Mount Judi

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Judi
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Cudi-dagh-tr-1829.jpg
The mountain range, seen from Şırnak.
Highest point
Elevation2,089 m (6,854 ft)
Coordinates 37°22′10″N 42°20′39″E / 37.36944°N 42.34417°E / 37.36944; 42.34417
MOUNT JUDI Latitude and Longitude:

37°22′10″N 42°20′39″E / 37.36944°N 42.34417°E / 37.36944; 42.34417
Geography
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū is located in Turkey
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū is located in Asia
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū (Asia)
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū is located in Earth
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū
Jūdī, Cudi, Cûdî, Qardū (Earth)
Parent range Zagros

Mount Judi ( Arabic: ٱلْجُودِيّ [1] al-Jūdīy, Kurdish: Cûdî‎, Turkish: Cudi), also known as Qardū ( Aramaic: קרדו‎, Classical Syriac: ܩܪܕܘ‎), [2] is Noah's apobaterion or "Place of Descent", the location where the Ark came to rest after the Great Flood, according to very Early Christian and Islamic tradition (based on the Qur'an, 11:44). [1]

The Quranic tradition is similar to the Judeo-Christian legend. The identification of Mount Judi as the landing site of the ark persisted in Syriac and Armenian tradition throughout Late Antiquity, but was abandoned for the tradition equating the biblical location with the highest mountain of the region, Mount Ararat.

Jewish Babylonian, Syriac, Islamic, and early Christian traditions identify Mount Judi or Qardu as a peak near the town of Jazirat ibn Umar (modern Cizre), at the headwaters of the Tigris, near the modern Syrian–Turkish border. Arab historian Al-Masudi [3] (d. 956), reported that the spot where the ark came to rest could be seen in his time. Al-Mas'udi locates Jabal Judi at 80 parasangs from the Tigris. Mount Judi was historically located in the province of Corduene, south of Lake Van.

Etymology

The Arabic word al-Jūdīy (ٱلْجُودِيّ) means "The Heights" or "The Highest". The relation of some of the spellings is clear. The origin of Judi is less clear. It is usually interpreted as a corrupted version of the same name, via al-gurdi (Reynolds 2004). The proposal that the two names are ultimately the same was first advanced by the English Orientalist George Sale in his translation of the Qur'an published in 1734. Sale's footnote reads:

This mountain [al-Judi] is one of those that divide Armenia on the south, from Mesopotamia, and that part of Assyria which is inhabited by the Kurds, from whom the mountains took the name Cardu, or Gardu, by the Greeks turned into Gordyae, and other names. ... Mount Al-Judi (which seems to be a corruption, though it be constantly so written by the Arabs, for Jordi, or Giordi) is also called Thamanin ..., probably from a town at the foot of it.

Sale goes on to say that there was once a famous Christian monastery on the mountain, [4] but that this was destroyed by lightning in the year 776 AD, following which

the credit of this tradition hath declined, and given place to another, which obtains at present, and according to which the ark rested on Mount Masis, in Armenia, called by the Turks Agri Dagi.

Religious traditions

Depiction of Noah's ark landing on the mountain top, from the North French Hebrew Miscellany (13th century)

Christianity

The Syrians of the east Tigris had a legend of the ark resting on the Djûdi mountain in the land of Kard. This legend may in origin have been independent of the Genesis account of Noah's flood, rooted in the more general Near Eastern flood legends, but following Christianization of the Syrians, from about the 2nd century AD, it became associated with the Mountains of Ararat where Noah landed according to Genesis, and from Syria also this legend also spread to the Armenians. The Armenians did not traditionally associate Noah's landing site with Mount Ararat, known natively as Masis, but until the 11th century continued to associate Noah's ark with Mount Judi. [5]

Mount Judi is traditionally[ dubious ] believed to be situated to the north-east of the Jazirat of Ibn 'Umar in south-east Turkey, close to the Iraqi and Syrian borders.

The biblical Ararat is thought be a variation of Urartu, an ancient term for the region north of ancient Assyria which encompasses the Armenian plateau. According to Josephus, the Armenians in the 1st century showed the remains of Noah's ark at a place called αποβατηριον "Place of Descent" ( Armenian: Նախիջեւան, Nakhichevan, Ptolemy's Ναξουανα), about 60 miles southeast of the summit of Mount Ararat ( ca. 39°04′N 45°05′E / 39.07°N 45.08°E / 39.07; 45.08). [6] The "mountains of Ararat" in Genesis have become identified in later (medieval) Christian tradition with the peak now known as Mount Ararat itself, a volcanic massif in Turkey and known in Turkish as "Agri Dagh" (Ağrı Dağı).

Islam

The Quranic account of the Flood and Noah's Ark agrees with that given in Genesis, with a few variations. One of these concerns the final resting place of the Ark: according to Genesis, the Ark grounded on the " mountains of Ararat". According to the Qur'an (11:44), [1] the final resting place of the vessel was called "Judi", without the word "mountain".

Then the word went forth: "O earth! swallow up thy water, and O sky! Withhold (thy rain)!" and the water abated, and the matter was ended. The Ark rested on Al-Judi, and the word went forth: "Away with those who do wrong!

— Quran, 11:44 [1]

The 9th century Arab geographer Ibn Khordadbeh identified the location of mount Judi as being in the land of Kurds (Al-Akrad), and the Abbasid historian Al-Mas'udi (c. 896-956) recorded that the spot where it came to rest could be seen in his time. Al-Mas'udi also said that the Ark began its voyage at Kufa in central Iraq, and sailed to Mecca, where it circled the Kaaba, before finally travelling to Judi. Yaqut al-Hamawi, also known as Al-Rumi, placed the mountain "above Jazirat ibn Umar, to the east of the Tigris," and mentioned a mosque built by Noah that could be seen in his day, and the traveller Ibn Battuta passed by the mountain in the 14th century. [3]

See also

The Durupınar site, an aggregate structure on Mount Tendürek which was presumed to be Noah's Ark

References

  1. ^ a b c d Quran  11:44 ( Translated by  Yusuf Ali)
  2. ^ McAuliffe, Jane Dammen (2001). Encyclopaedia Of The Quran. 1. Brill. pp. 146–147. ISBN  978-90-04-11465-4.
  3. ^ a b Lewis, J. P. (December 1984), Noah and the Flood: In Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Tradition, The Biblical Archaeologist, p. 237
  4. ^ https://origins.swau.edu/papers/global/noah/eng/index.html
  5. ^ Frederick Cornwallis Conybeare, review of Friedrich Murat, Ararat und Masis, Studien zur armenischen Altertumskunde und Litteratur, Heidelberg, 1900.
  6. ^ Conybeare (1901)

External links