SpaceX Crew-2

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SpaceX_Crew-2

SpaceX Crew-2
The SpaceX Crew Dragon Endeavour approaches the International Space Station (iss065e002665).jpg
Endeavour (left) approaches IDA-2 (right) during docking with the ISS
NamesUSCV-2
Mission typeISS crew transport
Operator SpaceX
COSPAR ID 2021-030A
SATCAT no.48209
Mission duration14 days (in progress)
~180 days (planned)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft Crew Dragon  Endeavour
ManufacturerSpaceX
Launch mass12,519 kg (27,600 lb)
Landing mass9,616 kg (21,200 lb)
Crew
Members
Expedition Expedition 65 / 66
Start of mission
Launch date23 April 2021, 09:49:02 UTC [1]
Rocket Falcon 9 Block 5 ( B1061.2)
Launch site Kennedy LC-39A
ContractorSpaceX
End of mission
Landing date31 October 2021 (planned)
Landing site Atlantic Ocean
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric orbit
Regime Low Earth orbit
Inclination51.66°
Docking with ISS
Docking port Harmony forward
Docking date24 April 2021, 09:08 UTC
Undocking dateAugust or September 2021
Time docked14 days (in progress)
~90 to 120 days (planned)
Docking with ISS (relocation) [a]
Docking portHarmony zenith
Docking dateAugust or September 2021 (planned)
Undocking dateOctober 2021 (planned)
Time docked60-90 days (planned)
SpaceX Crew-2 logo.png
NASA Crew-2 insignia
SpaceX Crew-2 crew.jpg
(L-R) McArthur, Pesquet, Hoshide and Kimbrough 

SpaceX Crew-2 is the second crewed operational flight of a Crew Dragon spacecraft, and its third overall crewed orbital flight. The mission was launched on 23 April 2021 at 09:49:02 UTC (5:49:02 AM EDT). [1] The Crew-2 mission transported four members of the crew to the International Space Station (ISS). [2] Crew-2 also used the same capsule as Demo-2 ( Endeavour) and used the same booster as Crew-1 (B1061.1). Endeavour docked with the International Space Station on 24 April 2021 at 09:08 UTC. [3]

Crew

On 28 July 2020, JAXA, ESA and NASA confirmed their astronaut assignments aboard this mission. [4] [5]

Prime crew
Position Astronaut
Spacecraft commander United States Shane Kimbrough, NASA
Expedition 65/ 66
Third spaceflight
Pilot United States K. Megan McArthur, NASA
Expedition 65/66
First ISS visit, second spaceflight
Mission Specialist 1 Japan Akihiko Hoshide, JAXA
Expedition 65/66
Third spaceflight
Mission Specialist 2 France Thomas Pesquet, ESA
Expedition 65/66
Second spaceflight

German astronaut Matthias Maurer was the backup for Pesquet, while Japanese astronaut Satoshi Furukawa trained as backup to Hoshide. [5] [6]

Backup crew
Position Astronaut
Spacecraft commander Not assigned
Pilot Not assigned
Mission Specialist 1 Japan Satoshi Furukawa, JAXA
Mission Specialist 2 Germany Matthias Maurer, ESA

Addition of European Robotic Arm to ISS

Artist's impression of the ERA attached to the Nauka module (left). The spare joint is attached to the Rassvet module (right).

SpaceX Crew-2 arrived at the ISS on 24 April 2021, well ahead of the launch and docking of the Nauka module launching on a Proton-M launch vehicle on 15 July 2021 that will carry a portion of the European Robotic Arm (ERA). Expedition 65 crew members will oversee the installation of Nauka and the ERA on the ISS. [7]

Mission

Megan McArthur of the Crew-2 mission seen using the same seat that her husband, Bob Behnken, used for the Crew Dragon Demo-2 mission
European Section Logo of SpaceX Crew-2 Mission Alpha represented by Thomas Pesquet

The second SpaceX operational mission in the Commercial Crew Program launched on 23 April 2021. [8] [9] The Crew Dragon Endeavour (C206), will dock to the International Docking Adapter (IDA) on the Harmony module. This mission is the first with astronauts onboard with a previously used booster rocket. [10] [11]

All crew are veteran astronauts, though this is Megan McArthur's first visit to the ISS (as her first spaceflight was a shuttle mission to the Hubble Space Telescope). Alongside the three other crew members, Megan McArthur is using the same seat of the SpaceX Crew Dragon Endeavour in this mission which her husband, Bob Behnken, used in SpaceX Demo-2 mission, the first mission of the Endeavour capsule. [12] Akihiko Hoshide will serve as the second Japanese ISS commander during his stay. [4] It is the second mission by Thomas Pesquet to the International Space Station and will be called Alpha, after Alpha Centauri, the closest star system to Earth, following the French tradition to name space missions after stars or constellations. [5]

Timeline

MET Time Date
(UTC)
Event [13]
EDT UTC
−6:40:00 11:09:00 PM 03:09:00 23 April
2021
Crew wake
−05:30:00 0:19:02 AM 04:19:02 CE launch readiness briefing
−05:00:00 0:49:02 AM 04:49:02 Launch shift on console
−04:59:59 0:49:03 AM 04:49:03 Dragon IMU align and configure for launch.
−04:30:00 1:19:02 AM 04:19:02 Dragon propellant pressurization
−04:20:00 1:29:02 AM 04:29:02 Crew weather brief
−04:10:00 1:39:02 AM 05:39:02 Crew handoff
−04:00:00 1:49:02 AM 05:49:02 Suit donning and checkouts
−03:20:00 2:29:02 AM 05:29:02 Crew walk out of Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building
−03:15:00 2:34:02 AM 05:34:02 Crew transportation to Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A) by Tesla Model X with "RECYCLE" license plate
−02:55:00 2:54:02 AM 06:54:025 Crew arrives at pad
−02:35:00 3:14:02 AM 07:14:02 Crew ingress
−02:20:00 3:29:02 AM 07:29:02 Communication check
−02:15:00 3:34:02 AM 07:34:02 Verify ready for seat rotation
−02:14:00 3:35:02 AM 07:35:02 Suit leak checks
−01:55:00 3:54:02 AM 07:54:02 Hatch close
−01:10:00 4:39:02 AM 08:39:02 ISS state upload to Dragon
−00:45:00 5:04:02 AM 09:04:02 SpaceX launch director verifies go for propellant load
−00:42:00 5:07:02 AM 09:07:02 Crew access arm retracts
−00:38:00 5:11:02 AM 09:11:02 Dragon launch escape system is armed.
−00:35:00 5:14:02 AM 09:14:02 RP-1 (rocket grade kerosene) loading begins; 1st stage LOX (liquid oxygen) loading begins.
−00:16:00 5:33:02 AM 09:33:02 2nd stage LOX loading begins.
−00:07:00 5:42:02 AM 09:42:02 Falcon 9 begins engine chill prior to launch.
−00:05:00 5:44:02 AM 09:44:02 Dragon transitions to internal power
−00:01:00 5:48:02 AM 09:48:02 Command flight computer to begin final prelaunch checks; propellant tank pressurization to flight pressure begins.
−00:00:45 5:48:17 AM 09:48:17 SpaceX launch director verifies go for launch.
−00:00:03 5:48:59 AM 09:48:59 Engine controller commands engine ignition sequence to start.
00:00:00 5:49:02 AM 09:49:02 Liftoff
+00:01:02 5:50:04 AM 09:50:04 Max Q (moment of peak mechanical stress on the rocket)
+00:02:36 5:51:38 AM 09:51:38 1st stage main engine cutoff (MECO)
+00:02:39 5:51:41 AM 09:51:41 1st and 2nd stages separate
+00:02:47 5:51:49 AM 09:51:49 2nd stage engine starts
+00:07:27 5:56:29 AM 09:56:29 1st stage entry burn
+00:08:47 5:57:49 AM 09:57:49 2nd stage engine cutoff (SECO-1)
+00:09:03 5:58:05 AM 09:58:05 1st stage landing burn
+00:09:30 5:58:32 AM 09:58:32 1st stage landing
+00:11:58 6:01:00 AM 10:01:00 Crew Dragon separates from 2nd stage
+00:13:02 6:02:04 AM 10:02:04 Dragon nosecone open sequence begins
+1/ 3:31 AM 07:31 24 April
2021
Dragon starts the final phase of the approach to the ISS. [14]
+1/03:33 05:08 AM 09:08 Soft Capture to the ISS. [15]
+1/03:33 05:20 AM 09:20 Dragon docked to the ISS. [16]
+1/05:34 7:15 AM 11:15 Hatch opened. [17]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ This relocation will happen only if Boeing Starliner comes for its 5 day OFT 2 mission within this time period otherwise this will happen a month or 30 days before arrival of SpaceX Crew-3 since this is now a Commercial Crew Program routine that for safety and efficiency that the U.S. crewed spacecrafts are docked to Harmony forward port that is the harmony port that is at the front of the ISS, according to its normal direction of travel and orientation which is easier to dock, so the crewed spacecraft docked to forward port at the start of the mission is relocated to Harmony zenith port, a space facing port at the top of the ISS approximately a month before the next spacecraft arrives due to the reason that only these two ports on the US Orbital Segment are ports with International Docking Adapter (IDA) and free Pressurized Mating Adapter (PMA), where crewed spacecraft like SpaceX Crew Dragon and Boeing Starliner can dock to ISS, while almost each of these spacecrafts need to be docked to ISS and are replaced with another spacecraft of the same type every six months[ citation needed]

References

  1. ^ a b "SpaceX's Crew-2 launch lights up the predawn sky with a spectacular show (photos)". 23 April 2021.
  2. ^ Kanayama, Lee (1 April 2021). "SpaceX and NASA entering final preparations for Crew-2 launch". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  3. ^ "SpaceX's first reused Crew Dragon docks at space station with four Crew-2 astronauts". SPACE.com. 24 April 2021.
  4. ^ a b "JAXA星出彰彦宇宙飛行士の国際宇宙ステーション(ISS)長期滞在 搭乗機決定について". jaxa.jp (in Japanese). 28 July 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Thomas Pesquet first ESA astronaut to ride a Dragon to space". ESA Science and Exploration. 28 July 2020. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  6. ^ Powell, Joel [@ShuttleAlmanac] (19 November 2020). "JAXA has announced long stay visits to the ISS for 2022 and 2023" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  7. ^ Davenport, Justin (8 April 2021). "Soyuz MS-18 launch marks 60 years of human spaceflight". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 25 April 2021.
  8. ^ Potter, Sean (5 March 2021). "NASA, SpaceX Invite Media to Next Commercial Crew Launch". NASA. Retrieved 5 March 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ Clark, Stephen (5 March 2021). "Next Crew Dragon launch set for April 22". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 5 March 2021.
  10. ^ Drake, Nadia (23 April 2021). "SpaceX launches first astronauts on a reused rocket". National Geographic. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  11. ^ Thompson, Amy (23 April 2021). "SpaceX launches 4 astronauts to space station, nails rocket landing". SPACE.com. Retrieved 23 April 2021.
  12. ^ "Megan to reuse Bob's demo-2 seat in crew-2 mission". aljazeera.com. 20 April 2020.
  13. ^ "Mission Timeline for Launch Thursday, April 23 at 5:49:02 EST". Spaceflight Now.
  14. ^ Garcia, Mark (24 April 2021). "NASA TV Covers SpaceX Crew-2 Docking to Station Today". blogs.nasa. Retrieved 24 April 2021. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  15. ^ "SpaceX Crew Dragon Endeavour docks with ISS: NASA TV". france24.com. Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  16. ^ Cawley, James (24 April 2021). "Crew Dragon Docks to Station, Hatches Open Soon". blogs.nasa. Retrieved 13 December 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  17. ^ Cawley, James (17 November 2020). "Hatches Open, Crew Dragon Astronauts Join Expedition 64". blogs.nasa. Retrieved 13 December 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.