Anime (アニメ) refers to the
animation style originating in
Japan. It is characterized by distinctive characters and backgrounds (hand-drawn or
computer-generated) that visually and thematically set it apart from other forms of animation. Storylines may include a variety of fictional or historical characters, events, and settings. Anime is aimed at a broad range of audiences and consequently, a given series may have aspects of a range of
genres. Anime is most frequently broadcast on
television or sold on
DVDs and other media, either after their broadcast run or directly as
original video animation (OVA).
computer games sometimes also feature segments or scenes that can be considered anime.
Manga (漫画) is
Japanese for "comics" or "whimsical images". Manga developed from a mixture of
ukiyo-e and Western styles of
drawing, and took its current form shortly after
World War II. Manga, apart from covers, is usually published in black and white but it is common to find introductions to chapters to be in color, and is read from top to bottom and then right to left, similar to the layout of a Japanese plain text. Financially, manga represented in 2005 a market of ¥24 billion in Japan and one of $180 million in the United States. Manga was the fastest growing segment of books in the
United States in 2005.
Anime and manga share many characteristics, including: exaggerating (in terms of scale) of physical features, to which the reader presumably should pay most attention (best known being "large eyes"), "dramatically shaped speech bubbles, speed lines and onomatopoeic, exclamatory typography..." Some manga, a small amount of the total output, is adapted into
anime, often with the collaboration of the
original author. Computer games can also give rise to anime. In such cases, the stories are often compressed and modified to fit the format and appeal to a wider market. Popular anime franchises sometimes include full-length
feature films, and some have been adapted into
live-action films and television programs.