Funafuti is an
atoll on which the capital of the island nation of
Tuvalu is located. It has a population about 6,194 people (2012), making it the most populated atoll with 57.2 percent of Tuvalu's population.
The lagoon (Te Namo in
Tuvaluan) is by far the largest lagoon in Tuvalu. The land area of the 33 islets aggregates to 2.4 square kilometres (0.9 sq mi), less than one percent of the total area of the atoll. In June 1996, the
Funafuti Conservation Area was established along the western rim of the reef, encompassing six islets. It has an area of 33 km², containing 20 percent of the reef area of Funafuti.
The founding ancestor of the people of Funafuti is described as being from
Samoa. The name of one of the islets
Funafala means 'the
pandanus of Funa', the name of a chief, after whom also the atoll has been named Funafuti.
Outrigger canoes are still constructed today such as this one being carved on
During pre-European-contact times there was frequent canoe voyaging between the islands as
Polynesian navigation skills are recognised to have allowed deliberate journeys on double-hull sailing canoes or
outrigger canoes. Eight of the nine islands of Tuvalu were inhabited; thus the name,
Tuvalu, means "eight standing together" in
Did you know?
- On March 10 & 11, 2015 tidal surges, estimated to be 3–5 m (9.8–16.4 ft), that were caused by
Cyclone Pam, swept across Nui,
Nui suffering the most damage.
- A traditional sport played in Tuvalu is
kilikiti, which is similar to