A bus (contracted from omnibus, with variants multibus, motorbus, autobus, etc.) is a
road vehicle designed to carry many
passengers. Buses can have a capacity as high as 300 passengers. The most common type is the
single-deckrigid bus, with larger loads carried by
articulated buses, and smaller loads carried by
coaches are used for longer-distance services. Many types of buses, such as city transit buses and inter-city coaches, charge a fare. Other types, such as elementary or secondary school buses or shuttle buses within a post-secondary education campus do not charge a fare. In many jurisdictions,
bus drivers require a special licence above and beyond a regular
The M60 was introduced in 1992 as an airport connector and is usually advertised as such. Much of the M60's passenger load, however, is from its crosstown service along
125th Street in
Harlem; the M60 is the busiest of the four bus routes that run along the 125th Street Crosstown Line ("125th Street corridor"). On May 25, 2014, the M60 was converted into a
Select Bus Service (SBS) route to improve service to-and-from the airport, and service along 125th Street. (Full article...)
A school bus is a type of
bus owned, leased, contracted to, or operated by a school or school district. It is regularly used to
transport students to and from school or school-related activities, but not including a charter bus or
transit bus. Various configurations of
school buses are used worldwide; the most iconic examples are the yellow school buses of the United States and Canada which are also found in other parts of the world.
In North America, school buses are purpose-built vehicles distinguished from other types of buses by design characteristics mandated by federal and state/province regulations. In addition to their distinct paint color (
school bus yellow), school buses are fitted with exterior warning lights (to give them traffic priority) and multiple safety devices. (
Image 60An integral bodywork MCI 102DL3, the most common intercity bus owned by
Greyhound Lines, the largest provider of intercity bus service in North America (no later than 2005). Greyhound no longer operates the 102DL3 in this configuration. (from Intercity bus service)
ZiU-9 trolleybus in service in
Piraeus, Greece, on the large Athens-area trolleybus system. The Russian-built ZiU-9 (also known as the ZiU-682), introduced in 1972, is the most numerous trolleybus model in history, with more than 45,000 built. In the 2000s it was effectively rendered obsolete by
low-floor designs. (from Trolleybus)
Dame Ann Heron GloagDBE (née Souter, born 10 December 1942) is a Scottish millionaire businesswoman, activist, and charity campaigner. She is co-founder of the international transport company
Robert R. Kiley (September 16, 1935 – August 9, 2016) was an American
public transit planner and supervisor, with a reputation of being able to save transit systems experiencing serious problems. From 2001 to 2006 he was the initial
Commissioner of Transport for London, the public organisation empowered with running and maintaining London's public transport network.
John Greenwood (born 1788, died 1851), transport entrepreneur, was the keeper of a toll-gate in
Pendleton on the
Manchester to Liverpool
turnpike. In 1824 he purchased a horse and a cart with several seats and began an
omnibus service, probably the first one in the
United Kingdom, between Pendleton and Manchester. His pioneering idea was to offer a service where, unlike with a
stagecoach, no prior booking was necessary and the driver would pick up or set down passengers anywhere on request. Later on he added daily services to
John Greenwood, and a number of competitors, created a network of omnibus services, often acting as feeders to the railways. When he died in 1851 he left a flourishing business to his son, also named John (II) (b. 12 May 1818, d. 21 March 1886), which in that year became the Manchester Carriage Company.
By gestation, and amalgamation, in 1880, this became the
Manchester Carriage and Tramways Company, led by John Greenwood (II). Following the council taking control of passenger transport services, in 1903, the residuary operations became The Manchester Carriage Co. (1903) Ltd, led by John Greenwood (III) (b. 1856).
Kathleen Andrews (
néeSmith; May 17, 1940 – November 17, 2013) was a British-Canadian
bus driver and transport manager. Her pioneering role as the first female Transit Operator, Dispatcher and Manager in
Edmonton, Alberta was later commemorated by the city.
Kathleen Smith grew up in
Rochdale, Lancashire and migrated to Edmonton aged 14. She graduated from
Ross Sheppard Composite High School in 1959. Following a marriage and subsequent divorce, she sought full-time employment to support her family, which led to joining the
Edmonton Transit System (ETS) in 1975. She initially fulfilled the role of Bus Information Clerk, before becoming the first female bus driver that May. After three years, she became the first female Bus Dispatcher, and was eventually promoted to manager of Special Service charter buses. She was commended by the council as being the first female in any significant management capacity in the city. She continued to drive school buses after her retirement from ETS in 1998, and died of
cancer in November 2013.
In 2014, the city council created the Kathleen Andrews Transit Garage at a cost of $196 million, covering 500,000 square feet of space and accommodating 300 buses and 700 drivers. The garage did not open officially until February 2020. (Read More)