Nevesinje

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nevesinje
Nevesinje
Невесиње
Nevesinje
Nevesinje
Flag of Nevesinje
Coat of arms of Nevesinje
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Location of Nevesinje within Republika Srpska
Location of Nevesinje
Coordinates: 43°15′30″N 18°6′48″E / 43.25833°N 18.11333°E / 43.25833; 18.11333
NEVESINJE Latitude and Longitude:

43°15′30″N 18°6′48″E / 43.25833°N 18.11333°E / 43.25833; 18.11333
Country  Bosnia and Herzegovina
Entity  Republika Srpska
Geographical region East Herzegovina
Boroughs56 (as of 1991)
Government
 • Municipal mayorMilenko Avdalović ( SNSD)
 • Municipality923.04 km2 (356.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Town
5,162
 • Municipality
12,961
 • Municipality density14/km2 (36/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 ( CET)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC+2 ( CEST)
Area code(s)59
Website opstinanevesinje.rs.ba/cir/

Nevesinje ( Serbian Cyrillic: Невесиње) is a town and municipality located in the Republika Srpska entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, the town has a population of 5,162 inhabitants, while the municipality has 12,961 inhabitants.

Geography and climate

Geography

The municipality of Nevesinje covers 1,040 km2 (402 sq mi) and is located in southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. A large polje called Nevesinjsko polje dominates the municipality, and is encircled by mountains of Crvanj at the north-northeast, Prenj at the northwest, and Velež at the south-southwest. The entire municipality, as well as the entire region of eastern Herzegovina beyond municipal borders, is an elevate at the average 860 metres (2,820 ft) above the sea level.

History

The annals of the Patriarchal Monastery of Peć mentioned Nevesinje in 1219, which is the earliest appearance of Nevesinje in preserved historical sources. The župa (county) of Nevesinje was held by Serbian prince Stefan Konstantin between 1303–06. [1] [2]

Ovči brod

Chronicle of the Priest of Duklja mentions Nevesinje in the 12th century, as a part of the Podgorica župa. [3]

Numerous contracts between craftsmen and other service providers from modern-day Nevesinje and the Republic of Dubrovnik are stored in the Dubrovnik archives. [3]

The Nevesinje area was the scene of numerous robberies and crimes in the Middle ages, which has been recorded several times in the Dubrovnik archives. [3]

The region was under the rule of different medieval lords until the end of the 15th century. The most significant ruler of Nevesinje from this period was Bosnian nobleman Stjepan Vukčić Kosača, known as Herceg Stefan. The whole land Hercegovina was named after him. His lands were under constant threat from advancing Ottoman forces in the 15th century. Hercegovina, and thus Nevesinje were gradually incorporated into the Ottoman Empire by the first quarter of the 15th century (1422).

There is a large number of stećak tombstones in the Nevesinje area. Every village in the Nevesinje municipality contains a number of stećak tombstones, while the village of Krekova has the most medieval necropolises in Bosnia and Herzegovina. [3]

In 1463, the Ottoman headquarter was established in the vicinity of Nevesinje. [3] Within a few years they had conquered and placed under their administration the whole župa.

The Ottomans conducted a census of the villages by villages first 1468-1469 and then 1475-1477. [3] Most of the villages mentioned in the Middle Ages contained the same names to this day. The voluntary conversion of part of the population to Islam has also been noticed in the available defectors, most likely due to high taxes and other levies. [3]

Under the Ottoman Empire, Nevesinje was mostly part of Bosnian Pashaluk and was a seat of a qadi. The Great Eastern Crisis was ignited at Nevesinje, with the outbreak of the Herzegovinian rebellion of 1875–78 when Serbs of the region rebelled against Ottoman tax collectors. The rebellion soon spread to the rest of Herzegovina and to Bosnia and other parts of the Ottoman Empire.

Neighboring states, Serbia, Montenegro and Bulgaria got involved in the conflict which in turn pulled in great powers of the time. The conflict ended with Congress of Berlin in 1878 and the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina was placed under the administration of Austria-Hungary. At the same time Romania, Serbia and Montenegro were declared independent principalities.

In 2019, Nevesinje experienced a power outage that was named one of the worst crises in the country of Bosnia. [4]

Settlements

Aside from the village of Nevesinje, there are 55 other settlements that comprise the municipality:

Demographics

Clock tower is one of the symbols of Nevesinje
Monument to Zeka Buljubaša in Ravnje
Serbian Orthodox church, built in the 19th century

Population

Population of settlements – Nevesinje municipality
Settlement 1948. 1953. 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 23,820 20,474 19,333 16,326 14,448 12,961
1 Batkovići 262 346
2 Biograd 507 495
3 Bojišta 546 659
4 Bratač 354 240
5 Krekovi 356 340
6 Miljevac 390 1,001
7 Nevesinje 1,615 2,349 3,055 3,605 4,068 5,162
8 Šehovina 413 598
9 Zalužje 332 222
10 Žiljevo 355 471
11 Zovi Do 422 293

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Nevesinje town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 5,162 (100,0%) 4,068 (100,0%) 3,605 (100,0%) 3,055 (100,0%)
Serbs 5,125 (99,28%) 3,247 (79,82%) 2,622 (72,73%) 2,268 (74,24%)
Unaffiliated 14 (0,271%)
Bosniaks 6 (0,116%) 634 (15,59%) 593 (16,45%) 642 (21,01%)
Croats 6 (0,116%) 39 (0,959%) 59 (1,637%) 91 (2,979%)
Others 6 (0,116%) 44 (1,082%) 4 (0,111%) 10 (0,327%)
Yugoslavs 2 (0,039%) 104 (2,557%) 304 (8,433%) 25 (0,818%)
Unknown 2 (0,039%)
Slovenes 1 (0,019%) 4 (0,111%) 3 (0,098%)
Montenegrins 13 (0,361%) 12 (0,393%)
Albanians 6 (0,166%) 4 (0,131%)
Ethnic composition – Nevesinje municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 12,961 (100,0%) 14,448 (100,0%) 16,326 (100,0%) 19,333 (100,0%)
Serbs 12,353 (95,31%) 10,711 (74,13%) 11,587 (70,97%) 14,479 (74,89%)
Bosniaks 538 (4,151%) 3,313 (22,93%) 3,853 (23,60%) 4,370 (22,60%)
Croats 28 (0,216%) 210 (1,453%) 276 (1,691%) 384 (1,986%)
Unaffiliated 19 (0,147%)
Others 10 (0,077%) 91 (0,630%) 26 (0,159%) 37 (0,191%)
Unknown 7 (0,054%)
Montenegrins 3 (0,023%) 34 (0,208%) 28 (0,145%)
Yugoslavs 2 (0,015%) 123 (0,851%) 539 (3,301%) 28 (0,145%)
Slovenes 1 (0,008%) 4 (0,025%) 3 (0,016%)
Albanians 6 (0,037%) 4 (0,021%)
Macedonians 1 (0,006%)

Economy

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018): [5]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 106
Mining and quarrying 5
Manufacturing 159
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 50
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 66
Construction 119
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 280
Transportation and storage 56
Accommodation and food services 120
Information and communication 20
Financial and insurance activities 19
Real estate activities 2
Professional, scientific and technical activities 27
Administrative and support service activities 8
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 169
Education 223
Human health and social work activities 155
Arts, entertainment and recreation 52
Other service activities 42
Total 1,678

Transport

Nevesinje has a bus station and daily buses head from Nevesinje to Podgorica, Montenegro via the towns Gacko, Bileća and Trebinje within Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Nikšić and Danilovgrad within Montenegro. Local buses link the town with Mostar. The town also has direct buses to Dubrovnik and Belgrade.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Ljubo Mihić (1975). Ljubinje sa okolinom. Dragan Srnic. p. 117.
  2. ^ Obrad Mićov Samardžić; Mirjana Samardžić; Saša Samardžić; Aleksandra Samardžić (2006). Svadbe i pogrebni običaji pravoslavnih u Nevesinju. Čigoja štampa. p. 11. први познати господар жупе Невесиње спомиње се Константин Немањић (1303-1306)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Пекић, Радмило (2005). "Насеља средњовјековног Невесиња". Трибуниа. 11: 31–50.
  4. ^ "Nevesinje do petka bez struje". ATV (in Serbian). Retrieved 2021-02-13.
  5. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  6. ^ Ljubibratić, Dragoslav (1961). Vladimir Gaćinović. Nolit. p. 35.

Sources

  • Kapidžić, dr Hamdija: Hercegovački ustanak 1882.godine, Sarajevo, "Veselin Masleša", 1958.

External links