Portal:Philippines

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Map of the Philippines

The Philippines ( /ˈfɪlɪpnz/ ( About this sound listen); Filipino: Pilipinas [ˌpɪlɪˈpinɐs] or Filipinas [fɪlɪˈpinɐs]), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas), is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It is situated in the western Pacific Ocean, and consists of about 7,640 islands, that are broadly categorized under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest, and shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia and Brunei to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. The Philippines covers an area of 300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi) and, , had a population of around 109 million people, making it the world's twelfth-most populous country. The Philippines is a multinational state, with diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands. Manila is the nation's capital, while the largest city is Quezon City, both lying within the urban area of Metro Manila.

Negritos, some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Adoption of Animism, Hinduism and Islam established island-kingdoms called Kedatuans, Rajahnates and Sultanates. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Spanish settlement through Mexico, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming part of the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. During this time, Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of trans-Pacific trade. In 1896, the Philippine Revolution began, which then became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, while Filipino rebels declared the First Philippine Republic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States establishing control over the territory, which they maintained until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. Following liberation, the Philippines became independent in 1946. Since then, the unitary sovereign state has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by the People Power Revolution.

It is considered to be an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, which has an economy transitioning from being based on agriculture to being based more on services and manufacturing. The Philippines is a founding member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. The Philippines' position as an island country on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the country prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The country has a variety of natural resources and a globally significant level of biodiversity. This low-lying island geography makes the country vulnerable to climate change, increasing risk from typhoons and sea level rise. ( Full article...)

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Philippine Airlines (PAL) ( Spanish: Líneas Aéreas Filipinas), a trade name of PAL Holdings, Inc. ( PSE: PAL), also known historically (until 1970) as Philippine Air Lines, is the flag carrier of the Philippines. Headquartered at the PNB Financial Center in Pasay, the airline was founded in 1941 and is the first and oldest commercial airline in Asia operating under its original name.

Out of its hubs at Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, Clark International Airport in Angeles, Mactan–Cebu International Airport in Cebu, and Francisco Bangoy International Airport in Davao, Philippine Airlines serves 31 domestic destinations and 54 overseas destinations in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Middle East, Oceania, North America, and Europe. Philippine Airlines operates a mixed fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircraft with Airbus A320, Airbus A321, Airbus A321neo, Airbus A330, Airbus A350, and Boeing 777 in service. ( Full article...)
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Duterte in 2017

Rodrigo Roa Duterte ( /dəˈtɜːrt/; Tagalog:  [roˈdɾigo ɾowa dʊˈtɛɾtɛ] ( About this sound listen); born March 28, 1945), also known as Digong and Rody, is a Filipino politician who is the 16th and current president of the Philippines and the first from Mindanao to hold the office.

He is the chairperson of PDP–Laban, the ruling political party in the Philippines. Duterte took office at age 71 on June 30, 2016, making him the oldest person to assume the Philippine presidency; the record was previously held by Sergio Osmeña at the age of 65.

Born in Maasin, Southern Leyte, Duterte studied political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines University, graduating in 1968, before obtaining a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972. He then worked as a lawyer and was a prosecutor for Davao City, before becoming vice mayor and, subsequently, mayor of the city in the wake of the 1986 People Power Revolution. Duterte won seven terms and served as mayor of Davao for over 22 years. ( Full article...)

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The following are images from various Philippines-related articles on Wikipedia.

In the news

14 June 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
President Rodrigo Duterte extends the general community quarantines for Metro Manila and its surrounding provinces and places 21 areas under modified enhanced community quarantine from June 16 to 30 with varying restrictions. (ABS-CBN News)
14 June 2021 – Philippine drug war
Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court Fatou Bensouda states that preliminary evidence collected from 2016 to 2019 shows there is "a reasonable basis to believe that the Crime Against Humanity of murder was committed" by the administration of Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte during their drug war, and that a full investigation on the matter will be sought. Duterte's spokesman Harry Roque attacked the comments as "legally erroneous and politically motivated", and says that the International Criminal Court has no jurisdiction because the Philippines withdrew from the organization in 2019. (Al Jazeera)
14 June 2021 – Philippines–United States relations
Philippine Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr. suspends the termination of its Visiting Forces Agreement with the United States for another six months, which was set to expire in August. (CNN International)
11 June 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
Fully vaccinated senior citizens will be permitted to go out in areas placed under the General Community Quarantine and Modified General Community Quarantine. (Rappler)
7 June 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
The Philippines begins the mass vaccination campaign for economic frontline workers. (Rappler)

WikiProjects

WikiProject Philippine LGUs
Discuss and organize how best to present the various political subdivisions of the Philippines or Local Government Units (LGUs), namely, regions, provinces, cities and municipalities.

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