Félicette (French pronunciation: [fe.liː.sɛt]) was the only cat successfully launched into space. It was launched on 18October 1963 as part of the
French space program. Félicette was one of 14 female cats trained for spaceflight. The cats had electrodes implanted onto their skulls so their neurological activity could be monitored throughout the flight. Electrical impulses were applied to the brain and a leg during the flight to stimulate responses. The capsule was recovered 13 minutes after the rocket was ignited. Most of the data from the mission was of good quality, and Félicette survived the flight. A second feline was killed in a launch mishap on 24 October 1963.
Félicette had the designation of C 341 before the flight, and after the flight the media gave her the name Félix, after
Félix the Cat.
Centre d'Enseignement et de Recherches de Médecine Aéronautique (CERMA) modified this to the feminine Félicette and adopted it as her official name. She has been commemorated on postage stamps around the world and a statue with her likeness is on display at the
International Space University. France's feline biological rocket
payloads were preceded by rats and followed by monkeys. (Full article...)
White-coated male Siberian cat. Note the cat's long hair and elongated form.
The Siberian is a centuries-old
landrace (natural variety) of domestic
Russia and recently developed as a formal
breed with standards promulgated the world over since the late 1980s.
Siberians vary from medium to medium-large in size. The formal name of the breed is Siberian Forest Cat, but usually it's simply called the Siberian or Siberian cat. Another formal breed name is the Moscow Semi-Longhair. The cat is an ancient breed that is now believed to be ancestral to all modern long-haired cats. The cat has similarities with the
Norwegian forest cat, to which it is likely closely related. It is a
natural breed from
Siberia and the national cat of
Russia. While it began as a
landrace, it is
selectively bred and
pedigreed today in at least seven major
cat fancier and breeder organizations. The
colorpoint variant of the breed is called the Neva Masquerade by some registries, including Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé).
caracal is very powerful for its size and has even been known to bring down a full grown adult
...that Scarlett the cat is a former
stray cat whose efforts to save her kittens from a fire, at serious harm to herself, attracted worldwide media attention and has been related in a number of nonfiction books?