Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya (
Swahili: Jamhuri ya Kenya), is a country in
Eastern Africa. At 580,367 square kilometres (224,081 sq mi), Kenya is the world's 48th largest country by total area. With a population of more than 47.6 million people in the 2019 census, Kenya is the 29th most populous country. Kenya's capital and largest city is
Nairobi, while its oldest city and first capital is the coastal city of
Kisumu City is the third-largest city and also an inland port on
Lake Victoria. Other important urban centres include
Eldoret. As of 2020, Kenya is the third-largest economy in sub-Saharan Africa after Nigeria and South Africa. Kenya is bordered by
South Sudan to the northwest,
Ethiopia to the north,
Somalia to the east,
Uganda to the west,
Tanzania to the south, and the
Indian Ocean to the southeast.
According to archaeological dating of associated artifacts and skeletal material, the Cushites first settled in the lowlands of Kenya between 3,200 and 1,300 BC, a phase referred to as the Lowland
Savanna Pastoral Neolithic.
pastoralists (ancestral to Kenya's Nilotic speakers) started migrating from present-day South Sudan into Kenya around 500 BC. European contact began in 1500 with the
Portuguese Empire, though effective
colonisation of Kenya began in the 19th century during the
European exploration of the interior. Modern-day Kenya emerged from
a protectorate established by the
British Empire in 1895 and the subsequent
Kenya Colony, which began in 1920. Numerous disputes between the UK and the colony led to the
Mau Mau revolution, which began in 1952, and the subsequent declaration of independence in 1963. After independence, Kenya remained a member of the
Commonwealth of Nations. The
current constitution was adopted in 2010 to replace the
1963 independence constitution.
Kenya is a
representative democratic republic, in which elected officials represent the people and the president is the head of state and government. Kenya is a member of the
Commonwealth of Nations,
International Monetary Fund,
International Criminal Court, and other international organisations. With a
GNI of 1,460, Kenya is a lower-middle-income economy.
Kenya's economy is the largest in eastern and central Africa, with
Nairobi serving as a major regional commercial hub. Agriculture is the largest sector: tea and coffee are traditional cash crops, while fresh flowers are a fast-growing export. The
service industry is also a major economic driver, particularly tourism. Kenya is a member of the
East African Community trade bloc, though some international trade organisations categorise it as part of the
Greater Horn of Africa. Africa is Kenya's largest export market, followed by the European Union. (
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is the fourth-largest urban center proper in Kenya after
in that order. However,
's metro urban area is the third largest in
. It is the capital of
and former capital of the
Rift Valley Province
as well as home Flamingo Radio
which is the largest neo-urban Radio in the metropolis. Its urban and rural population is 570,674 inhabitants according to the 2019 census. It is the largest urban center in the
following closely behind. Nakuru lies about 1,850 m above sea level. Alternative names include Nax or Naxar (from Naxareth), and Kurusalem. (
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Selected location -
Good article -
This is a
Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.
View of the coast from Msambweni Beach Hotel
Msambweni (meaning "land of Msambwe") in
Swahili) is a small fishing town and
Kwale County of southeastern Kenya, formerly in Kwale District of
Coast Province. The origin of the name, Msambwe (plural Misambwe) is a hardy and wild fruits (sambwe) tree indigenous to Msambweni. A few remnants of the Msambwe trees are still existing at Mkunguni Beach, Sawa Sawa Village. By road, Msambweni is 55.4 kilometres (34.4 mi) south of
Mombasa and 46.5 kilometres (28.9 mi) northeast of
Lunga Lunga on the
Tanzanian border. As of 2009, the town had a population of 11,985 people.
is the primary source of income, although
palm, buxa coloring,
are produced for trade. Because of its
and extensive beaches, the
industry is gaining in popularity in Msambweni, and holiday cottages and hotels have sprung up in the area, such as the Msambweni Beach House. The town is noted for its
and contains the Msambweni District Hospital. The
is immediately north of the town. (
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Lupita Amondi Nyong'o (,
[luˈpita ˈɲoŋo] (
[luˈpita ˈɲoŋɡo]; born 1 March 1983) is a Kenyan-Mexican actress. The daughter of Kenyan politician
Peter Anyang' Nyong'o and Dorothy Ogada Buyu, Nyong'o was born in
Mexico City, where her father was teaching, and was raised in
Kenya from age one. She attended college in the United States, earning a bachelor's degree in film and theatre studies from
Nyong'o began her career in Hollywood as a production assistant. In 2008, she made her acting debut with the short film
and subsequently returned to Kenya to star in the television series
(2009–2012). Also in 2009, she wrote, produced and directed the documentary
In My Genes.
She then pursued a master's degree in acting from the
Yale School of Drama
. Soon after her graduation, she had her first feature film role as
's biographical period drama
12 Years a Slave
(2013), for which she received critical acclaim and won
, including the
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
. She became the first Kenyan and Mexican actress to win an
In the news
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The following are images from various Kenya-related articles on Wikipedia.
Did you know ...
- ...that in March 2013,
Kenya was officially administratively divided into
47 semi autonomous counties?
42 ethnic groups and no single ethnic group in Kenya makes even a quarter of Kenya's total population of 44,354,000 as of 2013?
Kenya's national language is
Kenya's official name in
Swahili is Jamhuri ya Kenya?
Lake Turkana in Kenya is the largest desert lake in the world?
Nairobi, the capital city, is the only city in the world with a major National Park in it? Kenya also has all five of the
big five game i.e. lion, leopard, buffalo, African elephant and rhino.
Kenya borders Africa’s largest lake by area,
Lake Victoria? It is the largest
tropical lake in the world. It is also the world's second-largest
freshwater lake with a surface area of 68,800 square kilometres (26,600 sq mi).
Mount Kenya is the second-tallest mountain in Africa? It is 5,199 metres (17,057 ft) tall.
- ...that a third of the flowers in the
European Union come from
- ...that telling time in the
Swahili language is different from English? For example, when saying 7 am one says Saa Moja which literally means 1 hour because in Swahili it was decided to use sunrise as a guide to tell time.
Topics in Kenya
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