Portal:El Salvador

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El Salvador ( /ɛl ˈsælvədɔːr/ ( About this sound listen); Spanish:  [el salβaˈðoɾ] ( About this sound listen), literally " The Saviour"), officially the Republic of El Salvador ( Spanish: República de El Salvador), is a country in Central America. It is bordered on the northeast by Honduras, on the northwest by Guatemala, and on the south by the Pacific Ocean. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2021, the country had a population of approximately 6,825,935.

For millennia, the region was controlled by several Mesoamerican nations, especially Lenca, Mayans, then later the Cuzcatlecs. Archaeological monuments also suggest an early Olmec presence around the first millennium BC. In the beginning of the 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the Central American territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of Mexico had little to no influence in the daily affairs of the isthmus, which was colonized in 1524. In 1609, the area was declared the Captaincy General of Guatemala by the Spanish, which included the territory that would become El Salvador until its independence from Spain in 1821. It was forcefully incorporated into the First Mexican Empire, then later seceded, joining the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823. When the republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898. ( Full article...)

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La Prensa Gráfica commonly known as La Prensa is a daily newspaper published in El Salvador by Grupo Dutriz. La Prensa is a mainstream metropolitan newspaper, and became one of the first newspapers to print in color in Central America. ( Full article...)

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El Salvador news

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June 9, 2021 –
El Salvador becomes the first country to accept Bitcoin as legal tender, after the Legislative Assembly votes 62–22 to pass a bill submitted by President Nayib Bukele classifying the cryptocurrency as such. (MercoPress)
June 5, 2021 –
Salvadoran President Nayib Bukele announces at a Bitcoin conference in Florida that his country will adopt the cryptocurrency as legal tender alongside the U.S. dollar, making El Salvador the first country to do so. He plans to introduce the relevant legislation to the Legislative Assembly next week. (BBC News)
May 1, 2021 – 2021 Salvadoran political crisis
The Legislative Assembly of El Salvador votes to remove several judges from the Supreme Court and remove the Attorney General, both of which had been vocal opponents to the presidency of Nayib Bukele. The event is being to as a self-coup by the opposition and by news media outlets. (Al Jazeera)
February 6, 2021 – Immigration policy of the Joe Biden administration
U.S. President Joe Biden suspends and initiates the process to terminate the Trump-era "Asylum Cooperative" agreements with El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. (Reuters)
December 30, 2020 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in El Salvador, COVID-19 vaccine
El Salvador approves a vaccine made by the University of Oxford and AstraZeneca for use in the country. (Reuters)

Did you know...

  • ...that El Salvador is one of the most densely populated countries in Latin America, and also one of the most industrialized?
  • ...that El Salvador uses the U.S. Dollar as its currency?
  • ...that the department of Sonsonate is known for its coconuts?
  • ...that Roque Dalton, one of El Salvador's most beloved writers, was imprisoned and persecuted by the Salvadoran Communist Guerrilla?
  • ...that El Salvador and Honduras fought a war in 1969?

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