Royal Academy Summer Exhibition
The Summer Exhibition is an open art exhibition held annually by the Royal Academy in Burlington House, Piccadilly in central London, England, during the months of June, July, and August. The exhibition includes paintings, prints, drawings, sculpture, architectural designs and models, and is the largest and most popular open exhibition in the United Kingdom.  It is also "the longest continuously staged exhibition of contemporary art in the world". 
When the Royal Academy was founded in 1768 one of its key objectives was to establish an annual exhibition, open to all artists of merit, which could be visited by the public. The first Summer Exhibition took place in 1769; it has been held every year since without exception. 
Today, around 1,000 works are selected each year from as many as 10,000 entries representing some 5,000 artists.[ citation needed] Any artist (living, known or unknown) may submit up to two works at a fee of £35 per piece for selection by The Summer Exhibition Selection and Hanging Committee.[ citation needed] Due to the significant increase in the volume of entries over recent years, the number of entries per artist was reduced to 2 (from 3) and the fee was increased £18 per piece. The committee is formed from the Council of Academicians (the governing body of the RA) and is traditionally chaired by the President of the Royal Academy. In addition to those works selected by the committee, all 80 Academicians are entitled to have six of their own pieces in the exhibition.
For the 2006 exhibition, the academy received a statue and a plinth from David Hensel. By mistake, the two parts were judged independently, with the result that the statue was rejected and the plinth put on display. 
The RA Summer Exhibition usually opens to the public in early June, preceded by a series of private viewings. The main event is called "Varnishing Day", the day that, according to popular legend, artists would come to add a final coat of varnish to their paintings (compare: vernissage). Traditionally, artists walk in procession from Burlington House to St James's Church, Piccadilly, where a service is held. At the opening reception the shortlists for various prizes are announced.
Some years have particular themes. The 2005 exhibition theme was " Printmaking and the multiple". In 2006, the theme was "From Life." In 2008, the theme was "Man Made". The theme for 2010 was "Raw".  In 2011, the selection committee agreed to have no specific theme.[ citation needed]
Almost all exhibited works are for sale; the Academy receives 30% of the purchase price. In 2003, this amounted to a sum of some £2,000,000 for the institution, which receives no financial support from the state or crown.[ citation needed]
- 2005: Stephen Farthing and Christopher Orr 
- 2012: Tess Jaray 
- 2013: Eva Jiřičná and Norman Ackroyd 
- 2015: Michael Craig-Martin 
- 2016: Yinka Shonibare 
- 2017: Eileen Cooper 
- 2018: Grayson Perry  
- 2019 Jock McFadyen 
Over £70,000 prize money, including the £25,000 Charles Wollaston Award, is awarded each year at the Summer Exhibition. In addition, a £10.000 architectural prize is awarded. 
- 1997: R.B. Kitaj
- 1999: David Hockney 
- 2000: Gerard Hemsworth
- 2001: Marc Quinn
- 2003: Jake and Dinos Chapman 
- 2006: Chantal Joffe
- 2007: Gavin Turk
- 2008: Jeff Koons
- 2009: Richard Wilson
- 2010: Yinka Shonibare
- 2011: Alison Wilding 
- 2012: Anselm Kiefer
- 2013: El Anatsui 
- 2014: Wolfgang Tillmans 
The exhibition has received both admiration and criticism.  Jonathan Jones described it in 2019 as the "bloated corpse of a tradition ... [with] a tired, inward looking, end-of-the-road quality". 
An exhibition about the history of the Summer Exhibition, The Great Spectacle, was held in 2018. 
- "The Royal Academy of Arts Summer Exhibition 2011". Culture, The Telegraph. UK. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- "The Royal Academy remains a great asset that must never be squandered". Apollo. 15 May 2018. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- Sally Pook (15 June 2006). "Artist laughs his head off at the RA". The Telegraph.
- Summer Exhibition 2010 Archived 8 August 2008 at the Wayback Machine, Royal Academy of Arts, 2010.
- Boucher, Caroline (5 June 2005). "No longer a hanging offence". The Observer. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Kennedy, Maev (30 May 2012). "Royal Academy summer exhibition rolls into town". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Brown, Marc (5 June 2013). "Nonagenarians make mark at 2013 Royal Academy summer exhibition". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Ellis-Petersen, Hannah (5 June 2015). "Royal Academy's Summer Exhibition goes on a candy cavalcade". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Jones, Jonathan (18 May 2016). "Radical or retrogade? Yinka Shonibare can't redeem the Royal Academy". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Sooke, Alastair (2 June 2017). "Summer Exhibition, Royal Academy of Arts, review: The dependably reassuring last word in déjà-vu". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Grayson Perry to chair Summer Exhibition art show". BBC News. 14 December 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Cole, Alison (16 January 2018). "How Grayson Perry is taking on America: 'People want to be provoked, but not catastrophically'". The Independent. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- Jones, Jonathan (6 June 2019). "Summer Exhibition review – a moronic monument to British mediocrity". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
- R. Waite, "Cash prizes return for Royal Academy Summer Exhibition", architectsjournal.co.uk, 22 Feb 2015.
- Gibbons, Fiachra (29 June 1999). "Hockney wins summer exhibition prize". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
- "Chapman brothers win £25,000 prize", The Guardian, 27 June 2003.
- "Alison Wilding wins the Charles Wollaston Award 2011", cornerhousepublications.org, 20 June 2011.
- "El Anatsui wins the prestigious Charles Wollaston Award for his work at the Royal Academy of Arts, 245th Summer Exhibition", octobergallery.co.uk.
- "Summer Exhibition 2014, Royal Academy of Arts", The Huffington Post, 24 June 2014.
- Jones, Jonathan (5 June 2018). "Summer Exhibition/The Great Spectacle review – a Grayson revolution". The Guardian. Retrieved 8 June 2019.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Royal Academy summer exhibition.|
- Staley, A., ed. (1975). The Royal Academy (1837–1901) revisited: Victorian paintings from the Forbes magazine Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. (see index)
- The Great Spectacle: 250 Years of the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition (2018), by Mark Hallett and Sarah Victoria Turner
- Posters: A Century of Summer Exhibitions at the Royal Academy (2015), by Mark Pomeroy
- Summer Exhibition website
- The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition: A Chronicle, 1769–2018
- About the Researching the Summer Exhibition project (Paul Mellon Centre)
- RESEARCHING THE SUMMER EXHIBITION (The Royal Academy)
- RA Summer Exhibition: The promotional power of the poster (BBC)
- "The Royal Academy Summer Exhibition, a Chronicle 1769-2018. Index". Chronicle 250. Royal Academy 250. 2018. Retrieved 13 September 2019. (Search facility by artist)