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Portal:Islam

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Islam
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Introduction

Islam ( /ˈɪslɑːm/; Arabic: اَلْإِسْلَامُ‎, romanizedal-’Islām, [ɪsˈlaːm] ( About this sound listen) "submission [to God]") is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that Muhammad is a messenger of God. It is the world's second-largest religion with 1.9 billion followers or 24.9% of the world's population, known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 51 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique, and has guided humanity through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, believed to be the verbatim word of God, as well as the teachings and normative examples (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad ( c. 570 – 632 CE).

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets, including Adam, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran in Arabic to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded in paradise and the unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, as well as following Islamic law ( sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

From a historical point of view, Islam originated in early 7th century CE in the Arabian Peninsula, in Mecca, and by the 8th century, the Umayyad Caliphate extended from Iberia in the west to the Indus River in the east. The Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century, during the Abbasid Caliphate, when much of the historically Muslim world was experiencing a scientific, economic, and cultural flourishing. The expansion of the Muslim world involved various caliphates and states such as the Ottoman Empire, trade, and conversion to Islam by missionary activities ( dawah). ( Full article...)

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In this month

Masjid an-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet)

Islam in the news

18 June 2021 – 2021 Israel–Palestine crisis
At least 17 Palestinians are injured and 10 arrested after the IDF stormed Al-Aqsa Mosque to break up a rally held in response to videos of far-right marchers insulting the Islamic prophet Muhammad during the Dance of Flags on Tuesday. A further 47 are injured when the IDF fired tear gas and rubber bullets at demostrators near Beita in the occupied West Bank protesting the recent establishment of a military outpost near the town. (Al Jazeera)
15 June 2021 – Censorship in India, Violence against Muslims in India
The Indian Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology strips Twitter of legal protection from prosecution after the social media site refuses to take down a tweet featuring a video of an elderly Muslim man in Ghaziabad being assaulted by a Hindu mob and being forced to chant " Jai Shri Ram". Uttar Pradesh police, who demanded the removal of the tweet, alleges the video was "misleading". (NDTV)
14 June 2021 – London, Ontario truck attack
Attorney General of Canada David Lametti approves a request to press terrorism charges against Nathaniel Veltman, who was arrested for a vehicle-ramming attack on Pakistani Muslim family in London, Ontario. (BBC)
8 June 2021 – War in Afghanistan
Afghanistan's power distributor, Da Afghanistan Breshna Sherkat, says that 23 electricity pylons have been destroyed or damaged by explosions in the past month, disrupting imported power from Iran and Uzbekistan to numerous provinces and districts. ISIL has claimed responsibility for destroying the towers. (TOLO)
6 June 2021 – London, Ontario truck attack
Four people are killed and another is wounded after a man drives his truck into a Pakistani Muslim family in London, Ontario, Canada. The suspect is identified by police as Nathaniel Veltman, a local 20-year-old motivated by Islamophobia. He has been arrested and facing four charges of first-degree murder and 1 charge of attempted murder. (Al Jazeera English) (CBC News)
5 June 2021 – Insurgency in the Maghreb
At least 160 people are killed by Islamic extremists in Solhan, Yagha, northeastern Burkina Faso. It is the deadliest terrorist attack in the country's history. Hours before the massacre, 13 civilians and a soldier were killed in an attack in Tadaryat. (BBC News)

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Ziaur Rahman was the 6th President of Bangladesh
Ziaur Rahman was the 6th President of Bangladesh and founder of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party. While an officer in the Pakistan Army, Zia's unit captured the Kalurghat radio station at the onset of the Bangladesh Liberation War and declared the independence of Bangladesh. Recognised as a war hero, he would be honoured with the Bir Uttom in 1972. A high-ranking officer in the Bangladesh Army, Zia was appointed chief of army staff following the Assassination of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in 1975. Although briefly overthrown in a coup d'etat, Zia returned to power in a counter-coup organised by Colonel Abu Taher. Declaring himself president in 1977, Zia won a referendum held in 1978. Founding the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, Zia won widespread popular support for stabilising the nation and leading it in a new direction. A right-wing politician, Zia established free-market policies in a 19-point programme of industrialisation and development. He adopted policies bringing the government increasingly under Islam, which he included in the national constitution. Zia controversially pardoned the assassins of Sheikh Mujib by signing the Indemnity Act and rehabilitated individuals who had supported the Pakistan Army. A popular yet controversial leader, Zia was assassinated in 1981 in an abortive military coup.

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Huseyn Khan Nakhchivanski

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There are three things that signify the magnanimity of a person: good temper, patience, and to avoid aggressive gaze.

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