Portal:Zambia

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Zambia ( /ˈzæmbiə, ˈzɑːm-/), which is officially the Republic of Zambia ( Tonga: Cisi ca Zambia; Lozi: Naha la Zambia; Nyanja: Dziko la Zambia), is a landlocked country at the crossroads of Central, Southern and East Africa. Its neighbors are the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north, Tanzania to the north-east, Malawi to the east, Mozambique to the southeast, Zimbabwe and Botswana to the south, Namibia to the southwest, and Angola to the west. The capital city of Zambia is Lusaka, located in the south-central part of Zambia. The population is concentrated mainly around Lusaka in the south and the Copperbelt Province to the north, the core economic hubs of the country.

Originally inhabited by Khoisan peoples, the region was affected by the Bantu expansion of the thirteenth century. Following European explorers in the eighteenth century, the British colonised the region into the British protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia towards the end of the nineteenth century. These were merged in 1911 to form Northern Rhodesia. For most of the colonial period, Zambia was governed by an administration appointed from London with the advice of the British South Africa Company.

On 24 October 1964, Zambia became independent of the United Kingdom and prime minister Kenneth Kaunda became the inaugural president. Kaunda's socialist United National Independence Party (UNIP) maintained power from 1964 until 1991. Kaunda played a key role in regional diplomacy, cooperating closely with the United States in search of solutions to conflicts in Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Angola, and Namibia. From 1972 to 1991 Zambia was a one-party state with the UNIP as the sole legal political party under the motto "One Zambia, One Nation". Kaunda was succeeded by Frederick Chiluba of the social-democratic Movement for Multi-Party Democracy in 1991, beginning a period of social-economic growth and government decentralisation. Zambia has since become a multi-party state and has experienced several peaceful transitions of power.

Zambia contains abundant natural resources, including minerals, wildlife, forestry, freshwater and arable land. In 2010, the World Bank named Zambia one of the world's fastest economically reformed countries. The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) is headquartered in Lusaka. ( Full article...)

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Genlisea margaretae is a carnivorous species in the genus Genlisea (family Lentibulariaceae) native to areas of Madagascar, Tanzania, and Zambia. It has pale bundles of root-like organs up to about 20 cm long under ground that attract, trap, and digest protozoans. These organs are subterranean leaves, which lack chlorophyll. It had been known to possess the smallest known genome of any flowering plant as of 2006, but was later surpassed by the related species Genlisea tuberosa. ( Full article...)

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The chacma baboon (Papio ursinus), also known as the Cape baboon, is, like all other baboons, from the Old World monkey family. It is one of the largest of all monkeys. Located primarily in southern Africa, the chacma baboon has a wide variety of social behaviors, including a dominance hierarchy, collective foraging, adoption of young by females, and friendship pairings. These behaviors form parts of a complex evolutionary ecology. In general, the species is not threatened, but human population pressure has increased contact between humans and baboons. Hunting, trapping, and accidents kill or remove many baboons from the wild, thereby reducing baboon numbers and disrupting their social structure. ( Full article...)

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Cities

LusakaKitweNdolaKabweChingolaMufuliraLivingstoneLuanshyaKasamaChipataChililabombweSolwezi

History

Barotziland-North-Western RhodesiaThe Africa HouseBritish South Africa CompanyCopperbelt strike (1935)East African Campaign (World War I)Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor-General of the Federation of Rhodesia and NyasalandGovernor of Northern RhodesiaHistory of Church activities in ZambiaLuapula Province border disputeLunda EmpireMulungushiMwata YamvoNorth-Eastern RhodesiaNorthern RhodesiaNorthern Rhodesian African National CongressNorth-Western RhodesiaRhodesian ManStairs ExpeditionZambia Independence Act

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Defence ForceDiplomatic missionsElectionsForeign relationsMinistry of HealthLusaka DeclarationNational AssemblyPresidentsPrime MinistersPolitical parties

Provinces

CentralCopperbeltEasternLuapulaLusakaNorth-WesternNorthernSouthernWesternMuchinga Province

Geography

BarotselandCongo PedicleDambosDistricts of ZambiaKariba GorgeMporokoso GroupNyika PlateauSouthern AfricaRift Valley lakesZambezi Escarpment

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Bank of ZambiaCopperbeltList of Zambian companiesLusaka Stock ExchangeZambian kwachaMount Makulu ZambiaTazama PipelineKonkola Copper MinesZambia Consolidated Copper MinesZambia PostZambian AirwaysZamtelZambian poundRhodesia and Nyasaland pound

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Bemba languageChichewa languageCilunguFanagaloKaonde languageLamba languageLozi languageLunda languageMambwe languageMbunda languageShona languageTonga language (Zambia)Tumbuka languageYauma languageLuvale language

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2011 All-Africa Games Zambian traditional ceremonies

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Zambian AirwaysBenguela railwayTAZARA RailwayZambia RailwaysTrans–Caprivi HighwayGreat East Road (Zambia)Great North Road (Zambia)

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