Seattle Freeze

From Wikipedia

The term Seattle Freeze refers to a widely held belief that it is especially difficult to make new friends in the U.S. city of Seattle, Washington, particularly for transplants from other cities. A 2005 Seattle Times article appears to be the first known use of the term, [1] [2] though the Seattle Daily Times described the phenomenon as early as the 1940s. [3] [4]

Newcomers to the area have described Seattleites as being standoffish, cold, distant, and distrustful, [5] while in settings such as bars and parties, people from Seattle tend to mainly interact with their particular clique. [6] One author described the aversion to strangers as "people are very polite but not particularly friendly". [7] While some residents dispute the existence of the Seattle Freeze, [8] [9] a 2008 peer-reviewed study published in Perspectives on Psychological Science found that among all 50 states, Washington residents ranked 48th in the personality trait extraversion. [10] In 2014, a similar report by the Seattle CityClub ranked the population 48th out of 50 similarly sized cities in activities such as "talking with neighbors frequently". [11] The rapid growth of Amazon and its accompanying influx of technology workers who could be considered more introverted than other working professionals may have exacerbated this phenomenon. [12] [13]

It has been speculated that the origin of the phenomenon could stem from the reserved personalities of the city's early Nordic [14] and Asian immigrants. [2] Other reasons may include the emotional effects of the climate (such as Seasonal Affective Disorder), or the region's history of independent-minded pioneers. [2] [15] [16]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Seattle was the first major U.S. city affected and began implementing social distancing measures earlier than other regions. The Seattle Freeze was cited as a factor in the pandemic's slowdown by late March and below-average speed of disease spread across Washington state. [17] [18]

See also


  1. ^ Jim Gates (March 17, 2014). "Is The Seattle Freeze A Real Thing?". KUOW.
  2. ^ a b c Sommerfeld, Julia (February 13, 2005). "Our Social Dis-ease: Beyond the smiles, the Seattle Freeze is on". Pacific NW Magazine. The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  3. ^ "Such Discussion Can Help Build A Better City". The Seattle Daily Times. February 1, 1946. p. 6. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  4. ^ Berger, Knute (April 30, 2020). "Transplants vs. locals is the cultural permafrost always under Seattle's feet". Crosscut. Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  5. ^ Lacitis, Erik (January 17, 2009). "Friendless in Seattle: A popular website is used for relief from our chilly social scene". The Seattle Times. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
  6. ^ Madison, Amber (2011). Are All Guys Assholes?. Penguin. ISBN  978-1-101-54755-7.[ page needed]
  7. ^ Maria, Christensen (2007). Newcomer's handbook for moving to and living in Seattle (3 ed.). Portland, Oregon: First Books. p. 6. ISBN  978-0-912301-73-0.
  8. ^ Thomas, Linda (March 28, 2011). "The Seattle Freeze". KIRO. Retrieved June 25, 2012.
  9. ^ Judd, Ron (January 9, 2015). "If you weren't born in Seattle or the Northwest, you'll never be one of us". Seattle Times - Pacific NW Magazine. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  10. ^ Rentfrow, Peter J.; Gosling, Samuel D.; Potter, Jeff (September 2008). "A Theory of the Emergence, Persistence, and Expression of Geographic Variation in Psychological Characteristics". Perspectives on Psychological Science. 3 (5): 339–369. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-6924.2008.00084.x. PMID  26158954. S2CID  17059908.
  11. ^ Permenter, Cody (3 May 2016). "How I Learned to Love the Seattle Freeze". Thrillist.
  12. ^ Reifman, Jeff (March 22, 2015), Peepless in Seattle: Dating, Friendship and the Seattle Freeze
  13. ^ Amageddon: How Amazon's culture is taking a toll on Seattle's future, Geekwire, November 19, 2014
  14. ^ Wing, Jennifer. "Why is the 'Seattle Freeze' so hard to melt?". KPLU. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  15. ^ Rolph, Amy (January 6, 2012). "The Seattle Freeze: Real or all in your head?". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
  16. ^ Balk, Gene (December 4, 2012). "Seattle Freeze: Can we blame it on the Norwegians?". The Seattle Times. Retrieved Dec 4, 2012.
  17. ^ Baker, Mike (March 29, 2020). "Coronavirus Slowdown in Seattle Suggests Restrictions Are Working". The New York Times. Retrieved April 1, 2020.
  18. ^ P-I, Alex Halverson, Seattle (2021-01-04). "Washington has the third-lowest COVID-19 spread in US". Retrieved 2021-02-14.