said to "run on" or "run on top of" the resulting platform.

For example, to develop a web application the architect defines the stack as the target operating system, web server, database, and programming language. Another version of a software stack is operating system, middleware, database, and applications. [2] Regularly, the components of a software stack are developed by different developers independently from one another.

Some components/subsystems of an overall system are chosen together often enough that the particular set is referred to by a name representing the whole, rather than by naming the parts. Typically, the name is an acronym representing the individual components. [3]

The term "solution stack" has, historically, occasionally included hardware components as part of a final product, mixing both the hardware and software in layers of support. [4] [5]

A full-stack developer is expected to be able to work in all the layers of the stack.


OpenBSD (operating system)
C (programming language)
httpd (web server)
SQLite (database)
Elasticsearch ( search engine)
Logstash (event and log management tool)
Kibana ( data visualization)
Xen or KVM ( hypervisor)
Linux with LVM (mass-storage device management)
Distributed Replicated Block Device (storage replication)
Ganeti ( virtual machine cluster management tool)
Ganeti Web Manager (web interface)
GemStone (database and application server)
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
Smalltalk (programming language)
Seaside (web framework)
GraphQL (data query and manipulation language)
React (web application presentation)
Apollo (Data Graph Platform)
Neo4j ( database management systems)
JavaScript (programming language)
APIs (Application programming interfaces)
Markup (content)
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB ( database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python ( scripting languages)
Linux (operating system)
Apache (web server)
PostgreSQL (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
Linux (operating system)
Eucalyptus (free and open-source alternative to the Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud)
AppScale ( cloud computing-framework and free and open-source alternative to Google App Engine)
Python (programming language)
Linux (operating system)
Nginx (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
LLMP [16]
Linux (operating system)
Lighttpd (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database management systems)
Perl, PHP, or Python (scripting languages)
Linux (operating system)
Yaws (web server, written in Erlang)
Mnesia or CouchDB (database, written in Erlang)
Erlang (functional programming language)
Mac OS X (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming languages)
Apache Mesos (node startup/shutdown)
Akka (toolkit) (actor implementation)
Riak (data store)
Apache Kafka (messaging)
Apache Spark (big data and MapReduce)
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (application controller layer)
AngularJS/ Angular (web application presentation)
Node.js (web server)
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (application controller layer)
React.js (web application presentation)
Node.js (web server)
MongoDB (database)
Express.js (application controller layer)
Vue.js (web application presentation)
Node.js (web server)
Nginx (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP (programming language)
OpenACS [22]
Linux or Windows (operating system)
NaviServer (web server)
OpenACS ( web application framework)
PostgreSQL or Oracle Database (database)
Tcl (scripting language)
Prometheus (metrics and time-series)
Linkerd (service mesh)
OpenFaaS (management and auto-scaling of compute)
NATS (asynchronous message bus/queue)
Kubernetes (declarative, extensible, scale-out, self-healing clustering)
Apache Spark (big data and MapReduce)
Apache Mesos ( node startup/shutdown)
Akka (toolkit) ( actor implementation)
Apache Cassandra (database)
Apache Kafka ( messaging)
TerminusDB (scalable graph database)
React ( JavaScript web framework)
Express.js (framework for Node.js)
Windows (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming language)
Windows (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
MySQL or MariaDB (database)
PHP, Perl, or Python (programming language)
Windows Server (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
.NET ( software framework)
SQL Server (database)
Windows Server (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
SQL Server (database)
ASP.NET (web framework)
Windows Server (operating system)
Internet Information Services (web server)
Microsoft SQL Server/ PostgreSQL (database)
ASP.NET (backend web framework)
Vue.js (frontend web framework)
cross-platform (operating system)
Apache (web server)
MariaDB or MySQL (database)
PHP (programming language)
Perl (programming language)
XML database (database such as BaseX, eXist, MarkLogic Server)
XQuery (Query language)
REST ( client interface)
XForms (client)

See also


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  2. ^ Mimoso, Michael S. (24 February 2003). "Red Hat: Linux served at vertical data center dinner tables". Retrieved 2009-08-09.
  3. ^ Beal, V. (7 September 2007). "Acronym Guide to Web Stacks". Webopedia. Quinstreet, Inc. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  4. ^ Ferguson, R. (2002). Using Microsoft SharePoint Portal Server. Que Publishing. p. 616. ISBN  9780789725707.
  5. ^ Anderson, G.W. (2003). SAP Planning: Best Practices in Implementation. Sams. p. 13. ISBN  9780789728753.
  6. ^ Dzonsons, K. "BCHS Stack". Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  7. ^ Chhajed, S. (2015). "Chapter 1: Introduction to ELK Stack". Learning ELK Stack. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 1–22. ISBN  9781785886706.
  8. ^ "Ganeti installation tutorial". Ganeti Documentation. Google, Inc. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
  9. ^ Glynn, A. (3 June 2015). "A Beginners' Guide to Installing and Configuring GLASS: Gemstone 64/S Smalltalk / Seaside / Application Server / Object Database Server Environment". Horizons of Identity. Retrieved 5 July 2018.
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  12. ^ a b c d Frampton, M. (2018). Complete Guide to Open Source Big Data Stack. Apress. p. 7. ISBN  9781484221495.
  13. ^ Rittinghouse, J.W.; Ransome, J.F. (2017). Cloud Computing: Implementation, Management, and Security. CRC Press. p. PT184. ISBN  9781351615365.
  14. ^ Kaisler, S.H.; Amour, F.; Espinosa, A.; Money, W.H. (2015). Obtaining Value from Big Data for Service Delivery. Business Expert Press. p. PT69. ISBN  9781631572234.
  15. ^ "LEMP Stack Info". Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  16. ^ Johnston, C. (18 February 2009). "Setting up a LLMP Stack (Linux, Lighttpd, MySQL, PHP5) on Ubuntu 8.10". Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Solution Stack". Idiosyncratic Knowledge. 9 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2016.
  18. ^ Coucouvanis, N. (2007). "Get Your Wiki On". Mac Life (5): 83–86. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  19. ^ Wilson, E. (2018). "Chapter 1: Introduction to the MERN Stack". MERN Quick Start Guide. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 7–13. ISBN  9781787280045.
  20. ^ Sharma, A. (2018). "Chapter 1: Introducing MEVN". Full-Stack Web Development with Vue.js and Node. Packt Publishing Ltd. pp. 6–30. ISBN  9781788830775.
  21. ^ Luna, F. (2017). Programador Web Full Stack: Desarrollo frontend y backend. RedUSERS. pp. 17–18.
  22. ^ "OpenACS: What it is and why to use it". OpenACS Community. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  23. ^ "". Twitter. Retrieved 2020-10-14. External link in |title= ( help)
  24. ^ "WAMP". Softaculous Ltd. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Tutorial: Installing a WIMP Server on an Amazon EC2 Instance Running Windows Server". AWS Documentation. Amazon Web Services, Inc. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  26. ^ Evgen (28 January 2018). "How to Choose Your Technology Stack for Web Development". GBKSOFT Blog. GBKSOFT Dev LLC. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  27. ^ Sachdeva, B. (27 May 2009). "Which Web Application Stack Is Best for Me?". QuinStreet, Inc. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  28. ^ "XAMPP Apache + MariaDB + PHP + Perl". Apache Friends. Retrieved 6 July 2018.
  29. ^ McCreary, D. "XRX". Retrieved 6 July 2018.