Portal:Costa Rica

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Costa Rica ( UK: /ˌkɒstə ˈrkə/, US: /ˌkstə/ ( About this sound listen); Spanish:  [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica ( Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in Central America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around 5 million in a land area of 51,060 square kilometers (19,714 square miles). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around 2 million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.

The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It is known for its long-standing and stable democracy, and for its highly educated workforce, most of whom speak English. The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%. Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.

Costa Rica was sparsely inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army. ( Full article...)

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The League War was the second civil war of Costa Rica, as a member state of the Federal Republic of Central America. It passed between September and October 1835 in the Central Valley of Costa Rica. Its immediate trigger was the repeal of the "Ambulance Law", the law that established the rotation of the country's capital among the four constituent cities. The most important consequence was the triumph of the city of San José over the cities of Alajuela, Heredia and Cartago (which formed the League of Three Cities, thus the name), which allowed its consolidation as the capital of Costa Rica. ( Full article...)

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...that Pancha Carrasco became Costa Rica's first woman in the military by joining the defending forces at the Battle of Rivas in 1856 with a rifle and a pocketful of bullets?

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Costa Rica news

11 June 2021 –
Former Costa Rican Vice President Rebeca Grynspan is named the new Secretary-General of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. (United Nations Conference on Trade and Development)
25 May 2021 –
Costa Rica becomes the 38th member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (Barron's)
29 April 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Costa Rica
Costa Rica announces new COVID-19 restrictions on driving and businesses amidst a rise of new cases. (The Tico TImes)
24 April 2021 – COVID-19 pandemic
COVID-19 pandemic in Costa Rica
Costa Rica reports a record 1,830 new cases of COVID-19 in the past 24 hours, thereby bringing the nationwide total of confirmed cases to 238,760. (CNA)
Costa Rica news from Wikinews...

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