Michael Asen III (
Bulgarian: Михаил Асен III, Mihail Asen III, commonly called Michael Shishman (Михаил Шишман, Mihail Šišman)), ruled as
tsar of Bulgaria from 1323 to 1330. The exact year of his birth is unknown but it was between 1280 and 1292. He was the founder of the last ruling dynasty of the
Second Bulgarian Empire, the
Shishman dynasty. After he was crowned, however, Michael used the name Asen to emphasize his connection with the
Asen dynasty, the first one to rule over the Second Empire.