Gifu (岐阜市, Gifu-shi)
located in the south-central portion of
, and serves as the prefectural capital. The city has played an important role in Japan's history because of its location in the middle of the country. During the
, various warlords, including
, used the area as a base in an attempt to unify and control Japan. Gifu continued to flourish even after Japan's unification as both an important
and, later, as one of Japan's fashion centers. It has been designated a
by the national government.
Located on the
alluvial plain of the
Nagara River, Gifu has taken advantage of the surrounding natural resources to create both traditional industries (including
Mino washi and agriculture) and tourism opportunities such as
Mount Kinka, one of the city's major symbols, is home to a nationally designated forest and
Gifu Castle, a replica of Nobunaga's former castle. Gifu also hosts many festivals and events throughout the year.
Two major rail lines connect Gifu to Japan's national and international transportation infrastructure.
Tōkaidō Main Line runs through the city, connecting it with
Nagoya, one of Japan's largest cities, and the surrounding area. The city has a direct train route to
Chubu Centrair International Airport and facilities capable of hosting international events. Gifu has active relationships with six
sister cities. (