A gathering of Holocaust survivors and their Polish rescuers in Łódź, Poland
Polish citizens have the world's highest count of individuals awarded medals of "
Righteous among the Nations
", given by the
State of Israel
from extermination during the
. There are 7,112 (as of 1 January 2020 )
Polish men and women recognized as "Righteous"
, amounting to over 25 per cent of the total number of 27,712 honorary titles awarded already. It is estimated that in fact hundreds of thousands of Poles concealed and aided hundreds of thousands of their
neighbors. Many of these initiatives were carried out by individuals, but there also existed organized networks dedicated to aiding Jews—most notably, the
the task of rescuing Jews was especially difficult and dangerous. All household members were punished by death if a Jew was found concealed in their home or on their property. Estimates of the number of Poles who were killed by the
for aiding Jews, among them 704 posthumously honored with medals, go as high as tens of thousands. Notable individuals among the Polish Righteous include