Outline of computer programming

From Wikipedia

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to computer programming:

Computer programming – process that leads from an original formulation of a computing problem to executable computer programs. Programming involves activities such as analysis, developing understanding, generating algorithms, verification of requirements of algorithms including their correctness and resources consumption, and implementation (commonly referred to as coding [1] [2]) of algorithms in a target programming language. Source code is written in one or more programming languages. The purpose of programming is to find a sequence of instructions that will automate performing a specific task or solving a given problem.




Writing programs



Programming languages

Programming language – formal constructed language designed to communicate instructions to a machine, particularly a computer. Programming languages can be used to create programs to control the behavior of a machine or to express algorithms.

Types of programming languages

Popular languages

The top 20 most popular programming languages as of February 2021: [3]

  1. C
  2. Java
  3. Python
  4. C++
  5. C#
  6. Visual Basic .NET
  7. JavaScript
  8. PHP
  9. SQL
  10. Assembly language
  11. R
  12. Groovy
  13. Go
  14. Ruby
  15. Swift
  16. MATLAB
  17. Delphi/Object Pascal
  18. Classic Visual Basic
  19. Perl
  20. Objective-C

Anatomy of a programming language

Comparisons of programming languages

Programming language comparisons

Comparisons of individual languages




Software development

Software engineering

Software engineering

See also


  1. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is coding". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  2. ^ Shaun Bebbington (2014). "What is programming". Retrieved 2014-03-03.
  3. ^ "Tiobe Index". TIOBE Software. Retrieved 13 February 2021.

External links