Sarcoscypha austriaca

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sarcoscypha_austriaca

Sarcoscypha austriaca
Sarcoscypha austriaca 81949.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Class: Pezizomycetes
Order: Pezizales
Family: Sarcoscyphaceae
Genus: Sarcoscypha
Species:
S. austriaca
Binomial name
Sarcoscypha austriaca
(Beck ex Sacc.) Boud. (1907)
Synonyms
  • Lachnea austriaca (Beck) Sacc. (1889)
  • Peziza austriaca Beck ex Mussat (1901)
Sarcoscypha austriaca
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
smooth hymenium
no distinct cap
hymenium attachment is irregular or not applicable
stipe is bare
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: inedible

Sarcoscypha austriaca is a saprobic fungus in the family Sarcoscyphaceae of the order Pezizales of Ascomycota. It is commonly known as the scarlet elfcup, pézize écarlate and scharlachroter kelchbecherling. [1] The species name means "from Austria".

Distribution

This species is found in Europe and the Northeast of North America where it can be separated from Sarcoscypha dudleyi on spore characteristics. [1] [2]

Description

This species is found growing on fallen pieces of dead hardwood among mosses and leaf litter in damp habitats in winter and early spring. The fruiting body is cup-shaped with a scarlet smooth, shiny interior. The exterior is covered with a felted mass of short hairs in varying shades of white and pink and a stubby stem. The flesh is white and rubbery with a thin red layer lining the cup. The spore print is white and the spores are ellipsoidal with flattened ends and containing several oil droplets. On the outside of the cup the hairs are curly or corkscrew shaped. These features distinguishes this species from the rather similar Sarcoscypha coccinea and Sarcoscypha jurana [3] It is reported to grow on the dead wood of such hosts as Alnus incana, species of Salix, Acer and Robinia. [4] It is part of a complex of species which includes Sarcoscypha coccinea and Sarcoscypha dudleyi.

Sarcoscypha austriaca is inedible. [5]

References

  1. ^ a b Rogers Mushrooms Archived 2012-08-17 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Gary Emberger: Sarcoscypha austriaca
  3. ^ Leif Goodwin: Sarcoscypha austriaca
  4. ^ Grzyby Polski: Sarcoscypha austriaca
  5. ^ Miller Jr., Orson K.; Miller, Hope H. (2006). North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, CN: FalconGuides. p. 536. ISBN  978-0-7627-3109-1.