Portal:Tanks

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The Tanks Portal

A British Sherman tank in Italy during World War Two
An M4 Sherman tank in Italy in 1943 during WWII.

A tank is an armored fighting vehicle intended as a primary offensive weapon in front-line ground combat. Tank designs are a balance of heavy firepower, strong armor, and good battlefield mobility provided by tracks and a powerful engine; usually their main armament is mounted in a turret. They are a mainstay of modern 20th and 21st century ground forces and a key part of combined arms combat.

Modern tanks are versatile mobile land weapons platforms whose main armament is a large- caliber tank gun mounted in a rotating gun turret, supplemented by machine guns or other ranged weapons such as anti-tank guided missiles or rocket launchers. They have heavy vehicle armor which provides protection for the crew, the vehicle's munition storage, fuel tank and propulsion systems. The use of tracks rather than wheels provides improved operational mobility which allows the tank to overcome rugged terrain and adverse conditions such as mud and ice/snow better than wheeled vehicles, and thus be more flexibly positioned at advantageous locations on the battlefield. These features enable the tank to perform well in a variety of intense combat situations, simultaneously both offensively (with direct fire from their powerful main gun) and defensively (as fire support and defilade for friendly troops due to the near invulnerability to common infantry small arms and good resistance against most heavier weapons), all while maintaining the mobility needed to exploit changing tactical situations. Fully integrating tanks into modern military forces spawned a new era of combat: armored warfare.

Until the arrival of the main battle tank, tanks were typically categorized either by weight class ( light, medium, heavy or superheavy tanks) or doctrinal purpose ( breakthrough-, cavalry-, infantry- or reconnaissance tanks). Some being larger and very heavily armored and with large guns, while others are smaller, lightly armored, and equipped with a smaller caliber and lighter gun. These smaller tanks move over terrain with speed and agility and can perform a reconnaissance role in addition to engaging enemy targets. The smaller, faster tank would not normally engage in battle with a larger, heavily armored tank, except during a surprise flanking manoeuvre. ( Full article...)-

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A tankette is a tracked armoured fighting vehicle that resembles a small tank, roughly the size of a car. It is mainly intended for light infantry support and scouting. Colloquially it may also simply mean a small tank.

Several countries built tankettes between the 1920s and 1940s, and some saw limited combat in the early phases of World War II. The vulnerability of their light armor, however, eventually led armies to abandon the concept with some exceptions such as the more modern German Wiesel (Weasel) series. ( Full article...)
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The Operation Bøllebank (English: Operation Hooligan Bashing) is the name given to the collision between Bosnian-Serb military forces and Danish, Norwegian and Swedish combat units composing the United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)'s Nordic Battalion (NORDBAT 2), outside of the city of Tuzla on 29 April 1994. When trying to relieve Swedish forces at the Tango 2 observation post past the village of Kalesija, Danish forces of the Jydske Dragonregiment were ambushed by the Bosnian Serb Šekovići brigade. The ambush was dispersed by back-up UN forces retaliating with heavy fire from Danish Snow Leopard tanks in two separate firefights. While no Danish or Swedish soldiers were killed in the operation, estimates place the number of Serbian casualties as high as 150. The incident is the first time Danish Armed Forces had carried out combat operations since the Second World War nearly fifty years prior, and is the source of ongoing debate and controversy as to the rights of UN peacekeeping forces to exert force and engage in direct combat. ( Full article...)

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Diamond T 12-ton 6x4 truck (currently a redirect) • Laffly S20VAE (vehicle)VAPELeopard 2A4+2A4MCANTR-580 (currently a redirect) • T-Rex (tank)Renault EDWhite TBCKillen-Strait Armoured TractorRybinsk tankABI (Military land vehicle)
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BeutepanzerVEC-M1BRDM-2BPM-97FennekType 59G(BD) DurjoyPanzerjäger
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Sources

  1. ^ Kenneth W. Estes, 2014, Super-heavy Tanks of World War II, Osprey Publishing 48 pp

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