Portal:Briarcliff Manor, New York

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Briarcliff Manor ( /ˈbr.ərklɪf/) is a suburban village in Westchester County, New York, around 30 miles (50 km) north of New York City. It is on 5.9 square miles (15 km2) of land on the east bank of the Hudson River, geographically shared by the towns of Mount Pleasant and Ossining. Briarcliff Manor includes the communities of Scarborough and Chilmark, and is served by the Scarborough station of the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line. A section of the village, including buildings and homes covering 376 acres (152 ha), is part of the Scarborough Historic District and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The village motto is "A village between two rivers", reflecting Briarcliff Manor's location between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers. Although the Pocantico is the primary boundary between Mount Pleasant and Ossining, since its incorporation the village has spread into Mount Pleasant.

In the precolonial era, the village's area was inhabited by a band of the Wappinger tribes of Native Americans. In the early 19th century, the area was known as Whitson's Corners. Walter William Law moved to the area and purchased lands during the 1890s. Law developed the village, establishing schools, churches, parks, and the Briarcliff Lodge. Briarcliff Manor was incorporated as a village in 1902, and celebrated its centennial on November 21, 2002. The village has grown from 331 people when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census. ( Full article...)

Selected article

Briarcliff High School
Briarcliff High School is a public secondary school in Briarcliff Manor, that serves students in grades 912. It is the only high school in the Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District and shares its campus with Briarcliff Middle School. As of 2014, the principal is Debora French and the assistant principal is Daniel Murphy.

The high school is noted for outstanding student achievement, testing scores and accomplishments, including a highly regarded science research program, world language and performing arts programs, University in the High School and Advanced Placement courses, and graduation and college attendance rates. The school has an 11:1 student–teacher ratio, and nearly every student has proficiency in mathematics and English. In 2014, Newsweek ranked the high school 17th-best in the country. The school was founded in 1928 at the Grade School building adjacent to Law Memorial Park. In 1971, the school moved to its current facility on the east border of the village.

Selected biography

Elliott Fitch Shepard (July 25, 1833 – March 24, 1893) was a New York lawyer, banker, and owner of the Mail and Express newspaper, as well as a founder and president of the New York State Bar Association. Shepard was married to Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt, granddaughter of philanthropist, business magnate, and family patriarch Cornelius Vanderbilt. Shepard's Briarcliff Manor residence Woodlea and the Scarborough Presbyterian Church, which he founded nearby, are contributing properties to the Scarborough Historic District.

Shepard was born in Jamestown, New York, one of three sons of the president of a banknote-engraving company. He attended the City University of New York, and practiced law for about 25 years. During the American Civil War, Shepard earned the rank of colonel and was a Union Army recruiter. He was later a founder and benefactor of institutions and banks. When Shepard moved to the Briarcliff Manor hamlet of Scarborough-on-Hudson, he founded the Scarborough Presbyterian Church and built Woodlea; the house and its land are now part of Sleepy Hollow Country Club.

Selected anniversaries

Briarcliff Lodge c. 1905 (2).png

  • June 26, 1902 (1902-06-26): The Tudor Revival-style Briarcliff Lodge (pictured c. 1905) opens with an initial 75 rooms.
  • June 1917 (1917-06): William Rockefeller purchases 387 acres (0.6 sq mi) for Sleepy Hollow Country Club (the house was originally sold with only 93 acres (0.1 sq mi)). Rockefeller spends $600,000 ($12,120,000 today), making it the largest single real estate transaction in the county.
  • June 23, 1935 (1935-06-23): The Automobile Racing Club of America holds a third road race in Briarcliff Manor, won by Langdon Quimby for the second time in a row.
  • June 1999 (1999-06): Lynn McCrum Field, named for Briarcliff Manor's second village manager, is dedicated.

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Selected picture

Scarborough Post Office
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This building, housing the Scarborough Post Office, was built in 1899. It replicated another building that lasted from 1893 to 1898, when it was struck by lightning and burned to the ground. Both buildings also acted as the station building for the Scarborough train station.

Selected list

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1910950—    
19201,027+0.78%
19301,794+5.74%
19401,830+0.20%
19502,494+3.14%
19605,105+7.43%
19706,521+2.48%
19807,115+0.88%
19907,070−0.06%
20007,696+0.85%
20107,867+0.22%
Sources:
* 1910 to 1940
* 1950 to 2000
* 2010

The history of Briarcliff Manor, a village in Westchester County, New York, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers in the 19th century. The area now known as Briarcliff Manor had seen human occupation since at least the Archaic period, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the village did not occur until the Industrial Revolution. The village, which was incorporated with one square mile in 1902, has expanded primarily through annexation: of Scarborough in 1906 and from the town of Mount Pleasant in 1927 to its current area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2). The village has also grown in population; from 331 when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census. ( Full article...)

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