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Bangalore ( /bæŋɡəˈlɔːr/), officially known as Bengaluru ( [ˈbeŋɡəɭuːɾu] ( About this sound listen)), is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It has a population of more than 8 million and a metropolitan population of around 11 million, making it the third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration in India. Located in southern India on the Deccan Plateau, at a height of over 900 m (3,000 ft) above sea level, Bangalore is known for its pleasant climate throughout the year. Its elevation is the highest among the major cities of India.

The city's history dates back to around 890 CE, in a stone inscription found at the Nageshwara Temple in Begur, Bangalore. The Begur inscription is written in Halegannada (ancient Kannada), mentions 'Bengaluru Kalaga' (battle of Bengaluru). It was a significant turning point in the history of Bangalore as it bears the earliest reference to the name 'Bengaluru'. In 1537 CE, Kempé Gowdā – a feudal ruler under the Vijayanagara Empire – established a mud fort considered to be the foundation of modern Bangalore and its oldest areas, or petes, which exist to the present day. After the fall of Vijayanagar empire in 16th century, the Mughals sold Bangalore to Chikkadevaraja Wodeyar (1673–1704), the then ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore for three lakh rupees. When Haider Ali seized control of the Kingdom of Mysore, the administration of Bangalore passed into his hands. It was captured by the British East India Company after victory in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799), who returned administrative control of the city to the Maharaja of Mysore. The old city developed in the dominions of the Maharaja of Mysore and was made capital of the Princely State of Mysore, which existed as a nominally sovereign entity of the British Raj. In 1809, the British shifted their cantonment to Bangalore, outside the old city, and a town grew up around it, which was governed as part of British India. Following India's independence in 1947, Bangalore became the capital of Mysore State, and remained capital when the new Indian state of Karnataka was formed in 1956. The two urban settlements of Bangalore – city and cantonment – which had developed as independent entities merged into a single urban centre in 1949. The existing Kannada name, Bengalūru, was declared the official name of the city in 2006.

Bangalore is widely regarded as the " Silicon Valley of India" (or "IT capital of India") because of its role as the nation's leading information technology (IT) exporter. Indian technological organisations are headquartered in the city. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore is the second fastest-growing major metropolis in India. Recent estimates of the metro economy of its urban area have ranked Bangalore either the fourth- or fifth-most productive metro area of India. Bangalore is home to 7,700 millionaires and 8 billionaires with a total wealth of $320 billion. It is home to many educational and research institutions. Numerous state-owned aerospace and defence organisations, are located in the city. The city also houses the Kannada film industry. It was ranked the most liveable Indian city with a population of over a million under the Ease of Living Index 2020. ( Full article...)

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The Bangalore Palace

Bangalore Palace, a palace located in the city of Bangalore, India, was built to look like a smaller replica of the Windsor Castle in England. [1] [2] It was built by Rev. Garrett, who was the first Principal of the Central High School in Bangalore, now known as Central College. [3] The construction of the palace was started in 1862 and completed in 1944. In 1884, it was bought by the Maharaja of Mysore, Chamaraja Wodeyar. [3] Now owned by the current scion of the Mysore royal family, Srikanta Datta Narsimharaja Wadiyar, the palace has recently undergone a renovation. The sprawling grounds surrounding the palace are used for holding public events including music concerts. Some of the well known international music bands and rockstars that have performed here include heavy metal legends Iron Maiden, Megadeth, Sting, Scorpions, Deep Purple, Aerosmith, The Rolling Stones, Bryan Adams . [4] [1] [5] [6]

Did you know?

... that during 2009 there were scheduled power cuts in Bangalore to tackle power shortages?
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Vidhana Soudha.

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Bengaluru International Airport
Credit: Kannanokannan

Kempegowda International Airport ( IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBL) is an international airport serving Bangalore, the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka, in the southern part of India. Spread over 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), it is located about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of the city near the suburb of Devanahalli. It is owned and operated by Bengaluru International Airport Limited (BIAL), a public–private consortium. The airport opened in May 2008 as an alternative to increased congestion at HAL Airport, the original primary commercial airport serving the city. It is named after Kempe Gowda I, the founder of Bangalore. Kempegowda International Airport became Karnataka's first fully solar powered airport developed by CleanMax Solar. ( Full article...)

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  1. ^ a b Habib Beary. "Stones prepare for India concert". Online webpage of the BBC, dated 2003-04-03. BBC, MMVII. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  2. ^ N. Niranjan Nikam. "Restoring royal glory". Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated 2007-06-04. 2007, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  3. ^ a b "Wadiyar to restore Bangalore Palace". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2005-07-22. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  4. ^ "Now, C. Ashwath will enthral Bangaloreans". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2005-04-14. The Hindu. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
  5. ^ "'Come back to you', Bryan's promise to Bangaloreans". Online Edition of The Deccan Herald, dated 2006-02-06. 2006, The Printers (Mysore) Private Ltd. Retrieved 2007-06-27.
  6. ^ "Bangalore rocks to Aerosmith's heavy metal". Online webpage of DnaIndia.com, dated 2007-06-02. © 2005-2007 Diligent Media Corporation Ltd. Retrieved 2007-06-27.