The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of
27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The union has a total area of 4,233,255.3 km2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447million.
An internal single market has been established through a standardised
system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where the states have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market; enact legislation in justice and home affairs; and maintain common policies on
regional development. Passport controls have been abolished for travel within the
A monetary union was established in 1999, coming into full force in 2002, and is composed of
19 member states which use the
euro currency. The EU has often been described as a sui generis political entity (without precedent or comparison) with the characteristics of either a federation or confederation.
The Maserati MC12 is a
grand tourer produced by
Maserati to allow a racing variant to compete in the
FIA GT Championship. The car entered production in 2004 with 25 cars produced. A further 25 were produced in 2005 making a total of 50 cars available for customers, all of which were pre-sold for
€600 000. Maserati designed and built the car on the
chassis of the
Enzo Ferrari but the final car is much larger. The MC12 is longer, wider and taller than the Enzo Ferrari, however the Enzo has faster acceleration and a higher top speed.
The MC12 was developed to signal Maserati's return to racing after 37 years. The road version was produced to
homologate the race version. One of the requirements for participation in the FIA GT is the production of at least 25 road cars. Three GT1
race cars were entered into the FIA GT with great success. Maserati began racing the MC12 in the FIA GT toward the end of the 2004 season, achieving a victory at the
Zhuhai International Circuit.
Bucharest is the
capital city and industrial and commercial centre of
Romania. It is located in the southeast of the country, and lies on the banks of the
Dâmboviţa River. By European standards Bucharest is not an old city, its existence first being referred to by scholars as late as 1459. Since then it has gone through a variety of changes, becoming the state capital of Romania in 1862 and steadily consolidating its position as the centre of the Romanian mass media, culture and arts. Its eclectic architecture is a mix of historical, interbellum, Communist-era, and modern. In the period between the two World Wars, the city's elegant architecture and the sophistication of its elite earned Bucharest the nickname of the "Paris of the East" or "Little Paris".
According to the 2011 census, Bucharest proper has a population of 1,883,425. There are approximately 2.3 million inhabitants in the greater metropolitan area. Economically, the city is by far the most prosperous in Romania and is one of the main industrial centres and transportation hubs of
Eastern Europe. As the most important city in Romania, Bucharest also has a broad range of educational facilities.
cartogram depicting the population distribution between old EU-27 member states (including the UK and excluding Croatia). 58% of all citizens of the EU live in the four largest member states: Germany, France, Italy, and Spain. (from Demographics of the European Union)