Nahr al-Kabir

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nahr_al-Kabir
Map of a part of the Levant. Blue lines are rivers, white lines are country borders. Nahr al-Kabir is the relatively short river that forms a part of the Lebanon–Syria border, flowing into the Mediterranean Sea roughly between the cities of Trablous (Tripoli) and Tartus

The Nahr al-Kabir, also known in Syria as al-Nahr al-Kabir al-Janoubi ( Arabic: النهر الكبير الجنوبي‎, lit.'the southern great river', by contrast with the Nahr al-Kabir al-Shamali) or in Lebanon simply as the Kebir, is a river in Syria and Lebanon flowing into the Mediterranean Sea at Arida. The river is 77.8 km (48.3 mi) long, and drains a watershed of 954 km2 (368 sq mi). [1] Its headwaters are at the Ain as-Safa spring in Lebanon and it flows through the Homs Gap.

The river forms the northern part of the Lebanon–Syria border. In antiquity, the river was known as Eleutherus ( Greek Ελεύθερος Eleutheros, Ελευθερίς Eleuteris lit. 'free'). It defined the border between the Seleucid and Ptolemaic empires during much of the 3rd century BCE. [2]

The river is mentioned by Josephus [3] and in 1 Maccabees 11:7 and 12:30.

References

  1. ^ United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia et al., "Nahr el Kabir Basin", Inventory of Shared Water Resources in Western Asia 8 PDF
  2. ^ Dov Gera, Judaea and Mediterranean Politics: 219 to 161 B.C.E., p. 9
  3. ^ Josephus, The Jewish War 1:363 pg 75 Translated by G.A.Williamson 1959, printed 1981


NAHR AL-KABIR Latitude and Longitude:

34°38′02″N 35°58′32″E / 34.63389°N 35.97556°E / 34.63389; 35.97556