Welcome to the Netherlands Portal! Welkom bij het Nederlandportaal!
is one of four constituent countries in the Netherlands
. The Netherlands is a
Kingdom of the Netherlands parliamentary democracy under a
constitutional monarch, located in northwestern
Europe. It borders the
North Sea to the north and west,
Belgium to the south, and
Germany to the east.
Since 2010, the
Caribbean islands of
Sint Eustatius have become part of the country of the Netherlands, whereas
Sint Maarten are considered separate countries within the Kingdom, however only the Kingdom functions internationally as a
Although the Netherlands is often referred to as
, this use is strictly incorrect, as
Holland Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands, consisting of only two of the country's
twelve provinces. The country's constitutional capital is
Amsterdam, but the seat of government is in
The Hague. The Hague also locates most
international embassies, as well as the
International Court of Justice and the
International Criminal Court.
The Netherlands is a very
densely populated and geographically one of the most low-lying countries in the world (its name literally means "Low lands") that is popularly famous for, among other things, its
bicycles and social
tolerance. Its liberal policies, for instance
prostitution receive international attention.
As of 2014 the country ranks fourth in the world on the
Human Development Index, or third on the
. The Netherlands also ranked as the fourth happiest country in the world in the
inequality-adjusted H.D.I. U.N.'s 2013
World Happiness Report, reflecting its high quality of life.
is the typical
that is used to separate the
means literally 'little one from Amsterdam' in
. The bollards have the three
Saint Andrew's Crosses
coat of arms of Amsterdam
Around 1800, more and more individual people in Amsterdam started to use bollards to protect the
sidewalk in front of their houses. These bollards were made of
metal (of old
wood. In the late 19th century the first
cast iron bollards were made. From 1915 onwards there was a standard bollard of 70 kg cast iron with three Saint Andrew's Crosses from the coat of arms of Amsterdam. This bollard already looked like the modern Amsterdammertje, although, amongst other differences, it was thinner and heavier.
wooden shoes (whole feet clogs or
), in the traditional everyday use style. Nowadays mostly
klompen folklore, some three million pairs are made each year, primarily as souvenirs for the
tourist industry. Only some Dutch
gardeners still wear these as everyday footwear.
Prince of Orange
from his birth,
of the main provinces of the
from 28 June 1672,
King of England
King of Ireland
from 13 February 1689, and
King of Scots
(under the name
) from 11 April 1689, until his death.
Born a member of the
House of Orange-Nassau, William III won the English, Scottish and Irish Crowns following the
Glorious Revolution, during which his uncle and father-in-law, the Catholic
James II (VII in Scotland)), was deposed. In
Ireland, William ruled jointly with his wife,
Mary II, until her death on 28 December 1694. He reigned as 'William II' in Scotland, but 'William III' in England and Ireland. Often he is referred to as William of Orange, a name he shared with many other historical figures. In
Northern Ireland and
Scotland, he is often informally known as "King Billy".
Did you know...
... that Dutch
racing team, guided by former
Space Shuttle astronaut
Wubbo Ockels (pictured) won the
World Solar Challenge six times out of the last eight events ? ... that
The Hague is home to over 150 international organisations (including
NGOs) working in the field of peace and justice ? ... the Netherlands is a
very densely populated country for its size ? With 406 people per km² – or 498 if inland waters are excluded – only
South Korea and
Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. ... the Netherlands is nevertheless the world's second largest exporter of food and agriculture products, after the United States ?
... and that it has the most plentiful, nutritious and healthy food, according to a 2014 comparison of 125 countries by
Oxfam ? ... a
UNICEF report published in 2007 ranked the Netherlands as the best country for children to live in ? ... the Netherlands also exports more flowers and
flower bulbs than the rest of the world combined ? ... the
KLM is the longest running
national airline in the world ? ... the
Port of Rotterdam was the
world's busiest port from 1962–2002, and is now still the world's largest seaport outside of East Asia, measured by
total cargo tonnage handled ? ... that two major clusters of
flood control and
land reclamation projects: the
Delta Works and the
Zuiderzee Works, were declared one of the
Seven Wonders of the Modern World by the
American Society of Civil Engineers. ? ... of which the
storm surge barrier is one of the largest moving structures on Earth ? ... of which the 1932
Afsluitdijk is still one of the world's longest
causeways ? ... and of which the
Flevopolder, at an area of 970 km² (370 sq. mi), is by far the world's largest artificial island ?
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