Selected article -
The Athena temple complex, including the
, photographed from Route 48 just above it. The background is the Pleistos River Valley. The view is looking upstream.
[ðelˈfi]), in legend previously called Pytho (Πυθώ), in ancient times was a sacred precinct that served as the seat of
Pythia, the major
oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world. The oracle was international in character and also fostered sentiments of Greek nationality, even though the nation of Greece was centuries away from realization. The
ancient Greeks considered the centre of the world to be in Delphi, marked by the stone monument known as
the omphalos (navel). The sacred precinct was in the region of
Phocis, but its management had been taken away from the
Phocians, who were trying to extort money from its visitors, and had been placed in the hands of an
amphictyony, or committee of persons chosen mainly from Central Greece. According to the
Suda, Delphi took its name from the
Delphyne, the she-serpent (
drakaina) who lived there and was killed by the god Apollo (in other accounts the serpent was the male serpent (drakon )
The sacred precinct occupies a delineated region on the south-western slope of
. It is now an extensive archaeological site, and since 1938 a part of
Parnassos National Park
. Adjacent to the sacred precinct is
a small modern town of the same name
. The precinct is recognized by
World Heritage Site
in having had a great influence in the ancient world, as evidenced by the various monuments built there by most of the important ancient Greek city-states, demonstrating their fundamental
unity. It would be impossible to remove the influence of the Delphic oracle from the written history of the times. (
The following are images from various Greece-related articles on Wikipedia.
History of Greece)
Protest against the junta by Greek political exiles in Germany, 1967 (from
El Greco (The Greek) in Spain. He did most of his painting there during the late 1500s and early 1600s. (from
Culture of Greece)
The most famous artist born in Greece was probably Doménikos Theotokópoulos, better known as
Geography of Greece)
Greece's cities, main towns, main rivers, islands and selected archaeological sites. (from
Did you know?
- ...that the Greeks were the first to develop an
alphabet with vowels?
- ...that the
Greco-Buddhist art is an artistic manifestation of
Greco-Buddhism, a cultural syncretism between the Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed in Central Asia after the conquests of
Alexander the Great?
- ...that the
Rio–Antirrio bridge between the
Peloponnese and mainland Greece is the
longest cable stayed-suspended deck in Europe?
- ...that the country's highest mountain,
Mount Olympus was said to be the home of the
Greek Gods in ancient Greek religion?
- ...that the
Olympic Games, originated in Greece 3000 years ago, and that the 1st games of the
modern Olympics were held in Greece in 1896, as a revival of the Games?
- ...that the Greek state comprises only the centre of the
ancient Greek world, which comprised also Southern Italy, the coastal areas of modern Turkey and the Black Sea, as well as some colonies in North Africa, Southern France and Spain?
- ...that even though the modern Greek state was established in 1832, some areas of
Greece were not liberated until after the
Balkan Wars and
1896 Summer Olympics,
Battle of Dyrrhachium (1081),
Battle of Greece,
Cretan War (205–200 BC),
George I of Greece,
Manuel I Komnenos,
Philitas of Cos,
Problem of Apollonius,
Rhodes blood libel,
Slavery in ancient Greece,
The Battle of Alexander at Issus,
Battle of Artemisium,
Battle of Thermopylae,
Battle of Kalavrye,
Battle of Marathon,
Battle of Salamis,
Byzantine civil war of 1341–47,
Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628,
First Macedonian War,
Sviatoslav's invasion of Bulgaria,
Vikos–Aoös National Park
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Literature and philosophy
In Greece, from ancient times down to the present, has been produced countless world-famous poetry in addition to philosophers like
Aristotle and historians like
Thucydides. Notable figures of modern Greek literature include
Odysseas Elytis and
Sing, O goddess, the anger of Achilles son of Peleus, that brought countless ills upon the Achaeans. Many a brave soul did it send hurrying down to Hades, and many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures, for so were the counsels of Zeus fulfilled from the day on which the son of Atreus, king of men, and great Achilles, first fell out with one another.
Greek art began in the Cycladic and Minoan prehistorical civilization. The art of ancient Greece has exercised an enormous influence on the culture of many countries from ancient times until the present, particularly in the areas of sculpture and architecture. In the West, the art of the
Roman Empire was largely derived from Greek models. In the East, Alexander the Great's conquests initiated several centuries of exchange between Greek, Central Asian and Indian cultures. During the
Renaissance , the
humanist aesthetic and the high technical standards of Greek art inspired generations of European artists.
||You are invited to participate in
WikiProject Greece, a task force dedicated to developing and improving articles about
Ancient Greek wikipedia
Pontic Greek wikipedia
A short video of the main sites at the ancient sanctuary of
. Delphi was considered to be the center of the world by the Greeks and the most important oracle in the Greek world.