London is an
A road in
North London. It runs from the
London Wall to Bignall's Corner, where it crosses the
M25 motorway and becomes the
A1(M) motorway, continuing to
Edinburgh. The London section passes through four
London boroughs: the
City of London,
Barnet. Whilst the route of the A1 outside London closely follows the historic route of the
Great North Road, the London section for the most part does not.
The current route of the London section of the A1 road was mainly designated as such in 1927. It comprises a number of historic streets in central London and the former suburbs of
Highgate and long stretches of purpose-built new roads in the outer London borough of London Borough of Barnet, built to divert traffic away from the congested suburbs of
The London section of the A1 is one of London's most important roads. It links North London to the
M1 motorway and the A1(M) motorway, and consequently serves as Central London's primary road transport artery to the
Northern England and
Scotland. It also connects a number of major areas within London, and sections of it serve as the
High Street for many of the now-joined villages that make up north London. (
All selected articles
Charles Tyson Yerkes (25 June 1837 – 29 December 1905) was an American financier. He played a major part in developing mass-transit systems in
London. Yerkes was born in the
Northern Liberties, a district of
Philadelphia, the son of a banker. At 17 he became a clerk in a grain
brokerage and at 22 set up his own firm and joined the Philadelphia
stock exchange. By 1865 he had moved into banking and specialized in selling municipal, state, and government
bonds. A large speculative trade with Philadelphia public money ended disastrously, and he was left insolvent and narrowly avoided being jailed. Having moved to Chicago in 1881, Yerkes became involved in public transportation when his consortium began taking over
street railway companies. His aim was to achieve a monopoly of public transport in the city and he used
blackmail in order to further his ambition. Following an unsuccessful attempt to bribe the city council and state legislature into granting him a 100-year franchise for the tramway system, Yerkes sold his transport stocks in 1899 and moved to
In September 1900, he became involved in underground railways in London, buying the unbuilt
Charing Cross, Euston and Hampstead Railway. In 1902, he established the
Underground Electric Railways Company of London (UERL) which bought a number tube railway companies which had not been able to find finance. Money was quickly raised using complex financial instruments and the UERL built and opened four tube lines by 1907. Yerkes died in December 1905 shortly before the first of these, the
Baker Street and Waterloo Railway, opened in March 1906. Through subsequent acquisition and expansion, the UERL became the core of the
London Underground and London's main bus operator.
In addition to his railway's in London and Chicago, Yerkes is remembered through the
Yerkes Observatory in
Wisconsin and the
Yerkes crater on the Moon. (
All Selected biographies
Woolwich Ferry boats "John Burns" and "James Newman" on the River Thames, 2012.
A40) and the
West Cross Route (
White City, circa 1970. Continuation of the West Cross Route northwards under the roundabout was cancelled leaving two short unused stubs for the slip roads that would have been provided for traffic joining or leaving the northern section.
The newly constructed junction of the
Rail, road and river traffic, seen from the
Maida Vale Underground station.
Early style tube roundel in mosaic at
A60 Stock (left) and
1938 Stock (right) trains showing the difference in the sizes of the two types of rolling stock operated on the system. A60 stock trains operated on the surface and sub-surface sections of the
Metropolitan line from 1961 to 2012 and 1938 Stock operated on various deep level tube lines from 1938 to 1988.
M25 motorways near
Surrey. The M23 passes over the M25 with bridges carrying interchange slip roads for the two motorways in between.
The multi-level junction between the
Alexandra Palace station on the GNR Highgate branch (closed in 1954). It is now in use as a community centre (CUFOS).
Arguably the best-preserved disused station building in London, this is the former
Santander Cycles hire scheme waiting for use at a docking station in Victoria.
"Boris Bikes" from the
All Selected pictures
|In the news
- 5 August – A third escalator will be installed at
Marylebone Underground station replacing a fixed start before the existing escalators which date from 1943 will be replaced one by one.
- 13 August – Having been closed to road vehicles since April 2019,
Hammersmith Bridge is closed to pedestrians and cyclists following the discovery of more microfractures in cast iron thought to be caused by high temperatures.
- 28 October – Tunnelling work at
Bank Underground station is completed as part of improvements of the stations facilities.
- 28 October – Repairs to Hammersmith Bridge are expected to cost more than £125 million and take up to 6.5 years, the panel established to manage its repair advises.
- 1 November –
Transport for London obtains £1.8 billion financial support from the government to help cover the shortfall in revenue caused by COVID-19-related reductions in passengers.
|Did you know...
Arsenal is the only Underground station to be named after a London football club (it was previously known as Gillespie Road)? Watford and West Ham are both named after the areas they serve.
- ...that the first version of the
Underground roundel was introduced in 1908, as a solid red disk and blue bar?
More Did you know...