Portal:Olympic Games

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The Olympic Games Portal

Olympic rings without rims.svg

The modern Olympic Games or Olympics ( French: Jeux olympiques) are leading international sporting events featuring summer and winter sports competitions in which thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world's foremost sports competition with more than 200 nations participating. The Olympic Games are normally held every four years, alternating between the Summer and Winter Olympics every two years in the four-year period.

Their creation was inspired by the ancient Olympic Games ( Ancient Greek: Ὀλυμπιακοί Ἀγῶνες), held in Olympia, Greece from the 8th century BC to the 4th century AD. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, leading to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement[ definition needed], with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.

The evolution of the Olympic Movement during the 20th and 21st centuries has resulted in several changes to the Olympic Games. Some of these adjustments include the creation of the Winter Olympic Games for snow and ice sports, the Paralympic Games for athletes with disabilities, the Youth Olympic Games for athletes aged 14 to 18, the five Continental games ( Pan American, African, Asian, European, and Pacific), and the World Games for sports that are not contested in the Olympic Games. The IOC also endorses the Deaflympics and the Special Olympics. The IOC has needed to adapt to a variety of economic, political, and technological advancements. The abuse of amateur rules by the Eastern Bloc nations prompted the IOC to shift away from pure amateurism, as envisioned by Coubertin, to the acceptance of professional athletes participating at the Games. The growing importance of mass media has created the issue of corporate sponsorship and general commercialisation of the Games. World wars led to the cancellation of the 1916, 1940, and 1944 Olympics; large-scale boycotts during the Cold War limited participation in the 1980 and 1984 Olympics; and the 2020 Olympics were postponed until 2021 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

Current Olympic Games

2020 Summer Olympics

Tokyo Big Sight at Night.jpg

The 2020 Summer Olympics ( Japanese: 2020年夏季オリンピック, Hepburn: Nisen Nijū-nen Kaki Orinpikku), officially the Games of the XXXII Olympiad (第32回オリンピック競技大会, Dai Sanjūni-kai Orinpikku Kyōgi Taikai) and also known as Tokyo 2020 (東京2020), is an upcoming international multi-sport event scheduled to be held from 23 July to 8 August 2021 in Tokyo, Japan. Originally scheduled to take place from 24 July to 9 August 2020, the event was postponed in March 2020 as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, and will not allow international spectators. Despite being rescheduled for 2021, the event retains the Tokyo 2020 name for marketing and branding purposes. This is the first time that the Olympic Games have been postponed and rescheduled, rather than cancelled. The Summer Paralympics will be held between 24 August and 5 September 2021 after the Olympics.

Tokyo was selected as the host city during the 125th IOC Session in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on 7 September 2013. The 2020 Games will mark the second time that Japan has hosted the Summer Olympic Games, the first being also in Tokyo in 1964, making this the first city in Asia to host the Summer Games twice. Overall, these will be the fourth Olympic Games to be held in Japan, which also hosted the Winter Olympics in 1972 (Sapporo) and 1998 (Nagano). Tokyo was also scheduled to host the 1940 Summer Olympics but pulled out in 1938. The 2020 Games will also be the second of three consecutive Olympics to be held in East Asia, the first being in Pyeongchang County, South Korea in 2018, and the next in Beijing, China in 2022.

The 2020 Games will see the introduction of new competitions including 3x3 basketball, freestyle BMX, and madison cycling, as well as further mixed events. Under new IOC policies, which allow the host organizing committee to add new sports to the Olympic program to augment the permanent core events, these Games will see karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding make their Olympic debuts, as well as the return of baseball and softball for the first time since 2008.

All-time Combined Olympic Games Medal Table

No. Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1   United States (USA) 1127 907 794 2828
2   Russia (RUS) 726 593 591 1910
3   Germany (GER) 578 589 587 1754
4   Great Britain (GBR) 274 299 310 883
5   France (FRA) 248 276 316 840
6   Italy (ITA) 246 214 241 701
7   China (CHN) 237 195 176 608
8   Sweden (SWE) 202 216 234 652
9   Norway (NOR) 188 174 158 520
10   Hungary (HUN) 176 149 173 498

2022 Winter Olympics

Beijing national stadium.jpg

The 2022 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XXIV Olympic Winter Games ( Chinese: 第二十四届冬季奥林匹克运动会; pinyin: Dì Èrshísì Jiè Dōngjì Àolínpǐkè Yùndònghuì) and commonly known as Beijing 2022, is an international winter multi-sport event that is scheduled to take place from 4 to 20 February 2022, in Beijing and towns in the neighboring Hebei province, China.

Beijing was elected as the host city in July 2015 at the 128th IOC Session in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. These Games will be the first Winter Olympics to be held in China, the fourth in East Asia, and the last of three consecutive Olympics to take place in East Asia, following the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, South Korea, and the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, Japan. Beijing will be the eleventh city to host the Olympic Games twice, but the first to have hosted both the Summer and Winter Games, having previously hosted the 2008 Summer Olympics.

China became the third Asian country to host the Winter Olympics after Japan and South Korea through the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympics, and Beijing became the fourth city in Asia to host the Winter Olympics after Sapporo, Nagano and Pyeongchang. Also, by hosting the 2022 Winter Olympics, China became the ninth country to host both the Summer and Winter Olympics.

Olympic Sports

Summer sports
Winter sports

Olympic Games Countdown

Olympic Games
Tokyo Dome night.jpg Tokyo
33 days left
雪中紫禁城 5.jpg Beijing
229 days left
Arc Triomphe.jpg Paris
1132 days left
Milan Cathedral from Piazza del Duomo.jpg Milan & Cortina
1692 days left
Paralympic Games
Tokyo Big Sight at Night.jpg Tokyo
65 days left
国家游泳中心夜景.jpg Beijing
257 days left
Paris Opera full frontal architecture, May 2009.jpg Paris
1165 days left
Duomo Milano Natale.jpeg Milan & Cortina
1720 days left
Youth Olympic Games
2016년 7월 22일 춘천시 전경 DSC03812.jpg Gangwon
943 days left
Gorée - Mémorial (4).JPG Dakar
1950 days left

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Pierre de Coubertin, circa 1925
Charles Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (French:  [ʃaʁl pjɛʁ də fʁedi baʁɔ̃ də kubɛʁtɛ̃]; born Pierre de Frédy; 1 January 1863 – 2 September 1937, also known as Pierre de Coubertin and Baron de Coubertin) was a French educator and historian, founder of the International Olympic Committee, and its second president. He is known as the father of the modern Olympic Games.

Born into a French aristocratic family, he became an academic and studied a broad range of topics, most notably education and history. He graduated with a degree in law and public affairs from the Paris Institute of Political Studies (Sciences Po). It was at Sciences Po that he came up with the idea of the Summer Olympic Games.

The Pierre de Coubertin medal (also known as the Coubertin medal or the True Spirit of Sportsmanship medal) is an award given by the International Olympic Committee to athletes who demonstrate the spirit of sportsmanship in the Olympic Games.

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The opening ceremony in the Panathenian Stadium

On 6 April, the Games of the First Olympiad were officially opened. It was Easter Monday for the Eastern Orthodox, Catholic and Protestant churches, and was also the anniversary of the outbreak of the war for Greek independence.

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Neil Brooks (born 27 July 1962) is an Australian former sprint freestyle swimmer best known for winning the 4 × 100 m medley relay at the 1980 Olympics in Moscow as part of the Quietly Confident Quartet. Brooks was as much known for his swimming achievements as he was for disciplinary incidents. He often found himself in conflict with officialdom and threatened with sanctions. His international career ended when he was suspended for drinking 46 cans of beer on the return flight to Australia after the 1986 Commonwealth Games. In retirement, he became a news presenter and sports commentator, but was fired amid alcohol problems.

Current Events

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24 May 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
Japan opens two mass vaccination centres in Tokyo and Osaka staffed by Japan Self-Defense Forces two months before the delayed Summer Olympics as the country aims to vaccinate up to 10,000 people per day in Tokyo and another 5,000 per day in Osaka for the next three months. (Time)
15 May 2021 –
Five-time NBA champion Kobe Bryant, 10-time WNBA All-Star and four-time Olympic gold medalist Tamika Catchings, three-time NBA Finals MVP Tim Duncan, and 15-time NBA All-Star Kevin Garnett are inducted to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame. Bryant is inducted posthumously following his death in January 2020. (The Japan Times)
6 April 2021 – Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sports, 2020 Summer Olympics
North Korea announces that the country has withdrawn from participating in the Summer Olympics in Japan, citing COVID-19 concerns. (The New York Times)

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