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Portal:London

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:London

The London Portal


London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city stands on the River Thames in the south-east of England, at the head of its 50-mile (80 km) estuary leading to the North Sea. London has been a major settlement for two millennia, and was originally called Londinium, which was founded by the Romans. The City of London, London's ancient core and financial centre—an area of just 1.12 square miles (2.9 km2) and colloquially known as the Square Mile—retains boundaries that closely follow its medieval limits. The adjacent City of Westminster has for centuries been the location of much of the national government. Thirty-one additional boroughs north and south of the river also comprise modern London. The London region is governed by the mayor of London and the London Assembly.

London is one of the world's most important global cities. It exerts considerable influence upon the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism and transportation. It is one of the largest financial centres in the world and in 2019, London had the second highest number of ultra high-net-worth individuals in Europe, after Paris. And in 2020, London had the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in Europe, after Moscow. London's universities form the largest concentration of higher education institutes in Europe, and London is home to highly ranked institutions such as Imperial College London in natural and applied sciences, the London School of Economics in social sciences, as well as the comprehensive University College London. In 2012, London became the first city to have hosted three modern Summer Olympic Games.

London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region. Its estimated mid-2018 municipal population (corresponding to Greater London) was roughly 9 million, which made it the third-most populous city in Europe. London accounts for 13.4% of the U.K. population. Greater London Built-up Area is the fourth-most populous in Europe, after Istanbul, Moscow, and Paris, with 9,787,426 inhabitants at the 2011 census. The London metropolitan area is the third-most populous in Europe, after Istanbul and the Moscow Metropolitan Area, with 14,040,163 inhabitants in 2016. ( Full article...)

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Photograph of the front of a fire-damaged building

The Iranian Embassy siege took place from 30 April to 5 May 1980, after a group of six armed men stormed the Iranian embassy on Prince's Gate in South Kensington, London. The gunmen, Iranian Arabs campaigning for sovereignty of Khuzestan Province, took 26 people hostage, including embassy staff, several visitors, and a police officer who had been guarding the embassy. They demanded the release of prisoners in Khuzestan and their own safe passage out of the United Kingdom. The British government quickly decided that safe passage would not be granted and a siege ensued. Subsequently, police negotiators secured the release of five hostages in exchange for minor concessions, such as the broadcasting of the hostage-takers' demands on British television.

By the sixth day of the siege the gunmen were increasingly frustrated at the lack of progress in meeting their demands. That evening, they killed a hostage and threw his body out of the embassy. The Special Air Service (SAS), a special forces regiment of the British Army, initiated "Operation Nimrod" to rescue the remaining hostages, abseiling from the roof and forcing entry through the windows. During the 17-minute raid they rescued all but one of the remaining hostages and killed five of the six hostage-takers. An inquest cleared the SAS of any wrongdoing. The sole remaining gunman served 27 years in British prisons. ( Full article...)

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30 St Mary Axe - The Gherkin from Leadenhall St - Nov 2006.jpg
Photo credit: David Iliff

30 St Mary Axe, otherwise known as "The Gherkin" or the Swiss Re building, at 180 m (590 ft) is the 6th tallest in London, England. Designed by Foster and Partners, the architectural design of the tower contrasts sharply against more traditional buildings in London, such as the Church of St Andrew Undershaft in this photograph.

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Robert of Jumièges (died between 1052 and 1055) was the first Norman archbishop of Canterbury. He had previously served as prior of the Abbey of St Ouen at Rouen in Normandy, before becoming abbot of Jumièges Abbey, near Rouen, in 1037. He was a good friend and adviser to the king of England, Edward the Confessor, who appointed him bishop of London in 1044, and then archbishop in 1051. Robert's time as archbishop lasted only about eighteen months. He had already come into conflict with the powerful Earl Godwin, and while archbishop made attempts to recover lands lost to Godwin and his family. He also refused to consecrate Spearhafoc, Edward's choice to succeed Robert as Bishop of London. The rift between Robert and Godwin culminated in Robert's deposition and exile in 1052.

A Norman medieval chronicler claimed that Robert travelled to Normandy in 1051 or 1052 and told Duke William of Normandy that Edward wished for him to become his heir. The exact timing of Robert's trip, and whether he actually made it, have been the subject of debate among historians. The archbishop died in exile at Jumièges sometime between 1052 and 1055. Robert commissioned significant building work at Jumièges and was probably involved in the first Romanesque building in England, the church built in Westminster for Edward the Confessor, now known as Westminster Abbey. Robert's treatment by the English was used by William as one of the justifications for his invasion of England. ( Full article...)

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Did you know...

The Savoy Hotel
  • …that the Ritz Hotel in Piccadilly was the first British hotel with a private bathroom to each room?
  • …that the forecourt of the Savoy Hotel (pictured) is the only street in the United Kingdom where vehicles are required to drive on the right?

General images

The following are images from various London-related articles on Wikipedia.

Transport

London has one of the oldest and largest public transport systems in the world. Many components of its transport system, such as the double-decker bus, the Hackney Carriage black taxi and the Tube, are internationally recognised symbols of London.

The majority of transport services in the capital are provided by Transport for London (TfL), an executive agency of the Mayor of London. The Oyster card is accepted as payment across most TfL-controlled transport modes. In the past ten years TfL has invested heavily in walking and cycling to promote more sustainable travel choices in London, including a Velib-style bike hire scheme which opened in Summer 2010.

Routemaster LDS402A.jpg Hackney carriage.jpg Westminster.tube.station.jubilee.arp.jpg Tramlink-Beckenham Jn.jpg BA Planes T4 2004.jpg

London has a comprehensive rail network with several major railway stations. London has two international train stations, at St. Pancras railway station and Stratford International, which connect London to mainland Europe through the Eurostar service. London also has six international airports.

In addition to public transport, London is the start point for a number of motorway routes. The M25 is an orbital motorway which enables vehicles to avoid travelling through central London and is one of the busiest motorways in Europe.

Wikipedia Recognised content on London

Featured article Featured articles (185)

1877 Wimbledon Championship1910 London to Manchester air race1998 FA Charity Shield2017 FA Cup Final2018 FA Cup Final2019 FA Cup FinalAlbert Bridge, LondonAldwych tube stationAnne of DenmarkHarriet ArbuthnotLilias ArmstrongArsenal F.C.Albert Stanley, 1st Baron AshfieldAsylum confinement of Christopher SmartAlice AyresBaden-Powell HouseBaker Street and Waterloo RailwayBaker Street robberyBattersea BridgeBattle of BarnetIsabella BeetonWilliam Sterndale BennettEnid BlytonThe Boat Race 1993The Boat Race 2003The Boat Race 2012The Boat Races 2015The Boat Races 2016The Boat Races 2017The Boat Race 2018The Boat Race 2019The Boat Race 2020Horatio BottomleyDavid BowieBoydell Shakespeare GalleryBritomart Redeems Faire AmoretBrown Dog affairBruce CastleBuckingham PalaceBurning of ParliamentWilliam Henry BuryCandaules, King of Lydia, Shews his Wife by Stealth to Gyges, One of his Ministers, as She Goes to BedElizabeth CanningCaroline of AnsbachCeilings of the Natural History Museum, LondonCentral London RailwayCharing Cross, Euston and Hampstead RailwayCharles II of EnglandChelsea BridgeChelsea F.C.City and South London RailwayCivil Service Rifles War MemorialCleveland Street scandalCock Lane ghostCovent GardenNoël CowardCharles DarwinEmily DavisonDilwale Dulhania Le JayengeEdward III of EnglandEdward VI of EnglandElizabeth IEnglish National OperaEdmund EvansEvita (1996 film)An Experiment on a Bird in the Air PumpMurder of Yvonne FletcherGilbert FoliotRobin FridayGeorge IVJohn GielgudGray's InnGreat Fire of LondonGreat Northern, Piccadilly and Brompton RailwayGreat StinkGreen Park tube stationStanley GreenJoseph GrimaldiGropecunt LaneH.D.Richard HakluytHarris's List of Covent Garden LadiesDeath of Jimi HendrixHenry III of EnglandHer Majesty's TheatreHerne Hill railway stationGeorgette HeyerHistory of Arsenal F.C. (1886–1966)History of Tottenham Hotspur F.C.Charles HoldenStanley HollowayImogen HolstHope (painting)Michael HordernHoxne HoardJames Humphreys (pornographer)Len HuttonIranian Embassy siegeJack the Ripper: The Final SolutionJack the RipperHattie JacquesJames VI and IEarly life of Samuel JohnsonSamuel JohnsonThe KinksCosmo Gordon LangGeorge LansburyLéal SouvenirDan LenoMarie LloydLondon Beer FloodLondon Necropolis CompanyLoveday, 1458John Bingham, 7th Earl of LucanThe Magdalen ReadingMarchioness disasterMarshalsea2020 Masters (snooker)MellitusMetropolitan RailwayHenry MooreMoorgate tube crashMusidora: The Bather 'At the Doubtful Breeze Alarmed'Elizabeth NeedhamNoel ParkRAF NortholtLaurence OlivierEmmeline PankhurstDeath of Blair PeachPeasants' RevoltAssassination of Spencer PercevalFrank PickPig-faced womenHarold PinterPostman's ParkSinking of SS Princess AliceRAF UxbridgeAlf RamseyTalbot Baines ReedRichard II of EnglandRalph RichardsonRichmond Bridge, LondonRobert of JumiègesRokeby VenusRosetta StoneRoyal Artillery MemorialRoyal Gold CupRoyal National College for the BlindRoyal Naval Division War MemorialThe Royal OperaJohn/Eleanor RykenerDeath of Mark SaundersSex PistolsWilliam ShakespeareGeorge Bernard ShawJack SheppardShoomSiege of Sidney StreetSpaghetti House siegeEdgar SpeyerCharles Villiers StanfordStreatham portraitArthur SullivanTerry-ThomasTheatre Royal, Drury LaneMurder of Julia Martha ThomasJeremy ThorpeThree Studies for Figures at the Base of a CrucifixionDeath of Ian TomlinsonTottenham OutrageTower Hill MemorialThe Tower HouseTower of LondonDick TurpinUnderground Electric Railways Company of LondonRalph Vaughan WilliamsVauxhall BridgePrincess Victoria of Hesse and by RhineWandsworth BridgeWhitechapel murdersWilliam WilberforceWilliam the ConquerorMary WollstonecraftHenry WoodYouth on the Prow, and Pleasure at the Helm

Featured article Featured lists (31)

1908 Summer Olympics medal table1948 Summer Olympics medal table2012 Summer Olympics medal tableArsenal F.C. league record by opponentList of The Boat Race resultsChief Mouser to the Cabinet OfficeList of churches preserved by the Churches Conservation Trust in Southeast EnglandCopley MedalEmirates CupEssex Wildlife TrustList of former and unopened London Underground stationsHerts and Middlesex Wildlife TrustList of Arsenal F.C. records and statisticsList of London Underground stationsList of tallest buildings and structures in LondonList of Arsenal F.C. managersList of Arsenal F.C. seasonsList of London Monopoly locationsList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. seasonsList of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater LondonList of Turner Prize winners and nomineesList of awards and nominations received by Dua LipaList of local nature reserves in Greater LondonList of winners of the London MarathonLondon station groupLondon Wildlife TrustMemorial to Heroic Self-SacrificeList of Queens Park Rangers F.C. playersTimeline of the London UndergroundVenues of the 1948 Summer OlympicsTimeline of Mary Wollstonecraft

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A1 in LondonM25 motorwayA215 road34 Montagu Square, Marylebone1948 Summer Olympics torch relay1953 FA Charity Shield1965 FA Cup Final1967 Football League Cup Final1968 European Cup Final1988 Football League Cup Final1989 Football League Second Division play-off Final1994 Football League Second Division play-off Final1997–98 Arsenal F.C. season1999 FA Charity Shield2000 FA Charity Shield2001 Masters (snooker)2002 Masters (snooker)2004 Masters (snooker)2005 Masters (snooker)2007 Emirates Cup2008 Emirates Cup2008 FA Cup Final2009 Emirates Cup2010 Emirates Cup2011 Emirates Cup2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony2012 Summer Paralympics2013 Emirates Cup2014 Emirates Cup2015 Emirates Cup2016 FA Cup Final2016 Football League One play-off Final2016 London mayoral election2017 Emirates Cup2020 FA Cup Final2021 FA Cup FinalAbbey Mills MosqueTammy AbrahamActon Town tube stationAfrobeatsHenry AllinghamEdmund AndrosThe Angel, IslingtonAngel tube stationArcane RootsArnos Grove tube stationArsenal StadiumAs I was going by Charing CrossBahar Mustafa race rowFrank Bailey (firefighter)Cicely Mary BarkerNeil Barrett (footballer)Battersea Power StationBattersea Town HallBaynard's CastleBBC Symphony OrchestraKate BeckinsaleBecontree tube stationHMS BelfastBelgian government in exileTony BennDarren BentThe BillBilly Elliot1993 Bishopsgate bombingBlackadder IIBlackfriars stationBlackwall TunnelDeath of Keith BlakelockBloc PartyBOAC Flight 712The Boat Race 1829The Boat Race 1836The Boat Race 1839The Boat Race 1840The Boat Race 1841The Boat Race 1842The Boat Race 1845The Boat Race 1846The Boat Race 1849 (December)The Boat Race 1849 (March)The Boat Race 1852The Boat Race 1854The Boat Race 1856The Boat Race 1857The Boat Race 1858The Boat Race 1859The Boat Race 1860The Boat Race 1861The Boat Race 1862The Boat Race 1863The Boat Race 1864The Boat Race 1865The Boat Race 1866The Boat Race 1867The Boat Race 1868The Boat Race 1869The Boat Race 1870The Boat Race 1871The Boat Race 1872The Boat Race 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Boat Race 1934The Boat Race 1935The Boat Race 1936The Boat Race 1937The Boat Race 1938The Boat Race 1939The Boat Race 1946The Boat Race 1947The Boat Race 1948The Boat Race 1949The Boat Race 1950The Boat Race 1951The Boat Race 1952The Boat Race 1953The Boat Race 1954The Boat Race 1955The Boat Race 1956The Boat Race 1957The Boat Race 1958The Boat Race 1959The Boat Race 1960The Boat Race 1961The Boat Race 1962The Boat Race 1963The Boat Race 1964The Boat Race 1965The Boat Race 1966The Boat Race 1967The Boat Race 1968The Boat Race 1969The Boat Race 1970The Boat Race 1971The Boat Race 1972The Boat Race 1973The Boat Race 1974The Boat Race 1975The Boat Race 1976The Boat Race 1977The Boat Race 1978The Boat Race 1979The Boat Race 1980The Boat Race 1981The Boat Race 1982The Boat Race 1983The Boat Race 1984The Boat Race 1985The Boat Race 1986The Boat Race 1987The Boat Race 1988The Boat Race 1989The Boat Race 1990The Boat Race 1991The Boat Race 1992The Boat Race 1994The Boat Race 1995The Boat Race 1996The Boat Race 1997The Boat Race 1998The Boat Race 1999The Boat Race 2000The Boat Race 2001The Boat Race 2002The Boat Race 2004The Boat Race 2005The Boat Race 2006The Boat Race 2007The Boat Race 2008The Boat Race 2009The Boat Race 2010The Boat Race 2011The Boat Race 2013The Boat Race 2014The Boat Race 2021Women's Boat RaceErnest Radcliffe BondJames Bond (literary character)Bond StreetBoosey & HawkesBoston Manor tube stationMichael BostwickAndre BoucaudBow Back RiversBow StreetJohn BoydellBritish AirwaysBritish ArmyBritish Asian Cup2021 British Athletics Marathon and 20km Walk TrialBritish LibraryBroad Street railway station (England)Burney ReliefCad and the DandyDuncan Cameron (British Army officer)Cannon Street stationCannons (house)Casino Royale (1967 film)Central Saint GilesChalk (TV series)Charing Cross railway stationDarius CharlesAsim ChaudhryChiswick BridgeChiswickAnjem ChoudaryChurchill War RoomsCity of London SchoolCity Thameslink railway stationCity bonds robberyThe ClashMurder of Victoria ClimbiéColdplayCollege of ArmsCoventry StreetCranhamElizabeth CresswellCrown Jewels of the United Kingdom2016 Croydon tram derailmentCharles Cruft (showman)Crystal Palace DinosaursCrystal Palace F.C.Crystal Palace, LondonCyrus CylinderSteve DavisDaniel Day-LewisDenmark StreetDeptfordDinner by Heston BlumenthalDistrict RailwayDoctor Who Prom (2008)Doomsday (2008 film)The DorchesterDown Street tube stationDubstepAndrew DudleyDunstanEarl's Court tube stationEast Finchley tube stationEastcote House GardensEdward I of EnglandAlec EistElephant & Castle tube stationEmbankment tube stationEmirates StadiumEndell Street Military HospitalNeil EtheridgeEuston RoadEuston tube stationEuston railway station1901 FA Cup FinalFenchurch Street railway stationWilliam Ferrers, 5th Baron Ferrers of GrobyFightstarFinchley Central tube stationAugustus FitzGeorgeGeorge FitzGeorge HamiltonOlga FitzGeorgeCaroline FlackFleet StreetLeo Fortune-WestJohn FressheGants Hill tube stationGarrick's Temple to ShakespeareGirlschoolGloucester Road tube stationMauricio González-Gordon y DíezGordon Ramsay Plane FoodHugh GrantGreat Marlborough StreetGreat Plague of LondonGreat Reality TV SwindleGreen WingGeorge GrossmithGulf OilGunnersbury TriangleHammerton's FerryHarmondsworth Great BarnHibiscus (restaurant)Tom HiddlestonHighgate tube stationHighgrove House, EastcoteHillingdon HouseHistory of British AirwaysHistory of Crystal Palace F.C.Alfred HitchcockMary HogarthHolborn tube stationHolborn Viaduct railway stationEdward HollambyHot FuzzHounslow West tube stationKonnie HuqHyde Park, LondonIckenhamImperial War MuseumInns of ChanceryIron MaidenJamiroquaiJewel TowerKabhi Khushi Kabhie Gham...Harry KaneKennington tube stationKensington (Olympia) stationKilburn tube stationKing's College LondonKing's Cross Thameslink railway stationKing's Cross St Pancras tube stationKingstonian F.C.Knife Edge Two Piece 1962–65Angela LansburyNigella LawsonRobert Dudley, 1st Earl of LeicesterLeicester SquareLemmonsBernard LevinLike CrazyLiverpool 0–2 Arsenal (26 May 1989)Liverpool Street stationKen LivingstoneLondon Bridge stationLondon King's Cross railway stationLondon2019 London Marathon2020 London MarathonLondon Necropolis RailwayLondon Necropolis railway stationLondon Paddington stationLondon Philharmonic OrchestraLondon RingwaysLondon Symphony OrchestraLondon Victoria stationLondon Waterloo stationM11 link road protestM.I.A. (rapper)MF DoomMadness (band)Manor Farm, RuislipGeorge MartinKarl MarxMary I of EnglandMary Poppins ReturnsMarylebone station2017 Masters (snooker)2018 Masters (snooker)2019 Masters (snooker)Match PointMayfairFreddie MercuryMiddlesexEd MilibandMillwall F.C.Millwall F.C.–West Ham United F.C. rivalryMongrels (TV series)Moorgate stationMorden tube stationWilliam MorrisMr. BeanCarey MulliganNana's PartyNatWestNational GalleryNational Police Memorial (United Kingdom)Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount NelsonNewbury Park tube stationIsaac NewtonChristopher NolanNorth Circular RoadNorthumberland AvenueJohn Dudley, 1st Duke of NorthumberlandOld Kent RoadOld Street stationOne DirectionOxford CircusOxford Circus tube stationOxford StreetRichard PacquettePaddington tube station (Bakerloo, Circle and District lines)Paddington tube station (Circle and Hammersmith & City lines)Pall Mall, LondonPaper War of 1752–1753Park LaneParliamentary Monitoring ServicesPassport to PimlicoCharles PearsonPentonville RoadPétrus (restaurant)Philharmonia OrchestraPiccadillyPiccadilly linePrivy Garden of the Palace of WhitehallProfessor Popper's ProblemMurder of Tom ap Rhys PryceQuatermass and the Pit (film)The Quatermass XperimentQueen's HallQuestion Time British National Party controversyRAF EastcoteDaniel RadcliffeRAF West RuislipEmily RatajkowskiRegent StreetRelocation of Wimbledon F.C. to Milton KeynesThe Restaurant Marco Pierre WhiteRichard Coeur de Lion (statue)Richmond ParkThe Ritz Hotel, LondonLaura RobsonRock & ChipsHelen RollasonThe Rolling StonesRomfordRomney's HouseRose Street ClubRoyal Philharmonic OrchestraRoyal SocietyRuislip-Northwood Urban DistrictRuislipRuislip WoodsPrince Rupert of the RhineSIS BuildingSt James's TheatreSt Pancras railway stationOld St Paul's CathedralThe Sarah Jane AdventuresSaturday (novel)Savile RowSenate House, LondonThe SerpentineShaun of the DeadSherlock (TV series)Smithfield, LondonSmooth Radio (2010)SohoSouth Circular Road, LondonSouth Kensington tube stationStatue of James II, Trafalgar SquareHoward StauntonJessie StephenThe Stones in the ParkStrand, LondonStratford Dialectical and Radical ClubJamie StuartSummerSlam (1992)Swakeleys HouseSweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street (2007 film)Madge SyersMargaret ThatcherVesta TilleyTipping the VelvetTipu's Tiger1861 Tooley Street fireTottenham Hotspur F.C.Trafalgar SquareTrellick TowerHugh Trenchard, 1st Viscount TrenchardTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Men'sTriathlon at the 2012 Summer OlympicsTriathlon at the 2012 Summer Olympics – Women'sAlan TuringRose TylerUp All Night TourUpminster Bridge tube stationUpminsterUxbridgeV for Vendetta (film)Vauxhall GardensVauxhall stationVindolanda tabletsVine Street, LondonPaul WalshWanderers F.C.Waterloo East railway stationWaterstonesRachel WeiszWest End GirlsWest Ham United F.C.Westminster tube stationWestway (London)White Lies (band)Whitechapel RoadWhitehallThe WhoOscar WildeWimbledon and Sutton RailwayAmy WinehouseAnna WintourWomen's Boat Race 2013Women's Boat Race 2014Adolphus Frederick Alexander WoodfordWoodland HouseWoolwich FerryWulfstan (died 1023)The Young Victoria


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  • Tag all relevant articles with the {{ WPLondon}} template on their talk page.
  • Improve main article London to featured status.

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