Oregon has been home to many
indigenous nations for thousands of years. The first European traders, explorers, and settlers began exploring what is now Oregon's Pacific coast in the early-mid 1500s. As early as 1565, the
Spanish began sending vessels northeast from the
Philippines, riding the
Kuroshio Current in a sweeping circular route across the northern part of the Pacific. In 1592,
Juan de Fuca undertook detailed mapping and studies of ocean currents in the Pacific Northwest, including the Oregon coast as well as the
strait now bearing his name. Spanish ships – 250 in as many years – would typically not land before reaching
Cape Mendocino in California, but some landed or wrecked in what is now Oregon.
Nehalem tales recount strangers and the discovery of items like chunks of
beeswax and a lidded silver vase, likely connected to the 1707 wreck of the San Francisco Xavier.
Mei-Ann Chen (born 1973) is a
Taiwanese Americanconductor currently serving as music director of the
Chicago Sinfonietta and the
Memphis Symphony Orchestra. She has been described as "one of the most dynamic young conductors in America". Encouraged by her parents, Chen began playing violin and piano at a young age and later taught herself how to play the trumpet. By observing her conductor, she began to teach herself how to conduct and even collected
batons. Chen attended the
Walnut Hill School, a preparatory school affiliated with the
New England Conservatory in
Massachusetts, starting at age sixteen. She continued her undergraduate and advanced degree work at the Conservatory and became the first student to graduate from the institution with a double
master's degree in conducting and violin performance. Chen later obtained a
Doctor of Musical Arts degree from the
University of Michigan. Chen became the
Portland Youth Philharmonic's fourth conductor in 2002. During her five-year tenure, the orchestra debuted at
Carnegie Hall, earned an
ASCAP award in 2004 for innovative programming, and began collaborating with the
Oregon Symphony and
Chamber Music Northwest. She also served as assistant conductor of the Oregon Symphony from 2003 to 2005 and as cover conductor for the
Los Angeles Philharmonic. In 2005, Chen became the first woman to win the
Malko Competition, which recognizes young conductors. That same year she won the Taki Concordia Fellowship. Chen left the Philharmonic in 2007, to become assistant conductor of the
Atlanta Symphony. Chen served as assistant conductor of the
Baltimore Symphony Orchestra for its 2009–2010 season. She was appointed music director of the Memphis Symphony Orchestra; her three-year tenure began in September 2010. Chen also began serving as music director for the Chicago Sinfonietta during its 2010–2011 season. Throughout her career, Chen has appeared with many symphonies throughout the United States and Canada. Appearances outside North America include all the principal Danish orchestras,
BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra, and the Taiwan National Symphony, to name a few. Chen has also participated in the National Conducting Institute (Washington, D.C.) as well as the American Academy of Conducting in Aspen, Colorado.
I fed the hungry, caused the sick to be tended to and nursed, furnished them assistance as long as they required it, and which some have not paid to this day, though abundantly able, and for which if they do not pay I am answerable to the Hudson's Bay Company. It may be said, and has been said, that I was too liberal in making these advances. It was not so but was done judiciously and prudently.