Miyako-jima

From Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miyako-jima

Miyako Island
Native name:
Miyako-jima (宮古島)
Miyako map.jpg
Miyako Island is the largest of the Miyako Islands
Miyako Island is located in Okinawa Prefecture
Miyako Island
Miyako Island
Location of Miyako within Okinawa Prefecture
Miyako Island is located in Japan
Miyako Island
Miyako Island
Location of Miyako within Japan
Miyako Island is located in East China Sea
Miyako Island
Miyako Island
Location of Miyako Islands within the East China Sea
Geography
Location Okinawa Prefecture
Coordinates 24°46′N 125°19′E / 24.767°N 125.317°E / 24.767; 125.317
Archipelago Miyako Islands
Adjacent bodies of water East China Sea
Area158.87 km2 (61.34 sq mi) [1]
Highest elevation114.8 m (376.6 ft)
Highest pointNakao (ナカオ嶺)
Administration
Prefecture Okinawa Prefecture
Demographics
Population45,625 (2015 national census) [1]
Pop. density275.4/km2 (713.3/sq mi)
Ethnic groups Ryukyuan, Japanese
Aerial view of Miyako Island from northwest.

Miyako Island (宮古島, Miyako-jima, Miyako: Myaaku (ミャーク); Okinawan: Naaku (ナーク)) is the largest and the most populous island among the Miyako Islands of Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. Miyako Island is administered as part of the City of Miyakojima, which includes not only Miyako Island, but also five other populated islands. [2]

Geography

Miyako-jima lies approximately 300 kilometres (186 mi) southwest of Okinawa Island. [2] With an area of 158.70 square kilometres (61.27 sq mi), Miyako is the fourth-largest island in Okinawa Prefecture. [3] The island is triangular in shape and is composed of limestone. [2] Miyako-jima is subject to drought and is frequently struck by typhoons. [2]

Miyako-jima is well known for its beauty, particularly the Eastern Cape (東平安名岬, Higashi-hennazaki), a nationally designated Place of Scenic Beauty at the southeasternmost point of Miyako-jima. It is considered by many as one of the most beautiful spots in Japan. Other notable locations include Yonaha Maehama beach, Sunayama beach, Painagama Beach and the sights on Irabu-jima. There are three islands nearby which are connected by bridges to Miyako-jima, Irabujima (as of early 2015), Ikema Island (池間島, Ikema-jima), and Kurima Island (来間島, Kurima-jima).

Ikema Bridge connects Miyako Island and Ikema Island. It is 1,425 metres (4,675 ft)-long and was completed in February 1992. [4] Yonaha Maehama beach can be viewed from the opposite side on Kurima Island. The Miyako language, one of several Ryukyuan languages spoken there to some degree.

Culture

In Miyako Island, Miruku-potoke (the local name for the Maitreya Buddha) is traditionally believed to be an ugly god who arrives from China to create humans, animals, and crops. The handsome god Saku-potoke (the historical Shakyamuni Buddha, founder of Buddhism) then challenges him to a flower contest and steals the flower while the other sleeps. Miruku-potoke is thus defeated and forced to return to China, which is why China is a prosperous country while Miyako is not. Nearly identical creation myths are found in Korea. [5]

Miyako is home to a unique festival called Paantu (パーントゥ), which occurs in the ninth month of the cultural (lunar) calendar. Three men dressed in grass, leaves and mud go walk around town smearing the mud on houses, cars and people. They carry sticks in one hand and an expressionless mask in the other. Legend holds that those who have been muddied by the Pantu will have a year of protection and good fortune. Owners of new homes will also invite Pantu to give a muddy 'blessing' to their homes.

Miyako has its own version of soba. Otōri is a custom of drinking awamori, a distilled beverage native to Okinawa, Japan. It is performed by people sitting (usually around a table). One offers a toast, drinks from a small glass, and then offers some to each person at the table making a round, and usually going to the right. When the toaster makes their way back to their spot, the person who passed the otori before pours them another glass. They then announce "tsunagimasu" and drinks their second glass. After a brief interval, it is then the turn of the next person to pass the otori, which continues until the celebration is ended.

Economy

Miyako is home to sugarcane cultivation, and produces brown sugar. [2] Miyako jōfu is a locally produced hand-woven textile made from ramie fiber. It was formerly known as Satsuma jōfu. The textile traces its production to the Tensho period, 1573–92. [3] [6] [7]

A large tourism boom in Miyako, starting with locals and Taiwanese visitors in the early 2010s, has been steadily growing with the annual number of tourists reaching over 1 million in both 2018 and 2019. [8] The city has been struggling to cope with cruise megaships from mainland China– currently, the central port in Hirara can only handle ships as large as 50,000 tons but port officials hope to service ships as large as 200,000 tons. [9] The effects of this growing the tourist industry may change the character of the island as its population is small and rural.

Defense

The Miyako Strait between the island and Okinawa mainland are problematic due to their width to allow Chinese ships to pass through, without invoking UNCLOS rights. However, such passages puts Japan on high alert due to fears of territory being cut off and generally degrades bilateral relations.

In late April 2015, it was confirmed that the Japanese Ministry of Defense was in advanced planning regarding the permanent deployment of a GSDF security unit to Miyakojima, to begin sometime in fiscal year 2016. This is part of ongoing efforts to improve the defenses of the Nansei Islands. A GSDF security unit is a battalion sized force, of up to 500 personnel, whose role on Miyakojima will include providing the initial response to large-scale disasters in the area as well as acting as a rapid response force to counterattacks on remote islands within its area of responsibility. [10] [11]

The Miyakojima security unit's exact composition is unclear as of April 2015, though given its known taskings, it is likely that the TOE will include both the Komatsu LAV and soft skinned vehicles with all terrain capability.

Consideration is also currently being given to deploying GSDF units equipped with anti-aircraft and anti-ship missiles to the island. [10] [11]

Points of interest

Transportation

Airlines

Lanes

Buses

Trains

  • The only one railway in this island is operated in Shiragi Resort, and conformed as Chairlift, which connects the westernmost tip with the southernmost tip in Japan of railway.
    • Stations : Shigira-ue - the westernmost tip of railway station in Japan. Shigira-shita - the southernmost tip of railway station in Japan.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Remote island related materials (離 島 関 係 資 料)" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 February 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Miyakojima". Encyclopedia of Japan. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC  56431036. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2012.
  3. ^ a b "宮古島" [Miyako-jima]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC  56431036. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Ikema Ohashi", 池間ねっと, 2018. Retrieved on 13 January 2018.
  5. ^ Waida, Manabu (1991). "The Flower Contest between Two Divine Rivals. A Study in Central and East Asian Mythology". Anthropos. 86: 89–90. ISSN  0257-9774. Retrieved 10 June 2020.
  6. ^ "宮古上布" [Miyako jōfu]. Dijitaru Daijisen (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC  56431036. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  7. ^ "宮古上布" [Miyako jōfu]. Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. OCLC  153301537. Archived from the original on 25 August 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  8. ^ "入域観光客数について|行政情報|宮古島市". www.city.miyakojima.lg.jp. Retrieved 11 January 2021.
  9. ^ https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/12/09/national/cruise-liner-influx-overwhelming-miyakojimas-economy/#.WgOVY9-YWwE
  10. ^ a b "GSDF unit to deploy on Miyakojima". The Yomiuri Shimbun. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
  11. ^ a b "GSDF may permanently station hundreds of troops on Okinawan island". The Asahi Shimbun. 27 April 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2015.
  12. ^ " JAL Group Offices Information." Japan Airlines. Retrieved on 22 July 2011. "MIYAKO Only Domestic Ticketing Available Address 223 Nishizato Hirara Miyako City, 906-0012" Map
  13. ^ 宮古島100kmワイドーマラソン <1月> Retrieved 20 September 2015 (in Japanese)

External links